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Feferman on Gödel and free will: A response to Chapter 6

J.R. LUCAS

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a response to Solomon Feferman's discussion in Chapter 6. Feferman is right to dismiss logical determinism perfunctorily, although it puzzled Aristotle and the mediaeval ... More


Schleiermacher on Religion and the Natural Order

Andrew C. Dole

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195341171
eISBN:
9780199866908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341171.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book reconstructs Friedrich Schleiermacher's understanding of religion and sets this reconstruction into the intellectual and political context of Schleiermacher's work. It is common in the ... More


Types of Determinism

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Four sorts of determinism have at various times been put forward, and have been felt to threaten the freedom of the will and human responsibility. They are: logical determinism, theological ... More


Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Ishtiyaque Haji

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To have free will with respect to an act is to have the ability both to perform and to refrain from performing it. This book argues that no one can have practical reasons of a certain sort—“objective ... More


The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Hud Hudson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This collection of chapters on metaphysics and philosophy of religion is organized around the theme of hyperspace. The book contains critical discussions and evaluations of some non-theistic reasons ... More


Kant's Theory of Action

Richard McCarty

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The theory of action underlying Immanuel Kant's moral theory is the subject of this book. What “maxims” are, and how we act on maxims, are explained here in light of both the historical context of ... More


Gödel’s incompleteness theorems, free will and mathematical thought

SOLOMON FEFERMAN

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The determinism-free will debate is perhaps as old as philosophy itself and has been engaged in from a great variety of points of view including those of scientific, theological, and logical ... More


Moral responsibility and the concept of agency

HELEN STEWARD

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues for the incompatibility of moral responsibility and determinism. The real reason why determinism and moral responsibility are inconsistent is not moral, but metaphysical. The real ... More


Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays

Gary Watson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199272273
eISBN:
9780191709968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272273.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume collects most of the author's publications on human action since the 1970s. The essays collected here are concerned to answer the questions ‘What makes us agents?’ and ‘What makes us ... More


Free Will and Luck

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305043
eISBN:
9780199786015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305043.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book aims to help readers think more clearly about free will. It identifies and makes vivid the most important conceptual obstacles to the justified belief in the existence of free will, and ... More


Mind and Brain: A Theory of Determinism, Volume 1

Ted Honderich

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242826
eISBN:
9780191680588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book considers the exact nature of the relation between mental and neural events, how both sorts of events come about, and their relation to actions. The answers that the book provides ... More


Past, Present and Future

Arthur Prior

Published in print:
1967
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243113
eISBN:
9780191680632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243113.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book is a sequel to Time and Modality. Many problems raised in that book have been resolved, and new ones have been raised in their turn. The author has recorded some of these developments, and ... More


Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation

Martha Klein

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248347
eISBN:
9780191681134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248347.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book casts new light on the classic dispute between ‘compatibilists’ and ‘incompatibilists’ about determinism and moral responsibility. The book argues that the traditional account of the ... More


The Consequences of Determinism: A Theory of Determinism Volume 2

Ted Honderich

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242833
eISBN:
9780191680595
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242833.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This text, originally Part Three of the single-volume hardback edition, poses the following question: if determinism is true, and free will an illusion, what are the consequences? The book maintains ... More


The Freedom of the Will

J. R. Lucas

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

The three great problems of philosophy, according to Kant, are God, freedom, and immortality. Of these, freedom, that is, the Freedom of the Will, is the one most accessible to reason, and has ... More


Prediction

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Not every prediction poses a problem for freedom. Most of our actual predictions about human actions profess both to be fallible and to be dependent on the agent concerned. There is nearly always the ... More


Philosophical Relativity

Peter Unger

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155532
eISBN:
9780199833818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515553X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Challenges the deeply held assumption that many of the most central philosophical problems admit of deterministic, objective solutions. The position argued for here, philosophical relativism, is the ... More


Logical Determinism or Fatalism

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Logical determinism fails through indefiniteness. The logician may be able to ascribe a truth-value to propositions before they have ‘come true’ (or not), but he cannot ascribe a definite one. Some ... More


Physical Determinism

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Physical determinism is easily the most important type of determinism today. It is the only one that poses a credible threat to freedom. None of the other sorts of determinism are convincing, even ... More


Reformulation of Physical Determinism

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Hempel's account of a regularity explanation needs amplification. The usual symbolism of formal logic presents some difficulties, as it is unable to distinguish ‘accidental’ universal statements ... More


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