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Diversity and Dynamics of Californian Subtidal Kelp Forests

Michael Graham, Ben Halpern, and Mark Carr

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter describes the geology, oceanography, and patterns of biogeography of the California kelp forests. The structure and biodiversity of the kelp forest food web for all trophic guilds is ... More


Adding the Ecosystem

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how nutrient recycling and decomposition affect the dynamics and stability of food webs. It first reviews some of the existing theory on detritus and food web dynamics before ... More


Primary producers: plant production and its availability

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Within the estuarine ecosystem there may be several sources of plant production, including salt marsh plants, eel grass, or sea weeds. Growing directly on the surface of the mudflats may be ... More


Bigger is Better: The Role of Whales as Detritus in Marine Ecosystems

CRAIG R. SMITH

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses current ecosystem responses to the input of whale detritus. It then estimates the effects of industrial whaling on the production of dead whales and speculates on the ... More


Enrichment, trophic structure, and stability

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on how enrichment at the base of a food web or food chain influences trophic structure, energy flow, dynamics, and stability. Included in enrichment is new living biomass ... More


Retrospection and Review

J. A. ESTES, D. P. DEMASTER, R. L. BROWNELL JR, D. F. DOAK, and T. M. WILLIAMS

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews the book's content, written with the intent of revisiting initial goals, assessing the degree to which the book has succeeded in achieving these goals, and providing some ... More


Models of simple and complex systems

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter tackles four distinct objectives. The first is that it presents the general approach to developing the models of simple and complex systems which are to be used throughout the book in ... More


Diet, digestion, and defecation

Jill Lancaster and Barbara J. Downes

in Aquatic Entomology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573219
eISBN:
9780191774850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573219.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter begins with a general description of the structure and functions of the main parts of the insect alimentary system, and how they differ among taxa according to their diet. The alimentary ... More


Facilitative and Competitive Interactions in Giant Kelp Forests

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses detached giant kelp communities. Kelp populations are exceptionally productive and an estimated 80% of the productivity ends up as detached detritus. Detritus from Macrocystis, ... More


Grazing in Kelp Communities

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the facilitative and competitive interactions in giant kelp communities. Broadly defined, facilitation denotes positive interactions between species where at least one species ... More


Predation and Trophic Cascades in Kelp Communities

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses grazing, which is the major agent of loss of kelp second to water motion and natural senescence of fronds. A rich and diverse array of species makes their living feeding on ... More


Dematerializing Culture: Faulkner’s Trash Aesthetic

Patricia Yaeger

in Faulkner and Material Culture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617037122
eISBN:
9781604731637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617037122.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter describes how objects that can be considered as trash or detritus have become objects of aesthetic ecstasy for centuries. It is not until the twentieth century, however, that a ... More


Further Travels of Energy in the Biosphere

E. C. Pielou

in The Energy of Nature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226668062
eISBN:
9780226668055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226668055.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Chapter 11 showed that nearly 2 billion (2 × 1018) kJ of solar energy are captured each year by photosynthesizing plants. What becomes of all the captured energy? Some of it travels from plants to ... More


Tamarix as Invertebrate Habitat

Stephanie Strudley and Peter Dalin

in Tamarix: A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199898206
eISBN:
9780190267896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199898206.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the impact of tamarisk on the use of riparian habitats by invertebrates with respect to detritus quality and quantity, predator-prey relationships, food sources, and vegetation ... More


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