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Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Jaap Goudsmit

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

Rarely have humans been as threatened by viruses as they are today. It almost seems as if a virus invasion is taking place. Viruses have lately been coming out of nowhere and appearing in the ... More


In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


Obituary

David J Weiss and James Shanteau

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Following on from the previous two chapters presents an obituary for Ward Edwards. Ward's 1954 paper in the Psychological Bulletin introduced decision making as a research topic for psychologists. He ... More


Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Ted Anderson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

After the chicken, the House Sparrow is the most widely distributed bird species in the world, occurring on all continents except Antarctica and on most human-inhabited islands. Although its Latin ... More


Network Epidemiology: A Handbook for Survey Design and Data Collection

Martina Morris (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269013
eISBN:
9780191601330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269017.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

For epidemiologists and public health professionals, the global epidemic of HIV/AIDS has provoked a fundamental re-examination of infectious disease prevention and the research needed to support it. ... More


Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Fabrizio Benedetti

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

One of the most widespread words in medicine is the placebo and placebo effect, although it is not always clear what it means exactly. Recent progress in biomedical research has allowed a better ... More


In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience

R. Walter Heinrichs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195122190
eISBN:
9780199865482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122190.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book evaluates the progress of schizophrenia science by summarizing what is known about how patients with the illness differ from healthy people. The tools of meta-analysis are first explained ... More


Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Saurabh Mishra

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book studies the organization and meanings of the Haj from India during colonial times and analyses it from political, commercial, and medical perspectives — between 1860, the year of the first ... More


Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Dirk U. Pfeiffer, Timothy P. Robinson, Mark Stevenson, Kim B. Stevens, David J. Rogers, and Archie C. A. Clements

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198509882
eISBN:
9780191709128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509882.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This book provides an overview of the use of spatial statistics in epidemiology — the study of the incidence and distribution of diseases. Used appropriately, spatial analytical methods in ... More


Intellectual Property and Health in Developing Countries

Jean Tirole

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the impact of intellectual property rights (IPRs) on low- and middle-income countries’ health care. There are two different reasons why poor countries may not have access to ... More


Public Policies to Stimulate Development of Vaccines for Neglected Diseases

Michael Kremer

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the impact of intellectual property rights (IPRs) on low-and middle-income countries’ health care. There are two different reasons why poor countries may not have access to ... More


Policy Networks in British Government

David Marsh and R. A. W. Rhodes (eds)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278528
eISBN:
9780191684210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278528.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Policy is not made in the electoral arena or in the gladiatorial confrontations of Parliament, but in the netherworld of committees, civil servants, professions, and interest groups. This collection ... More


Understanding Poverty

Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee, Roland Bénabou, and Dilip Mookherjee

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This volume presents 28 essays on poverty by some of the leading experts in the field of economics. The book is divided into three sections, beginning with an essay about how poverty is measured. The ... More


The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Irvine Loudon

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Childbed fever was by the far the most common cause of deaths associated with childbirth up to the Second World War throughout Britain and Europe. Otherwise known as puerperal fever, it was an ... More


The Problem of Disease When Domesticating Bees

Rosalind R. James

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

When disease strikes a hive of bees, it can devastate the colony and spread to the entire beekeeping operation. All bees are susceptible to diseases, and when they are domesticated, their population ... More


Iris on Safari: A Personal Record

John Bayley

in Iris Murdoch, Philosopher

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289905
eISBN:
9780191728471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289905.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a short memoir of Iris Murdoch as lecturer and traveller—and her relations, among other things, to God, to power (and Elias Canetti), and to what Philippa Foot has called ... More


The Geography of Disease Transmission

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses various applications of ecological niche modeling in the study of the geography and ecology of disease transmission. Niche modeling approaches have many applications in the ... More


End of Life in Care Homes: A Palliative Care Approach

Jeanne Samson Katz and Sheila M. Peace (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198510710
eISBN:
9780191730276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510710.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine and Older People, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

In our society, the overwhelming majority of people die in later life. They typically die slowly of chronic diseases, with multiple co-existing problems over long periods of time. They spend the ... More


Concepts of Epidemiology: Integrating the ideas, theories, principles and methods of epidemiology

Raj Bhopal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199543144
eISBN:
9780191723995
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543144.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the science that underpins health and health care, and is concerned with the pattern, frequency, and causes of disease. This book describes and illustrates epidemiology and its ... More


When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

João Biehl and Adriana Petryna (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book critically assesses the expanding field of global health. It brings together an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars to address the medical, social, political, and economic ... More


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