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The Varieties of Activity Detectors

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

Metabolic measurements are sensitive to the activity level of the animal being measured. This chapter describes the various technologies available for recording the activity level of a study organism ... More


Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

L. Weiskrantz

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Damage to a particular area of the brain — the neocortex — is generally understood to result in blindness. Studies of some patients who have suffered from this form of blindness have nevertheless ... More


Quantum Optics

John Garrison and Raymond Chiao

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Quantum optics is the field of physics describing the interaction of individual photons with matter, but in recent years it has expanded beyond pure physics to become an important driving force for ... More


Elementary Signal Detection Theory

Thomas D. Wickens

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195092509
eISBN:
9780199893812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092509.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Signal detection theory describes how an observer makes decisions about weak, uncertain, or ambiguous events or signals. It is widely applied in psychology, medicine, and other related fields. This ... More


Laser and interstellar communications

Vladilen Letokhov and Sveneric Johansson

in Astrophysical Lasers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548279
eISBN:
9780191720512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548279.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. It discusses the discovery of astrophysical lasers and then considers the laser effect and the difficulty of detecting it ... More


Screening: Evidence and practice

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book presents a wealth of experience derived from improvements in UK screening over recent years and it covers all aspects of screening. The first four chapters of the book deal with concepts, ... More


Three More Paradigms and Transducer Functions

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter continues Chapter 9's description of identification experiments by describing three more paradigms: simple detection and identification; the 2x2 paradigm; and concurrent identification. ... More


The perceptual world of the dog

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a short overview on the perceptual abilities of dogs. Vision, audition, and olfaction are described in detail, including the possible experimental methods which could be used ... More


Photon detection

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a brief description of methods of primary photon detection: the photoelectric effect, rectifying detection, photothermal effects, photon beam amplifiers, ... More


The Golden: Relational Values, Realism and A Moral Sense

P. J. E. Kail

in Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199229505
eISBN:
9780191710728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229505.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter shows how the projection of pleasure and pain can be integrated into a subtle form of realism. It is argued that Hume's account of the moral sense can be seen as modelled on a view of ... More


Visual Pattern Analyzers

Norma Van Surdam Graham

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

From the light that falls on the retina, the visual system must extract meaningful information about what is where in our environment. At an early stage in this process, it analyzes the incoming ... More


Effects of cochlear damage on temporal resolution and temporal integration

Brian C. J. Moore

in Perceptual Consequences of Cochlear Damage

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523307
eISBN:
9780191712456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523307.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter describes temporal integration, the process whereby the auditory system combines information over time, and temporal resolution, the ability to detect changes in the time pattern of ... More


The International response to the outbreak of SARS, 2003

David L. Heymann

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

On 15 March 2003, the WHO issued an emergency alert to a novel severe disease spreading along the routes of international air travel. A case definition was provided and the new disease was named ... More


Good‐Enough Representation in Plural and Singular Pronominal Reference: Modulating the Conjunction Cost

Sungryong Koh, Anthony J. Sanford, Charles Clifton Jr., and Eugene J. Dawydiak

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

When two individuals have been linked by a connective, a complex reference object is formed, and subsequent reference by plural anaphors rather than singular ones is preferred. Two reading time and ... More


Nanobiosensors

Tza‐Huei Wang, Kelvin Liu, Hsin‐Chih Yeh, and Christopher M. Puleo

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter discusses and provides insight into state of the art nanobiosensors used in high sensitivity molecular analysis and detection. It begins with an introduction into the fundamental ... More


Bird census and survey techniques

Richard D. Gregory, David W. Gibbons, and Paul F. Donald

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on field survey and census techniques, the difference between one-off surveys and long-term year-on-year monitoring of birds in particular study areas. It is concerned with ... More


Atomic Force Microscopy

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses atomic force microscopy (AFM), focusing on the methods for atomic force detection. Although the force detection always requires a cantilever, there are two types of modes: the ... More


Detection: Market-Based Evidence

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on evidence derived from the observation of market conditions and behavior that bears on the presence of successful oligopolistic coordination. There are a number of ways to ... More


Detection: Other Types of Evidence

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter first considers the degree to which industry conditions are conducive to successful coordination and also elaborates on the relevance of this inquiry, which is particularly important in ... More


Liability Assessment

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter emphasizes that the internal sources of information discussed in the previous chapter are complementary to each other and to market-based techniques. In deciding whether to assign ... More


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