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The Porous Medium Equation: Mathematical Theory

Juan Luis Vazquez

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569039
eISBN:
9780191717468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569039.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

The heat equation is one of the three classical linear partial differential equations of second order that form the basis of any elementary introduction to the area of PDEs, and only recently has it ... More


Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Alan K. Bowman and Michael Brady (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

These fifteen chapters explore the ways in which recent developments in imaging, image analysis, and image display and diffusion can be applied to objects of material culture in order to enhance ... More


The natural blind-spot (optic disc) within the scotoma

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The optic disc provides ready-made control for determining the limits of intra-ocular diffusion. As the size of the natural and absolutely blind area is fixed and known (5° × 7°), a target light that ... More


Practical methods of crystallization

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

There are four major techniques for growing crystals of biological macromolecules: vapour diffusion, microbatch, free interface diffusion and dialysis. Each method has its inherent advantages and ... More


Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Hans-Peter Kohler

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Considerable controversy exists among demographers, economists, and sociologists over the causes of fertility change in developing and developed countries. The neoclassical economic approach to ... More


Diffusion and Self-Diffusion

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the basic concepts of diffusion and self-diffusion. It derives relations between the mean square displacement of a diffusing particle, the diffusion coefficient, and the ... More


Statistical Methods for Diffusion Data

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes statistical methods for inferring and quantifying social transmission in groups of animals in the wild, or in “captive” groups of animals in naturalistic social environments. ... More


Patents and Welfare in an Evolutionary Model

Sidney G. Winter

in Understanding Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269426
eISBN:
9780191710179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269426.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter inquires into the role of patents and the appropriate duration of patent protection with regard to defining property rights in productive knowledge. Utilizing the formal model of ... More


The Diffusion of Soft Innovations

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter considers alternative models of the demand for (diffusion of) soft innovations. From the several models, the list of factors shown to be important in the innovation process includes the ... More


Learning to Industrialize in the Maoist Era

Chris Bramall

in The Industrialization of Rural China

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199275939
eISBN:
9780191706073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275939.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The diffusion of skills from the urban core to the rural periphery transformed China’s rural skills base during the 1960s and 1970s. This process was brought about by both the Third Front programme ... More


The Roles of IPR Regime on Thailand's Technological Catching Up

Patarapong Intarakumnerd and Peera Charoenporn

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses the case of Thailand and argues that technological learning by firms has been slow and passive owing to three factors: the failure of the educational system to create a strong ... More


Compound Democracies: Why the United States and Europe Are Becoming Similar

Sergio Fabbrini

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235612
eISBN:
9780191715686
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235612.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book compares the American and European political systems. By deploying a powerful new model to analyse the two systems, it draws some challenging conclusions about their increasing similarity. ... More


Problemistic Search and (Inter‐)Organizational Learning

Henrich R. Greve

in The Institutions of the Market: Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231423
eISBN:
9780191710865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231423.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter addresses the question of how the institutional environment relates to organizational learning. Two areas of research on organizational change are distinguished: the concept of ... More


Epilogue

A. W. Price

in Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248996
eISBN:
9780191681172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248996.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The character of life that has permitted people to unite egoism and altruism to a certain degree is that which is called moral fecundity. It is necessary that individual life should diffuse itself ... More


Knowledge to Action?: Evidence-Based Health Care in Context

Sue Dopson and Louise Fitzgerald

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199259014
eISBN:
9780191718113
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259014.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

Health services can and should be improved by applying research findings about best practice. This book explores why it proves notoriously difficult to implement change based on research evidence in ... More


Diffusion MRI in Epilepsy

Rajkumar Munian Govindan and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Diffusion MRI facilitates the measurement of water diffusion in specific spatial directions and is highly sensitive to microstructural changes in neural tissue. This chapter provides an overview of ... More


Networks, Diffusion, and Cycles of Collective Action

Pamela E. Oliver and Daniel J. Myers

in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251780
eISBN:
9780191599057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251789.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Uses simulation models to explore network mechanisms in diffusion processes and protest cycles. The network dimension is taken into account, focusing on three processes: information flows, influence ... More


Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Rolf Hempelmann

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book provides an account of quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) which has made many important contributions to the atomistic elucidation of diffusion processes in solids. The unique feature of ... More


Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases provides an introduction to the rapidly developing theory of dissipative gas dynamics — a theory which has mainly evolved over the last decade. The book ... More


Brownian Motion: Fluctuations, Dynamics, and Applications

Robert M. Mazo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199556441
eISBN:
9780191705625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556441.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Brownian motion is the incessant motion of small particles immersed in an ambient medium. It is due to fluctuations in the motion of the medium particles on the molecular scale. The name has been ... More


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