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Organ Donation and Cosmetic Enhancement

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter deals with the sanctity and integrity of the human body after death. Anatomical dissection and postmortem examinations are a routine part of medical education and diagnostic techniques ... More


One-Move Puzzles with Mathematical Content

Anany Levitin

in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164038
eISBN:
9781400881338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter provides a survey of mathematical puzzles solvable in one move. The types considered are divination puzzles, weighing puzzles, rearrangement puzzles, dissection puzzles, and folding ... More


Corporal Punishment

R. A. Houston

in Punishing the Dead?: Suicide, Lordship, and Community in Britain, 1500-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586424
eISBN:
9780191595356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586424.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

Across Europe the early modern period saw a creative period in punishment. Culprits were created, suicides among them. This chapter looks mostly at Scotland, showing how Roman law influenced the use ... More


Last Things

Philip Schofield

in Utility and Democracy: The Political Thought of Jeremy Bentham

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198208563
eISBN:
9780191716928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208563.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Following his death in 1832, Bentham’s body was dissected and then his skeleton used to create the ‘auto-icon’ or self-image which now resides at University College London. In his pamphlet ... More


Hippocrates: The Brain as the Organ of Mind

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In order to understand the Hippocratic revolution in medicine and how it led to the perception of the brain as the ruling member of the body, we must think of ancient Greece at three different but ... More


Galen: The Birth of Experimentation

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Galen, born in the ancient Greek city of Pergamon, was most attracted to a medicine based on anatomy and physiology. Galen traveled to Smyrna, Corinth, and other Greek centers of learning in an ... More


The Stage of Death: Tragedy and Anatomy

Michael Neill

in Issues of Death: Mortality and Identity in English Renaissance Tragedy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183860
eISBN:
9780191674112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183860.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The trauma of epidemic disease was by no means the only factor contributing to the early modern reinvention of death. Of particular importance, in educated circles at least, was the reinvigorated ... More


Experiment and Observation

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses five individuals who questioned nature instead of the books of men. The first sections discuss William Harvey and Jan Swammerdam, who are known for their works on the ... More


Orderings based on dissection

I. S. Duff, A. M. Erisman, and J. K. Reid

in Direct Methods for Sparse Matrices

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198508380
eISBN:
9780191746420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508380.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

We continue our discussion on orderings based on a global as opposed to a local approach. In this chapter, we study methods based on dissection. We discuss different ways of obtaining and refining a ... More


Flesh and Stone: Dissecting Maternity in the Theatre of Anatomy

Chris Laoutaris

in Shakespearean Maternities: Crises of Conception in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624362
eISBN:
9780748671687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624362.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter tries to reverse the assumption that the popular early modern genre of anatomical satire developed purely as a reaction against, and should therefore be understood antithetically to, the ... More


The Dislodgement of the Person

Geertje Mak

in Doubting Sex: Inscriptions, Bodies and Selves in Nineteenth-century Hermaphrodite Case Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719086908
eISBN:
9781781702628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086908.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter demonstrates how enactments of doubting sex and sexual function under bedside medicine differed from those under the new medical regime. A general overview of how and by whom ... More


Whitechapel autopsy: an East End apocalypse

Brian Baker

in Iain Sinclair

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069048
eISBN:
9781781700891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069048.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter examines Sinclair's first novel, White Chappell. It shows that this novel drew upon the events of the autumn of 1888, namely the ‘Whitechapel Murders’ of Jack the Ripper, and even some ... More


Materials and Methods

Yu-Feng Hsu and Jerry A. Powell

in Phylogenetic Relationships within Heliodinidae and Systematics of Moths Formerly Assigned to Heliodines Stainton (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098473
eISBN:
9780520916067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098473.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This study examined more than 1,800 specimens of adult Heliodinidae and more than 200 larval and pupal specimens preserved in ethanol. The Essig Museum of Entomology at the University of ... More


The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Anita Guerrini

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book explores the role of dissection and of animals in the development of experimental methods in seventeenth-century science in the city of Paris between 1643 and 1715. Science was embedded in ... More


Braiding Science: Refiguring Ayurveda

Projit Bihari Mukharji

in Doctoring Traditions: Ayurveda, Small Technologies, and Braided Sciences

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226381794
eISBN:
9780226381824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226381824.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The introduction has two aims. First: to clarify the key concerns of the book. Second: to situate these concerns within a wide range of interdisciplinary readings. Overall, the discussions in the ... More


The Animal Projects of the Paris Academy of Sciences

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the last third of the seventeenth century, the Paris Academy of Sciences pursued two dissection projects, of exotic animals and of living and dead domestic animals coupled with the dissection of ... More


The Histoire des animaux

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Artists and illustrations were part of the Academy’s work from the outset; illustrated accounts of dissections of exotic animals began to appear in 1667. Colbert’s imperative to contribute to the ... More


Introduction

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The introduction outlines the various key concepts for the remainder of the book. Paris was the center of cultural and scientific pursuits during the seventeenth-century, and science was embedded in ... More


Vesalius and the Bloodletting Controversy

Sachiko Kusukawa

in Picturing the Book of Nature: Image, Text, and Argument in Sixteenth-Century Human Anatomy and Medical Botany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226465296
eISBN:
9780226465289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226465289.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Bloodletting was the most common form of medical prophylactic and treatment in premodern Europe. In the sixteenth century a controversy over bloodletting was sparked by a humanist physician and ... More


Reproduction

Gunther Köhler

in Reptile Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198726135
eISBN:
9780191825934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726135.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter argues that knowledge of reproductive biology is crucial to understanding the ecology and natural history of a species. However, the reproductive biology of many reptile species is ... More


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