Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 220 items

  • Keywords: disadvantage x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Disadvantage

Jonathan Wolff and Avner de-Shalit

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What does it mean to be disadvantaged? Is it possible to compare different disadvantages? What should governments do to move their societies in the direction of equality, where equality is to be ... More


The Indexing Problem

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

If disadvantage is plural, how could we know who are the least advantaged? One possible way of treating this ‘indexing problem’ is to claim that pluralism is not the problem but the solution: that ... More


Conclusion

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter shows how this project brings together theory and practice, and draws out some ways in which the book contributes to the understanding of equality. These include redefining ... More


Functionings

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter deepens the discussion of the nature of disadvantage by asking: what categories of functionings exhaust those necessary to construct a full philosophical theory of disadvantage? ... More


Risk

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues the importance of examining not only what functionings a person achieves, but also his or her prospect of securing and sustaining a level of functioning should he or she attempt ... More


Opportunity and Responsibility

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that the idea of ‘capability’ is too vague; it is replaced with the concept of ‘genuine opportunities’ for secure functioning. An opportunity for a functioning is genuine to the ... More


Measuring Functionings

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the previous chapter, it was assumed that it is possible to measure the functioning level of each representative individual for each functioning. This chapter explores how and why such measurement ... More


De‐clustering Disadvantage

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks at the issue of how it might be possible to decluster disadvantage. The best means of doing so will be for government to attend to corrosive disadvantages — those that cause other ... More


Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Todd R Clear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

At no time in history, and certainly in no other democratic society, have prisons been filled so quickly and to such capacity than in the United States. And nowhere has this growth been more ... More


Linking Financial Market Institutions, Corporate Finance, and Competitive Strategies

Andrea M. Herrmann

in One Political Economy, One Competitive Strategy?: Comparing Pharmaceutical Firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543434
eISBN:
9780191715693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543434.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Political Economy

This chapter analyses how firms can compete despite comparative disadvantages of national financial-market institutions. It first studies whether pharmaceutical firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK ... More


Linking Labour‐Market Institutions, Employee Skills, and Competitive Strategies

Andrea M. Herrmann

in One Political Economy, One Competitive Strategy?: Comparing Pharmaceutical Firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543434
eISBN:
9780191715693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543434.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Political Economy

This chapter investigates how firms can compete despite comparative disadvantages of national labour-market institutions. It first analyses whether pharmaceutical firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK ... More


Conclusion

Andrea M. Herrmann

in One Political Economy, One Competitive Strategy?: Comparing Pharmaceutical Firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543434
eISBN:
9780191715693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543434.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Political Economy

This chapter summarizes and interprets the results obtained throughout the book. It recapitulates that international institutions and contracts serve as functional equivalents to national ... More


The Quality of Working Life in Welfare Strategy

Duncan Gallie

in Why We Need a New Welfare State

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256433
eISBN:
9780191599170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256438.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Three main issues are addressed in this chapter. The first section, ‘Dimensions of employment disadvantage’, points out that although the central policy orientation for enhancing social inclusion in ... More


The Shape of Lesbian and Gay Subordination

Cheshire Calhoun

in Feminism, the Family, and the Politics of the Closet: Lesbian and Gay Displacement

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257669
eISBN:
9780191598906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257663.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is argued that lesbian and gay subordination differs substantially in form from gender and racial oppression. In particular, it does not materialize in a disadvantaged place that would sharply ... More


Comparative Institutional Advantages of Welfare State Regimes and New Coalitions in Welfare State Reforms

Philip Manow

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform. They explore the linkages between ... More


Liberal Justifications for Ethnic Group Rights

Rainer Bauböck

in Multicultural Questions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296102
eISBN:
9780191599583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829610X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The third question, Do Minorities Require Group Rights?, has provoked sharply opposite answers. Rainer Baubock presents four arguments for ethnic group rights, one based on historical boundaries, a ... More


What Does a Representative Do? Descriptive Representation in Communicative Settings of Distrust, Uncrystallized Interests, and Historically Denigrated Status

Jane Mansbridge

in Citizenship in Diverse Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780198297703
eISBN:
9780191602948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829770X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Disadvantaged groups may want to be represented by individuals who in their own backgrounds mirror the typical experiences of that group; these are descriptive representatives. The analysis presented ... More


SCHOOLING AND CULTURAL MAINTENANCE FOR RELIGIOUS MINORITIES IN THE LIBERAL STATE

J. Mark Halstead

in Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253661
eISBN:
9780191601972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253668.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the last of the four essays in Part II of the book on liberalism and traditionalist education; all four are by authors who would like to find ways for the liberal state to honour the ... More


Disabilities

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critically evaluates Dworkin's use of a hypothetical insurance market scheme to illuminate the degree to which justice requires the provision of compensation to persons with significant physical or ... More


Social Determinants of Health

Michael Marmot and Richard Wilkinson (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198565895
eISBN:
9780191723988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565895.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The health of populations is related to features of society and its social and economic organization. This crucial fact provides the basis for effective policy-making for improving population health. ... More


View: