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Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Samuel Scheffler

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book is a collection of 11 essays written from a perspective that is at once sympathetic towards, and critical of, liberalism and liberal political philosophy. The essays explore the capacity of ... More


Equality and Responsibility

Christopher Lake

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

These days, arguments about distributive justice—i.e. arguments about who should get what—often centre around two ideas. One is that goods should be distributed equally. The other is that how people ... More


The Philosophy of Criminal Law: Selected Essays

Douglas Husak

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199585038
eISBN:
9780191723476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585038.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Husak reprints 15 of his earlier essays in the philosophy of criminal law (and add two previously unpublished pieces) collected from philosophy journals, law reviews, and book chapters. These ... More


Left‐Liberalism Revisited

Will Kymlicka

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers how the left’s traditionally uneasy relationship with liberalism has been challenged by recent left-wing engagements with liberal conceptions of equality, of which Cohen’s work ... More


Choice and Incentive Inequality

Susan Hurley

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the implications of self-interest for equality in the context of the ‘luck egalitarian’ view that an individual’s wealth is justly owned only if it is the result of a responsible ... More


The Desert of the Best Qualified

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the most obvious way of developing a meritocratic account, one in terms of the idea of desert. According to this approach, the best-qualified candidates should be appointed to ... More


The Desert Fathers on Monastic Community

Graham Gould

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263456
eISBN:
9780191682551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263456.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This book studies the life and thought of the Christian monks of 4th- and 5th-century lower Egypt. It works from collections of their sayings and stories which were compiled in the late 5th century ... More


The United Kingdom: Plurality Rule Under Siege

Paul Mitchell

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

‘Times they are a-changing . . .’ is at the source of the Westminster model. Or are they? Electoral reformers are still trying to replace Britain’s single-member plurality electoral system with some ... More


Bleached Foundations

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Focuses on the development of justice‐based theory, predominantly after the publication of John Rawls Theory of Justice in 1971. After an overview of the concept of justice, it provides a critical ... More


Conclusion

GRAHAM GOULD

in The Desert Fathers on Monastic Community

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263456
eISBN:
9780191682551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263456.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The arguments of this work have clearly shown that the teaching of the Egyptian Desert Fathers on the monastic life was profoundly concerned not only with such subjects as asceticism, prayer, and ... More


The Basis of Equality

Thomas Christiano

in The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198297475
eISBN:
9780191716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297475.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter sketches a foundational defense of the principle of equality of advancement of interests. The argument proceeds by showing that justice is grounded in the dignity of persons. The dignity ... More


Why Work?

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 7 considers recent theoretical attempts to tie the claiming to social benefits to a willingness to work—attempts that come not from the right of the political spectrum but from the egalitarian ... More


Justice and Desert in Liberal Theory *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Scheffler identifies and interprets the core ideas in John Rawls's discussion of desert in A Theory of Justice. The conjunction of these ideas, which Scheffler terms the ‘Liberal Theory’ of desert, ... More


Procedural Justice

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians such as Nozick and Hayek define justice in procedural terms. Nozick takes for granted the liberal idea of property, but in fact this is historically contingent and other conceptions of ... More


Distributive Justice

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Could a market economy produce outcomes that meet our criteria of distributive justice? Some egalitarians, such as Carens, have proposed that markets should govern production but not distribution, ... More


The Geometry of Desert

Shelly Kagan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199895595
eISBN:
9780199980093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895595.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

People differ in terms of how morally deserving they are. And it is a good thing if people get what they deserve. Accordingly, it is important to work out an adequate theory of moral desert. But ... More


Forgiveness and Love

Glen Pettigrove

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646555
eISBN:
9780191741975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646555.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What is forgiveness? When is it appropriate? How is it facilitated or inhibited? Answering these questions on one way rather than another has the potential to alter our lives and our relationships in ... More


Responsibility, Reactive Attitudes, and Liberalism in Philosophy and Politics *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

During the 1980s, political liberalism in America came under heavy attack from conservatives, who claimed that liberal policies and programmes rested on a reduced conception of individual ... More


Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Carl Knight and Zofia Stemplowska (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Under what conditions are people responsible for their choices and the outcomes of those choices? How could such conditions be fostered by liberal societies? Should what people are due as a matter of ... More


Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Fred Feldman

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hedonism is the view that the Good Life is the pleasant life. The central aim of this book is to show that, when carefully and charitably interpreted, certain forms of hedonism yield plausible ... More


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