Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 48 items

  • Keywords: descriptivism x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Sorting Out Ethics

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is divided into three parts: in Part I, R. M. Hare offers a justification for the use of philosophy of language in the treatment of moral questions, together with an overview of his moral ... More


Freedom and Reason

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Concerns the apparent antinomy between freedom and reason. Rationality appears to be a restraint on freedom, whereas freedom seems to be incompatible with rationality. Rejecting rationality to ... More


Cognitivist Expressivism

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter challenges the so-called semantic assumption — according to which beliefs are necessarily descriptive in that they purport to represent or describe some state of affairs — by arguing ... More


Truth and the Expressing in Expressivism

Stephen Barker

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter proposes a new framework for metaethical expressivism that involves a combination of several elements. First, it claims that evaluative sentences are used to make genuine assertions, and ... More


Bad Language: Realism versus Relativism

Edwin L. Battistella

in Bad Language: Are Some Words Better than Others?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172485
eISBN:
9780199788187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172485.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter raises some broad issues of tradition versus innovation in culture to place the discussion of realism in language into perspective. Topics covered include the meaning of the phrase, “bad ... More


Remarks on the philosophy of names

John M. Anderson

in The Grammar of Names

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297412
eISBN:
9780191711176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Thinking about names has exercised most of the leading figures in philosophy. However, Mill's work brought into focus what has remained perhaps the major issue, arising from his contention that names ... More


Taxonomy

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare explains what he means by ‘Ethical Theory’, and what he means by ‘Taxonomy’. Ethical theory, which Hare contrasts to ‘moral theory’, is a purely formal discipline that is concerned with the ... More


Wilfrid Sellars’s Anti-Descriptivism

Kevin Scharp

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The work of Kripke, Putnam, Kaplan, and others initiated a tradition that has come to be known as anti-descriptivism. This chapter argues that when properly interpreted, Sellars is a staunch ... More


Individual Representationalism after Mid‐Century: Preliminaries

Tyler Burge

in Origins of Objectivity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581405
eISBN:
9780191723223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581405.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on relations between second-family Individual Representationalism and other standpoints that either reinforced it or began to undermine it. Sense-data theory was the prevailing ... More


Analysis, Description, and the A Priori?

Simon Blackburn

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is an expanded version of a review of Frank Jackson's From Metaphysics to Ethics that the author wrote for the Australasian Journal of Philosophy. It attempts to sketch the essence of ... More


Analytical Moral Functionalism Meets Moral Twin Earth

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In chapters 4 and 5 of his 1998 book From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis, Frank Jackson propounds and defends a form of moral realism that he calls both ‘moral functionalism’ ... More


Singular Thought: In Defence of Acquaintance *

François Recanati

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that singular thought about an object involves nondescriptive or de re ways of thinking of that object, that is, modes of presentation resting on contextual relations of ... More


Mental Files

François Recanati

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659982
eISBN:
9780191745409
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659982.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book attempts to recast the ‘nondescriptivist’ approach to reference that has dominated the philosophy of language and mind in the late twentieth-century in terms of mental files. According to ... More


Rigid Designation and Its Lessons for the Semantic Contents of Proper Names

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The chapter explains the idea that names are rigid designators, and how it is used in Kripke's modal argument against the view that names are synonymous with descriptions associated with them by ... More


Analytical Descriptivism

Frank Jackson

in From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250616
eISBN:
9780191597787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250614.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter gives more detail on how to identify ethical properties with descriptive ones using the roles the former play in folk morality. The construction uses the Lewis–Carnap–Ramsey way of ... More


Descriptivism and the Error Theory

R. M. Hare

in Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare explicates descriptivism and J. L. Mackie's error theory and explains what is wrong with them with respect to moral disagreement and the prescriptive force of moral terms. The meaning of moral ... More


Naturalism

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Naturalism is a species of descriptivism, and is described as the proposal to specify the truth conditions of moral statements without reference to moral words, i.e. without reference to the ... More


Emotivism

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The thesis of Emotivism, a species of non‐descriptivism, is that there is more to the meaning of moral statements than syntax and truth conditions; in particular, moral statements have an expressive, ... More


On Whether the Distinction Assigns to Rigidity the Right Role

LaPorte Joseph

in Rigid Designation and Theoretical Identities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609208
eISBN:
9780191745027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609208.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

In this chapter, it is argued that the distinction defended in chapter 1 is a genuine rigid — nonrigid distinction because it assigns the right role to rigidity and nonrigidity. Rigidity performs the ... More


Platonism vs. Nominalism in Contemporary Musical Ontology

Andrew Kania

in Art and Abstract Objects

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691494
eISBN:
9780191746277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691494.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Ontological theories of musical works fall into two broad classes, according to whether they take musical works to be abstract objects of some sort. The chapter uses the terms ‘Platonism’ and ... More


View: