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How to Choose Optimal International Marketing Strategies

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0023
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how multinational firms can use marketing-finance fusion to choose international strategies. It discusses the pros and cons of international diversification to privately and ... More


Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Michael Doebeli

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Understanding the mechanisms driving biological diversity remains a central problem in ecology and evolutionary biology. Traditional explanations assume that differences in selection pressures lead ... More


 Prophecy and Theology

Niels Christian Hvidt

in Christian Prophecy: The Post-Biblical Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195314472
eISBN:
9780199785346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314472.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Although Christian prophecy has had a significant impact in the life of the church, it has received rather scarce theological elaboration. This is strange, for with Hans Urs von Balthasar one can ... More


Cultural Evolution: Adaptive Diversification in Language and Religion

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines adaptive diversification in language and religion. The historic record contains many examples of the types of diversification occurring in these models. Diversification in ... More


Coping with Vertical Disintegration: Customer–Supplier Relations and Producer Strategies in Complex Manufacturing Supply Chains

Gary Herrigel

in Manufacturing Possibilities: Creative Action and Industrial Recomposition in the United States, Germany, and Japan

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557738
eISBN:
9780191720871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557738.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Chapter introduces the problem of vertical disintegration, outlining the basic competitive dynamics that give rise to it. A five fold typology of supplier-customer relations is presented: arms ... More


Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Michael L. Arnold

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book is an exploration of how the transfer of genes between divergent lineages — through a diverse array of mechanisms — has affected, and continues to affect, humans. In particular, it is a ... More


Evolution, diversification, and mechanics of dragonfly wings

Robin J. Wootton and David J.S. Newman

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter shows how the patterns of evolution and diversification of odonatoids, and by implication those of other flight-active taxa can be illuminated by studying their flight mechanics. The ... More


Conclusion

Frank Dikötter

in The Age of Openness: China before Mao

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099203
eISBN:
9789882206595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099203.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Glasnost in the Soviet Union, kaifang in China, or doi moi in Vietnam: “openness” in socialist states has become such an inflated term of political ... More


Business Portfolio Restructuring of Japanese Firms in the 1990s: Entry and Exit Analysis *

Tatsuya Kikutani, Hideshi Itoh, and Osamu Hayashida

in Corporate Governance in Japan: Institutional Change and Organizational Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284511
eISBN:
9780191713705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284511.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the restructuring of Japanese business groups during the 1990s. Using the Basic Survey of Business Structure and Activity, the chapter analyses the business portfolio of ... More


The Evolutionary History and a Systematic Revision of Woodrats of the Neotoma lepida Group

James Patton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098664
eISBN:
9780520942592
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098664.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book details the evolutionary history of the desert woodrat complex (lepida group, genus Neotoma) of western North America. The analyses include standard multivariate morphometrics of museum ... More


Evolutionary Branching in a Classical Model for Sympatric Speciation

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by considering the Maynard Smith model. Much of this work concentrated on the genetic mechanisms for assortative mating and reproductive isolation, based on the assumption that ... More


Adaptive Diversification Due to Predator-Prey Interactions

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses adaptive diversification due to predator–prey interactions. It has long been recognized that consumption, that is, predation, can not only exert strong selection pressure on ... More


Adaptive Diversification Due to Cooperative Interactions

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on adaptive diversification due to cooperative interactions. If predation has received less attention than competition as a cause for the origin and maintenance of diversity, ... More


Adaptive Diversification and Speciation as Pattern Formation in Partial Differential Equation Models

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses partial differential equation models. Partial differential equations can describe the dynamics of phenotype distributions of polymorphic populations, and they allow for a ... More


Experimental Evolution of Adaptive Diversification in Microbes

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This concluding chapter argues that experimental evolution with microbes has emerged as a very attractive alternative to overcome the problem of long time scales in empirical studies of evolution. ... More


Coevolutionary Dynamics of Viruses and Microbes

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses coevolutionary dynamics of viruses and microbes. Virus mutation and host mutations occur rapidly, so much so that new virus and host mutants are expected to arise on timescales ... More


Evolution of Flowers, Pollination, and Plant Diversity

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the evolution of flowers, pollination, and plant diversity. There is good evidence for pollinator-mediated selection and appropriate trait heritability in flowers, and there are ... More


Linking Niches with Evolutionary Processes

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how the process of ecological niche evolution and diversification helps us better understand ecology, biogeography, and biodiversity. It first considers how species respond to ... More


Specialization, Intercity Trade, and Urban Structure

Yannis M. Ioannides

in From Neighborhoods to Nations: The Economics of Social Interactions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691126852
eISBN:
9781400845385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691126852.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the consequences of urban specialization and diversification for urban structure and intercity trade. It first reviews the empirical evidence on urban specialization and ... More


International Investment

E. Philip Davis

in Pension Funds: Retirement-Income Security and Capital Markets: An International Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198293040
eISBN:
9780191684944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293040.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

Pension funds are associated with various implications of international investment. As the chapter makes an analysis of Table 6.12, it shows that this investment has experienced significant growth ... More


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