Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 115 items

  • Keywords: distortion x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


The Economics of Post-Communist Transition

Olivier Blanchard

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293996
eISBN:
9780191595998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293992.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Transition in Central and Eastern Europe has led to a U‐shaped response of output, that is, a sharp decline in output followed by recovery. Six years after the beginning of transition, most of the ... More


The Standard

David M. Kreps

in Game Theory and Economic Modelling

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283812
eISBN:
9780191596568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283814.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Argues that, for purposes of this book, game theory should be judged by the substantive insights it has (or has not) provided into real economic situations.


Jiangsu

Chris Bramall

in The Industrialization of Rural China

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199275939
eISBN:
9780191706073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275939.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The evidence for Jiangsu province points to a key role for Maoist learning by-doing in powering the rural industrialization of the transition era. The learning hypothesis seems to hold up in Jiangsu, ... More


Representing the Median Voter

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter performs a static analysis of correspondences between median voter, Parliamentary median, and government preferences by individual government and election. Distortions are widespread but ... More


Introduction: International Society and the English School

Alex J. Bellamy

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Starts by outlining the three broad ways that there are of thinking about the contribution of the English School of International Relations and international society approach to the study of ... More


Adaptive Preferences and Women's Empowerment

Serene J. Khader

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199777884
eISBN:
9780199919055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777884.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Women and other oppressed and deprived people sometimes collude with the forces that perpetuate injustice against them. Women’s acceptance of their lesser claim on household resources like food, ... More


Political Economy and Industrial Policy

Jean‐Jacques Laffont

in Incentives and Political Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248681
eISBN:
9780191596575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248680.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter considers a variety of issues in industrial policy by modelling the trade‐off between informational rents and efficiency distortions. It is shown that political imperfections affect ... More


Illusions and headaches

Arnold J. Wilkins

in Visual Stress

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Certain geometric patterns can be uncomfortable to look at and may sometimes provoke anomalous visual effects: illusions of colour, shape, and motion. The stimuli responsible are very similar to ... More


Strategy and Strategic Positioning

Roy C. Smith, Ingo Walter, and Gayle Delong

in Global Banking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195335934
eISBN:
9780199932146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335934.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter summarizes the generic processes and linkages that comprise global financial intermediation, the basic financial “hydraulics” that ultimately drive efficiency in the financial system and ... More


Representation Of, Representation As

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Resemblance is certainly not the be all and end all of representation. Even when representation is not purely symbolic, distortion and unlikeness can play a crucial role in how the representing is ... More


Imaging, Picturing, and Scaling

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Resemblance comes in, not when we are answering the question — What is representation? — but rather when we address How does this or that representation represent, and how does it succeed? The ... More


False memories: A kind of confabulation in non-clinical subjects

Lauren French, Maryanne Garry, and Elizabeth Loftus

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.02
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses research that shows how normal everyday people can come to produce confabulations. It argues that false memories can be considered to be a subset of the phenomena of ... More


The Theory of Domestic Divergences

W. Max Corden

in Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The basic theory of domestic divergences (distortions) and trade policy is laid out. Production and consumption divergences are distinguished. The concepts of the by‐product distortion effect of a ... More


The Four Assumptions of the Theory of Domestic Divergences

W. Max Corden

in Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Reviews the four assumptions of the simple theory of domestic divergences (distortions), namely that subsidies can be financed by non‐distorting taxes, that taxation involves no collection costs, ... More


Microeconomic policymaking

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

In designing the strategy for post-conflict economic reconstruction, policymakers will need to keep in mind that good macroeconomic management is necessary but not sufficient for the reactivation of ... More


Inflation Adjustments

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Discusses on the impact of income tax structure. It is widely acknowledged that the major goal of tax reductions was to adjust for the heavier tax burdens arising from inflation; at least it was true ... More


The Basic Facts

Olivier Blanchard

in The Economics of Post-Communist Transition

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293996
eISBN:
9780191595998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293992.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 1 sets the stage by reviewing the evidence on output, employment, productivity, unemployment, and investment for five Central European countries – the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, ... More


Rethinking the Basic Issues

Mario Amendola and Jean‐Luc Gaffard

in Out of Equilibrium

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293804
eISBN:
9780191595851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293801.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The analysis carried out in the preceding chapter makes it possible to rethink some basic issues of economic theory, such as the relation between consumption, investment, and saving, the relation ... More


Electron deficient molecules: three-center, two-electron bonds

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Molecules containing less than two valence electrons per bond are referred to as electron deficient. The simplest such molecule is the trigonal trihydrogen cation (H3 +). The ... More


View: