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Disagreement

Richard Feldman and Ted A. Warfield (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Disagreement is common. Even informed, intelligent, and generally reasonable people often come to different conclusions when confronted with what seems to be the same evidence. Can the competing ... More


Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Berit Brogaard

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

What are the things that we assert, believe, and desire? The orthodox view among philosophers is eternalism: these are contents that have their truth-values eternally. Transient Truths provides the ... More


Relative Truth

Manuel García-Carpintero and Max Kölbel (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The truth of an utterance depends on various factors. Usually these factors are assumed to be: the meaning of the sentence uttered; the context in which the utterance was made; and the way things are ... More


Aquinas on Friendship

Daniel Schwartz

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199205394
eISBN:
9780191709265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205394.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book examines the views on friendship of the great medieval philosopher Thomas Aquinas. For Aquinas, friendship is the ideal type of relationship that rational beings should cultivate. The book ... More


Conclusion

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter retraces the history of moral development to show how it is possible for us to have discovered a meta-theoretical principle of moral improvement, the main principle. The main principle ... More


The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Keith DeRose

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Contextualism is the view that the epistemic standards that a subject must meet in order for a sentence attributing knowledge to her to be true vary according to the contexts in which those sentences ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


 Coping with Moral Difference *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This final chapter returns to practical problems arising from accepting a plurality of true or justified moralities: (1) problems about how to have confidence in one’s moral commitments while ... More


Concluding Reflections

Bryan Frances

in Scepticism Comes Alive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The importance of what was argued in the book was evaluated, with comments on which elements are of lasting significance for epistemology as a discipline. Notions treated include epistemic deference, ... More


Disagreement and Uncertainty

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores how those who have internalized the Rule Consequentialist ideal code will respond to disagreement and uncertainty. The ensuing discussion reinforces the Rule Consequentialist ... More


Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Gilbert Harman

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the following questions: What accounts for the existence of basic moral disagreements? Why do most people think it is worse to injure someone than to fail to save them from injury? Where ... More


Moral Realism: A Defence

Russ Shafer-Landau

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a book in metaethics that defends a brand of moral realism known as non‐naturalism. The book has five Parts. Part I outlines the sort of moral realism that the author wishes to defend, and ... More


 Pluralism and Ambivalence *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The case for pluralistic relativism begins with discussing a discomforting kind of moral disagreement that gives rise to moral ambivalence: this is not simply disagreement in which both sides run out ... More


 Objections and Replies

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to the following objections against pluralistic relativism: it is unable to explain moral disagreement; it undermines confidence in one’s moral commitments; it makes learning ... More


Social Justice and Public Equality

Thomas Christiano

in The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198297475
eISBN:
9780191716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297475.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter argues that social justice requires that equality be publicly realized. Social justice is realized in social and political institutions that attempt to establish justice. It requires ... More


Knowing Right From Wrong

Kieran Setiya

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657452
eISBN:
9780191745539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657452.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Can we have objective knowledge of right and wrong, of how we should live and what there is reason to do? The thought that we can is beset by sceptical problems. In the face of radical disagreement, ... More


Contextual Arguments for Liberalism

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Contextual Arguments for Liberalism This chapter examines Rawls's essays published since A Theory of Justice and Charles Larmore's argument in Patterns of Moral Complexity, both of which reject the ... More


Disagreeing Across Time

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Eternalism holds that present-tensed sentences make implicit reference to the time of speech. ‘John is a firefighter’, for example, expresses, relative to a context, the proposition that John is a ... More


We're Right. They're Wrong

Peter Van Inwagen

in Disagreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces many of the central philosophical puzzles about peer disagreement. It starts with a discussion of disagreements in religion, and then extends the discussion to philosophical, ... More


Belief in the Face of Controversy

Hilary Kornblith

in Disagreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines differences among disagreements in different domains. It notes that in some domains disagreements usually can be readily resolved, in others consensus often emerges over time. ... More


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