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Limits Of Utilitarianism As The Ethical Basis Of Publicaction *

Prasanta K. Pattanaik

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Though utilitarianism has been highly influential as a normative theory of public action, it has faced many searching criticisms throughout its history. In welfare economics, where the dominant ... More


Democracy and Rationality: A Dialogue With Hilary Putnam

Linda Alcoff

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Alcoff, accepting Hilary Putnam's conclusion that rationality and democratic values are intrinsically connected, investigates the implications of his claim. Alcoff urges Putnam to devote more thought ... More


The Nature and Attraction of Esteem

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

in The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Social esteem is to be distinguished from a variety of other attitudes like love and admiration or, on the negative side, hate or disgust. Positive esteem is something that we human beings find ... More


Value, Desire, and Quality of Life

Thomas Scanlon

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Scanlon questions the adequacy of desire as a measure of quality of life, arguing instead, for exploring an approach based on a critical scrutiny of a substantive list of elements that make human ... More


How the Poor Are Working

Gary S. Fields

in Working Hard, Working Poor: A Global Journey

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794645
eISBN:
9780199928606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794645.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

Many people in the developing world and the great majority in the developed world have little or no knowledge of how people in low- and middle-income countries work. This chapter provides the answer, ... More


Demographic Transition, Childless Families, and Economic Growth

Francis T. Lui

in The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change in East Asia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386850
eISBN:
9780226386881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226386881.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The status of being married, having siblings, and living in a larger house all have positive impacts on the number of desired children. Further, schooling, age, experience of work, and commuting time ... More


Market Objectivity

André Orléan

in The Empire of Value: A New Foundation for Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262026970
eISBN:
9780262323901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026970.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Neoclassical theory proceeds from an analysis of individual preferences, a set of objective facts about which economics has nothing to say. From this arises the doctrine of the utilitarian ... More


Context Is More Important Than Keynes Realized

Robert H. Frank

in Revisiting Keynes: Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162494
eISBN:
9780262281331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162494.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter illustrates how context shapes demand, and uses the boundlessness of human desire—an aspect that Keynes was quick to dismiss—as an example. Keynes seems to have believed that context ... More


Mispredicting Utility

Bruno S. Frey

in Happiness: A Revolution in Economics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062770
eISBN:
9780262273213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062770.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter explores whether, to what extent, and where a person commits systematic errors in his/her consumption decisions. The issue of misprediction is impossible to analyze in standard theory ... More


What Do We Know?

Bruno S. Frey and Jana Gallus

in Honours versus Money: The Economics of Awards

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198798507
eISBN:
9780191839474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798507.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Awards directly and succinctly cater to one of the major human desires, namely, to be recognized and appreciated. Awards can raise recipients’ intrinsic motivation, make them more creative, and ... More


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