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Greek Prepositions: From Antiquity to the Present

Pietro Bortone

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199556854
eISBN:
9780191721571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556854.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

New prepositions in Greek express solely spatial meanings, simultaneously lost by their older synonyms, whose use becomes restricted to non‐spatial senses—unless a recent synonym is not available. In ... More


Periphrasis: The Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms

Marina Chumakina and Greville Corbett (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265253
eISBN:
9780191760419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265253.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Periphrasis is the phenomenon, well attested in the languages of the world, where a grammatical meaning which we expect to be expressed within a word actually has a syntactic expression. This means ... More


Instability in Stability: Therapeutic and Elaborative Periphrasis in the Dalabon Pronominal Prefix Paradigm

Nicholas Evans

in Periphrasis: The Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265253
eISBN:
9780191760419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265253.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Periphrasis has a striking role in the Australian (non-Pama-Nyungan) language Dalabon, where it helps to maintain the paradigm structure, and at the same time reshapes the paradigm by adding new ... More


Introduction: Defectiveness: Typology and Diachrony

Matthew Baerman and Greville G. Corbett

in Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264607
eISBN:
9780191734366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264607.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

A defective word is defined by paradigm as incomplete compared with the major class it belongs to. Defectiveness signifies the unwanted intrusion of morphological idiosyncrasy into syntax. Although ... More


Universals Constrain Change; Change Results in Typological Generalizations

Paul Kiparsky

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter presents an absolute explanation for universal patterns. The following criteria should converge to identify true universals: (1) universals have no exceptions (for what does not arise by ... More


Creating Economical Morphosyntactic Patterns in Language Change *

Martin Haspelmath

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter presents five main points. First is that a very large number of morphosyntactic implicational universals can be explained by invoking economic motivation: more frequently used ... More


The study of semantic alignment: retrospect and state of the art

Søren Wichmann

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This introductory chapter presents the background of the book, discusses the new term ‘semantic alignment’ and related terminology, traces major developments in the study of semantic alignment, ... More


Split intransitives, experiencer objects, and ‘transimpersonal’ constructions: (re‐)establishing the connection

Andrej Malchukov

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter shows that a number of split intransitive languages have developed from re-analysis of transimpersonal experiencer object constructions. More generally, it is argued that split ... More


Losing semantic alignment: from Proto‐Yeniseic to Modern Ket

Edward J. Vajda

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Proto-Yeniseic possessed a type of semantic alignment whereby subject and object NPs were zero marked and most undergoer subjects generated verb-internal agreement. Modern Ket exhibits a more complex ... More


The rise and fall of semantic alignment in North Halmahera, Indonesia

Gary Holton

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter compares alignment patterns across the North Halmaheran (West Papuan) languages, concluding that formal patterns of alignment are inherently unstable. Semantically aligned systems are ... More


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