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Deflection and startling of predators

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Prey sometimes have conspicuous marking on specific parts of their body that are considered to deflect the point of predatory attack towards defended or expendable parts of the body. Other signals ... More


Using the Stroop Task to Study Emotion Regulation

Jason Buhle, Tor Wager, and Ed Smith

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

The Stroop task is among the most influential experimental paradigms for the study of cognitive control. Recent variants have sought to extend the Stroop task to the study of emotional regulation. To ... More


The Problem with Passivity: Aesthetic Contemplation and Film Spectatorship

Scott Curtis

in The Shape of Spectatorship: Art, Science, and Early Cinema in Germany

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231134033
eISBN:
9780231508636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231134033.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter Four examines debates about the aesthetic value of the cinematic experience in Germany from 1907 to 1914. It argues that intellectuals were most concerned about film’s implications for ... More


The Media and the Second World War: From Integration to Disintegration

Corey Ross

in Media and the Making of Modern Germany: Mass Communications, Society, and Politics from the Empire to the Third Reich

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278213
eISBN:
9780191707933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278213.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter shows how the war years witnessed a dramatic intensification of the ongoing tension between the integrative and disaggregating social potential of the mass media. On the one hand, the ... More


Involuntary Attention

Joseph B Hopfinger and Emily L Parks

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on research using the event-related potential (ERP) method to investigate the mechanisms of involuntary attention. Given the very rapid time course of reflexive attention, and ... More


Conflict Control Loop Theory of Cognitive Control

Marie K Krug and Cameron S Carter

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the conflict control loop theory of cognitive control, a mechanistic framework that helps explain the behavioral and neural mechanisms that are engaged due to conflict from ... More


The Problem of Distraction

Paul North

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804775380
eISBN:
9780804778978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804775380.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

We live in an age of distraction. Contemporary analyses of culture, politics, techno-science, and psychology insist on this. They often suggest remedies for it, or ways to capitalize on it. Yet they ... More


Focused Visual Attention and Resistance to Distraction

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

An important function of attention is the ability to narrow selectivity when appropriate and to redirect energy to the selected activity. Motivation and inhibitory processes are central to this ... More


The Reluctant Film Art of Woody Allen

Peter J. Bailey

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813167190
eISBN:
9780813167862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167190.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

A central tension in Woody Allen’s film career exists between his devotion to releasing a movie every year and his utter skepticism about the effectuality of art. Allen has repeatedly dismissed the ... More


Integrated Models of Driver Behavior

Dario D. Salvucci

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

As cognitive architectures continue to move forward toward more truly “unified theories of cognition,” integration has played and will continue to play a key role in their development. At least two ... More


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