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Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

T. A. Cavanaugh

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Consequentialists oppose while absolutists and deontologists rely upon double-effect reasoning (DER) to address hard cases in which good inextricably binds with evil (such as destroying a legitimate ... More


On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Uwe Steinhoff

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book describes and explains the basic tenets of just war theory and gives a precise, succinct, and highly critical account of its present status and of the most important and controversial ... More


The history of double‐effect reasoning

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents the history of DER, considering Aquinas’s originating account and closely tracing the development of double effect through subsequent moralists up to the 19th century Jesuit ... More


DER and remaining considerations

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers a number of remaining questions following the arguments of the previous chapters: Does one owe reparations for causing foreseen harm? How (considering cases Quinn proposes) ... More


The contemporary conversation

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter addresses Knauer’s proportionalism as a consequentialist misinterpretation of double effect. It considers anti-consequentialist alternatives to DER, specifically Alan Donagan’s casuistry ... More


The i/f distinction: distinguishing intent from foresight

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes the intended/foreseen (i/f) distinction: how to name it, how to make it, and how to apply it to the classic cases of euthanasia/terminal sedation, craniotomy/hysterectomy, and ... More


The i/f distinction's ethical import

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues the most controverted and important claim of DER: the ethical relevance of the distinction between intent of a harmful means and foresight of a causally necessitated, ... More


An Intervener's Conduct: Humanitarian Intervention and <i>Jus in Bello</i>

James Pattison

in Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199561049
eISBN:
9780191722318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter defends the moral importance of an intervener's fidelity to the principles to jus in bello (principles of just conduct in war). It begins by outlining the particular principles of ... More


The Rule of Double Effect: A Critique of Its Role in End-of-Life Decision Making  

Timothy E. Quill

in Caring for Patients at the End of Life: Facing an Uncertain Future Together

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195139402
eISBN:
9780199999859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139402.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter provides a commentary on the role of the ethical principle known as the “rule of double effect” in end-of-life clinical decision making. It discusses the rule's religious and ... More


The Doctrines of Double and Triple Effect and Why a Rational Agent Need Not Intend the Means to His End

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with the Doctrine of Double Effect as well as the Doctrine of Triple Effect. It examines why a rational agent need not intend the means to his end and argues that when an ... More


The Act Itself

Jonathan Bennett

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237914
eISBN:
9780191597077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823791X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The distinction between the consequences of an act and the act itself is supposed to define the fight between consequentialism and deontological moralities. This book, though sympathetic to ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


5. Is Non‐Combatant Immunity Absolute?

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

The principle of non‐combatant immunity forbids deliberate attacks on civilians. Yet civilians are regularly killed in war. So are all wars unjust? Just‐war commentators have resisted this ... More


The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts

F.M. Kamm

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199897520
eISBN:
9780199950249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises chapters that discuss aspects of war and other conflicts in the light of both nonconsequentialist ethical theory and the views of such theorists as Barbara Herman, Jeff McMahan, ... More


Justification

Alan Brudner

in Punishment and Freedom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199207251
eISBN:
9780191705502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207251.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter argues that it is impossible to generalize about the nature and rationale of legal justifications because justifications divide themselves into two categories each of which is further ... More


Causation and the Permissibility of Consequentialist Justification within Agent-Relative Morality and the Law

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter combines a legal with a moral thesis. Morality is inseparable from law here because the open-ended legal provisions on necessity and balance of evils simply reference whatever morality ... More


Harming Some to Save Others

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Continues the consideration of when it is and is not permissible to kill some to save others, by presenting a new proposal (related to an earlier one made by the author) for a Principle of ... More


Palliative Options of Last Resort: A Comparison of Practices, Justifications, and Safeguards

Timothy E. Quill

in Caring for Patients at the End of Life: Facing an Uncertain Future Together

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195139402
eISBN:
9780199999859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139402.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter compares practices, justifications, and safeguards for last-resort options in palliative care. It examines widely accepted practices of intensive pain management and of stopping life ... More


Euthanasia and the Defence of Necessity: Advocating a More Appropriate Legal Response *

Suzanne Ost

in The Criminal Justice System and Health Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228294
eISBN:
9780191711343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228294.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter addresses the question of whether the defence of necessity could and should be utilised in cases of euthanasia in the medical context. It challenges the application of the doctrine of ... More


The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Abortion is considered in relation to the doctrine of the double effect, which distinguishes between the intentions behind an action and consequences foreseen but not desired. This doctrine, often ... More


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