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From Comitative to Instrumental Forms

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

A functional pattern found in all western and central European languages concerns case polysemy or case syncretism between a comitative (‘together with’) and an instrumental (‘by means of’) meaning. ... More


Physics and Astronomy in a Catholic Framework

William R. Stoeger

in Teaching the Tradition: Catholic Themes in Academic Disciplines

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199795307
eISBN:
9780199932894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795307.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Literalism for interpreting the Bible and causal reductionism for the sciences are failed endeavors. Causal reductionism reduces everything to the basic elements of matter. This turns spiritual ... More


Into (and Out of) Modality

Heiko Narrog

in Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic Change: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199694372
eISBN:
9780191742279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694372.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter deals with directionality of change between modality and voice (section 1), modality and possession (section 2), and modality and aspect (section 3). The first two categories (voice and ... More


Contested Time: The Feast in Dream Village

Janet Hoskins

in The Play of Time: Kodi Perspectives on Calendars, History, and Exchange

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520080034
eISBN:
9780520919136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520080034.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The perception of “time as value” is inscribed on individual biographies and life cycles, not reckoned with the mechanical units of clocks, schedules, or timetables. This chapter explores people's ... More


The Metaphysics of Relations

Anna Marmodoro and David Yates (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is uncontroversial that there are true relational predications—‘Abelard loves Eloise’, ‘Simmias is taller than Socrates’, ‘smoking causes cancer’, etc. But do any such truths involve the relata ... More


Contextual allomorphy

Eulàlia Bonet and Daniel Harbour

in The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199573721
eISBN:
9780199573738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573721.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter characterises the empirical and theoretical bounds of the concept of allomorphy. We demonstrate how allomorphy may be distinguished from phonological, morphological and syntactic sources ... More


What is LGBTQ Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)?

Adam M. Messinger

in LGBTQ Intimate Partner Violence: Lessons for Policy, Practice, and Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520286054
eISBN:
9780520961357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286054.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter synthesizes research on the nature of LGBTQ IPV, including the tactics comprising and the prevalence of each form of IPV (psychological, physical, and sexual IPV, along with ... More


Long-Distance Dependencies and Other Formal Issues in Phonology

Charles Reiss

in Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182706
eISBN:
9780262255325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182706.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

The model of stress computation proposed by Morris Halle and William J. Idsardi explicitly aims to reduce to a bare minimum the set of primitives the approach requires. In this approach, the foot ... More


Empirical: The Biological Sciences

Peter V. Rabins

in The Why of Things: Causality in Science, Medicine, and Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164726
eISBN:
9780231535458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164726.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the application of the empirical method to the study of causality by focusing on the biological sciences. In particular, it considers the nature-nurture debate and ... More


Why Are There No Directionality Parameters?

Richard S. Kayne

in Theoretical Approaches to Disharmonic Word Order

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199684359
eISBN:
9780191764967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684359.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The human language faculty is antisymmetric, with consistent and exceptionless specifier–head–complement order, in part because probe–goal search shares the left-to-right directionality of production ... More


On the Relevance of the Head Parameter in a Mixed OV Language *

Arantzazu Elordieta

in Theoretical Approaches to Disharmonic Word Order

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199684359
eISBN:
9780191764967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684359.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter evaluates the validity of the directionality parameter as opposed to a universal Spec–Head–Complement structure, by discussing some of the implications of the latter for a disharmonic OV ... More


Grammatical Constructionalization

Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale

in Constructionalization and Constructional Changes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679898
eISBN:
9780191760075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679898.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter builds on earlier work in grammaticalization to show how expansion and reduction are intertwined in the development of grammatical constructions. The importance of distinguishing pre- ... More


Buckland's designful geohistory (1832–36)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0030
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how the evidence for directionality could be harnessed for less-disturbing ends and shows how William Buckland made one such interpretation widely accessible. In his book, ... More


What are serial verbs good for?

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in Serial Verbs

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198791263
eISBN:
9780191833700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791263.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Serial verb constructions can express a multitude of grammatical meanings—including directionality, aspect, comparison, increasing valency, and many more. These meanings may be expressed with affixes ... More


A methodology for syntactic reconstruction

George Walkden

in Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198712299
eISBN:
9780191780837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712299.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter lays out a framework for the reconstruction of syntax. Section 2.2 is dedicated to the question of syntactic variation: it defends an implementation of Principles & Parameters theory ... More


Graphic Form

Rebecca Treiman and Brett Kessler

in How Children Learn to Write Words

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199907977
eISBN:
9780190228422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199907977.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Writing is an object in itself—marks on a surface—as well as a representation of a linguistic structure. This chapter discusses the surface properties of words and texts, including the fact that ... More


The decline of Latin left-peripheral presentational foci: Causes and consequences

Lieven Danckaert

in Syntax over Time: Lexical, Morphological, and Information-Structural Interactions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199687923
eISBN:
9780191767319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687923.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is concerned with the syntax and diachronic evolution of a particular focalization strategy in Latin, which involves displacement of presentational foci to the clausal left periphery. On ... More


Enthalpy and thermochemistry

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Definition and mathematics of enthalpy. Definition of heat capacity at constant pressure as CP = (∂H/∂T)V. Endothermic and exothermic reactions. Role of the change in enthalpy as regards the ... More


Introduction: The Metaphysics of Relations

Anna Marmodoro and David Yates

in The Metaphysics of Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The metaphysics of relations can usefully be thought of as addressing two broad questions: (1) What kinds of relations are there, and how should we account for them? (2) What is the ontological ... More


Positionalism Revisited

Maureen Donnelly

in The Metaphysics of Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Various philosophers have raised compelling objections to the standard assumption that relations hold of their relata in a particular order. Positionalism is an alternative to the standard account, ... More


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