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Diffuse Trust or Diffuse Analysis? The Specificity of Political Distrust in Post-Communist Europe

William L. Miller, Tatyana Y. Koshechkina, and ÅSE B. GRØDELAND

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Political theorists claim that political trust is located on the continuum that runs from blind faith to enforceable contract. Trust ‘as passion’ borders on blind faith, while trust ‘as calculation’ ... More


 Evolutionary Biology and the Question of Trust

Michael Ruse

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the phenomenon of fraud and dishonesty in science is more akin to a perversion than a straight sin. Examples from the history of evolutionary biology are used to show how ... More


Nietzsche's Denial of Evil

Claudia Card

in The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145083
eISBN:
9780199833115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145089.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter contests Nietzsche's account of the origin of the concept “evil” and its meanings, questioning his claims that the weak are more dishonest than the powerful, that the powerful are ... More


Unmasking the Heart

James H. Johnson

in Venice Incognito: Masks in the Serene Republic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267718
eISBN:
9780520948624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267718.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

For the critics of commedia dell’arte, carnival masks and their spinoffs in the theater were part of a wider circle of wickedness that stretched from the concrete to the unseen. To them, there was a ... More


Lying

Christian Miller

in Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Section one briefly mentions how the term ‘lying’ will be used before reviewing some of the recent research on lying behavior. Section two turns from behavior to the motivation behind lying. Section ... More


Choice Words and Political Dramas

Alan Ackerman

in Just Words: Lillian Hellman, Mary McCarthy, and the Failure of Public Conversation in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300167122
eISBN:
9780300171808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300167122.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses models of moral language that shaped political disputes during the Cold War. Philosophers have long debated the permissibility of various kinds of lies. The chapter reveals ... More


Perverse Incentive Effects: Executives Behaving Badly

Robert W. Kolb

in Too Much Is Not Enough: Incentives in Executive Compensation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199829583
eISBN:
9780190258498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199829583.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter shows that incentive compensation plays a key role in corporate dishonesty and the commission of felonies by CEOs. It focuses on the practice of option backdating, where grants are ... More


European Antitrust Criminalization and the Challenge of Legal Certainty

Peter Whelan

in The Criminalization of European Cartel Enforcement: Theoretical, Legal, and Practical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199670062
eISBN:
9780191749445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670062.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Competition Law

This chapter analyses the challenge of legal certainty for European antitrust criminalization from three perspectives: the concept, substance, and existence of a criminal antitrust offence. The ... More


European Antitrust Criminalization and the First Challenge of Design: Defining the Criminal Cartel Offence

Peter Whelan

in The Criminalization of European Cartel Enforcement: Theoretical, Legal, and Practical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199670062
eISBN:
9780191749445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670062.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Competition Law

This chapter analyses two important aspects to the challenge of designing a criminal cartel offence in practice. First, it considers the potential (negative) impact of Regulation 1/2003 on the design ... More


Defending Virtuous Motivation

Joshua May

in Regard for Reason in the Moral Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198811572
eISBN:
9780191848452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811572.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers remaining empirical challenges to the idea that we’re commonly motivated to do what’s right for the right reasons. Two key factors threaten to defeat claims to virtuous ... More


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