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Why we get lost

Paul A. Dudchenko

in Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the argument that humans have a sense of direction that is based on the head direction cell system. It suggests that there are two ways in which people get lost. In the first, ... More


Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Paul Dudchenko

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This book reviews the psychology and neuroscience of how we find our way. It starts with a history of studies on how organisms solve mazes. This work has its origins in the efforts of behaviourists, ... More


Essential First Steps: Installing Perl Plus a Programming Environment

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer

in Perl for Exploring DNA

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305890
eISBN:
9780199773862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305890.003.02
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Clear directions for Mac OS X and Windows users alike are provided to get these respective hardware systems set up for programming in Perl. This chapter provides as much encouragement and support as ... More


Representing Direction in Language and Space

Emile van der Zee and Jon Slack (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260195
eISBN:
9780191717345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260195.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book considers how it is possible for people to use directions like above the table or over the city. How does our brain or any other information processing system represent a direction as a ... More


Conclusion

David Maskell

in Racine

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151616
eISBN:
9780191672774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151616.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

In the seventeenth century, plays were bounded heavily by the power of language and verbal effects. However, Racine provided stage directions so that even deaf spectators would see and understand his ... More


Time, Tense, and Causation

Michael Tooley

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Defends a dynamic, or tensed, conception of time, according to which the past and the present are real while the future is not. This conception differs from traditional tensed views, according to ... More


The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

J. L. Mackie

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246428
eISBN:
9780191597954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book, J. L. Mackie makes a careful study of several philosophical issues involved in his account of causation. Mackie follows Hume's distinction between causation as a concept and causation ... More


Transtemporal Relations (III): Causation

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Begins by showing how theories of causation can be accommodated within presentism, discussing the regularity theory, the counterfactual theory, and the chance‐raising theory. Discusses the direction ... More


The Rise and Fall of LEAA

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

A major federal anticrime agency had its roots in an Office of Law Enforcement Assistance established in the presidency of Lyndon Johnson. The agency was enacted into law in a wide‐ranging crime law ... More


Responsibility and Justice

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 2 unpacks the notion of responsibility. It begins by pointing to the different senses in which people are said to be responsible for things and then goes on to examine why our responsibility for ... More


e i g h t The Only Possible Argument The Culmination of the Precritical Project

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s third book, The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of God’s Existence (1764). Section 1 surveys Kant’s development after his professorial thesis (1756): ... More


 Neocortical Influences on Hippocampal Place Cells

David K. Bilkey

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents a picture of how hippocampal place cells might contribute to spatial memory via a field density model that provides information about direction to goals. A key feature of the ... More


Dynamics of Motor Cortical Networks: The Complementarity of Spike Synchrony and Firing Rate

Alexa Riehle, Sébastien Roux, Bjørg Elisabeth Kilavik, and Sonja Grün

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The temporal coding hypothesis suggests that not only changes in firing rate but also precise spike timing, especially synchrony, constitute an important part of the representational substrate for ... More


Encoding Space in Spatial Language

Laura A. Carlson

in The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

We all share a common spatial experience but talk about this experience in very different ways. One way to understand this variability is to identify which linguistic properties are associated with ... More


Visual Pattern Analyzers

Norma Van Surdam Graham

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

From the light that falls on the retina, the visual system must extract meaningful information about what is where in our environment. At an early stage in this process, it analyzes the incoming ... More


The OECD's Global Role: Agenda‐setting and Policy Diffusion

Morten Ougaard

in Mechanisms of OECD Governance: International Incentives for National Policy-Making?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199591145
eISBN:
9780191594601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591145.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 2 analyzes the OECD's roles in global governance. The organization is a network of trans‐governmental networks linking government bureaucracies in member and (increasingly also) ... More


Shadow Stereo, Image Filtering, and Constraint Propagation

Michael Brady, Xiao-Bo Pan, Veit Schenk, Melissa Terras, Paul Robertson, and Nicholas Molton

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

It is agreed that stilus tablets are very important documentary sources, however they are the most difficult to decipher. The difficulties in deciphering them is due to the rough surface of the ... More


The “Mother Problem”: Up, Out, or Sidelined?

Mary Ann Mason and Eve Mason Ekman

in Mothers on the Fast Track: How a New Generation Can Balance Family and Careers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195182675
eISBN:
9780199944019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182675.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter suggests that most women are neither steadily rising to equal representation in top positions, nor dropping out in large numbers. Research shows that highly educated women rarely leave ... More


The Metaphysics of Change III: Time

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Time is a topic that many philosophers have found enigmatic. This chapter suggests resolutions to some of the enigmas, specifically time's flow, its direction, and its duration. One key is shown to ... More


Neurophysiology and Psychophysics

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter provides the necessary background for the study of visual pattern analyzers (e.g., spatial frequency and orientation-selective channels, direction-selective mechanisms). It briefly ... More


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