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The Third Way's Social Investment State

Ruth Lister

in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266722
eISBN:
9780191601941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266727.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Traces the dispersal of power associated with contemporary transformations of the state and discusses the tensions that arise in the shift towards partnership working, public participation, citizen ... More


Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Ecologists, both practical and theoretical, now appreciate that to understand biological systems they must consider the spatial dimension. Consequently, dispersal has become one of the hottest topics ... More


Microbial biodiversity and biogeography

David A. Pearce and Pierre E. Galand

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes the major groups of microorganisms found in high latitude aquatic ecosystems and the methodological approaches used to study their biodiversity. The underlying mechanisms that ... More


Introduction

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This introductory chapter serves two main purposes: to explain the structure of the book and to introduce the terminology to be used. It discusses the key terms that have been applied to dispersal, ... More


Post-release movement of propagules

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the main types of dispersal vector, the characteristics of their behaviour relevant to dispersal, their effects on the trajectory of single propagules, and the final distances ... More


Concluding remarks

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This short concluding chapter first summarizes the book's take-home messages from the three sections of the book, and then lists some recommendations for future research.


The genetic and ecological context of selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter gives some quantitative information about the rates of genetic and environmental deterioration. The first section in this chapter is about history, chance, and necessity, and includes ... More


Archaeology and Language in the Andes: Some General Models of Change

COLIN RENFREW

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the role of general models for language change and considers four such classes of model. The farming/language dispersal model is a frequent case for language replacement. But ... More


Middle Horizon Imperialism and the Prehistoric Dispersal of Andean Languages

WILLIAM H. ISBELL

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

The dispersal of the Romance language family by the Roman Empire is an attractive model for examining the spread of Quechua. Wari and Tiwanaku are often considered the first Andean empires, during ... More


More Examples: Adaptive Diversification in Dispersal Rates, the Evolution of Anisogamy, and the Evolution of Trophic Preference

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores three more examples that all arise in the context of fundamental ecological and evolutionary questions to further illustrate the diversifying force of frequency-dependent ... More


Archaeological models and Asian Indo-Europeans

J. P. Mallory

in Indo-Iranian Languages and Peoples

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262856
eISBN:
9780191753961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262856.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Archaeological attempts to discern prehistoric linguistic dispersals are packaged in a variety of models that must all rest on at least one assumption: the archaeological record in some form or ... More


Living with Other Flowers: Competition and Pollination Ecology

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines competition in the context of pollination ecology. Competition is typically treated from the perspective of the plants, but it is also likely to occur among and between the ... More


FLOWERS AND SEEDS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The central theme in this chapter on the reproduction of flowering plants is the tremendous diversity of reproductive mechanisms that exists to achieve pollination and to disperse seeds. The floral ... More


POPULATION DYNAMICS AND MOVEMENTS

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The population biology of the House Sparrow is discussed against the backdrop of major population declines in recent years in Europe and North America. The potential roles of interspecific ... More


Ecosystems and parasitism: the spatial dimension

Robert Holt and Thierry Boulinier

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Spatial patterns of parasitism are thought to be strongly associated with local adaptation, relative rates of migration by hosts and parasites, and local levels of resource availability. This chapter ... More


Globalization and Invasive Alien Species: Trade, Pests, and Pathogens

Charles Perrings, Eli Fenichel, and Ann Kinzig

in Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199560158
eISBN:
9780191721557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560158.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The risk posed by an introduced species depends on a number of factors, some of which are within the control of regulatory authorities and some of which are not. It is a product of the probability ... More


Environmental and social influences on emerging infectious diseases: past, present, and future

Anthony J. McMichael

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Human global dispersal, cultural evolution, and inter-population contact and conflict have caused major transitions in our relationships with the natural world. The three great historical transitions ... More


Reproductive ecology and genetic variation

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter first considers the process of flowering phenology and pollination, and techniques for measuring fruit production, dispersal, and predation. It then presents methods for analysing the ... More


Phylogeography of chestnut-backed chickadees in western North America

Theresa M. Burg

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter assesses the biogeography of chestnut-backed chickadees using microsatellite analysis, providing alternative scenarios for the glacial refugia and dispersal patterns that could explain ... More


Behavioral Ecology of Semiterrestrial Crayfish

Alastair M.M. Richardson

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Like a number of the other crustaceans, burrowing crayfish live in a situation that tends to lead to prolonged associations between mother and offspring, and even overlapping generations in some ... More


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