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Functional Organization of Neurons and Dendrites

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on the neuron doctrine. The neuron doctrine arose as an organizing principle for the nervous system in the late 19th century. The advances in the 1950s provided the ... More


The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Synapses are the contact sites that enable neurons to form connections between each other in order to transmit and process neural information. Synaptic organization is concerned with the principles ... More


Motoneurones: morphology, cytology, and topographical organization

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the morphology of individual gamma and (mainly) alpha motoneurones as well as the composition and localization of motoneuronal populations (pools) innervating different muscles ... More


Current Sources in a Homogeneous and Isotropic Medium

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

in Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195050387
eISBN:
9780199865673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter demonstrates the relationship of current sources to recorded potentials in volume conductors using a simple salt water fish tank experiment consisting of a dipole current source and ... More


Neocortex

RODNEY DOUGLAS, HENRY MARKRAM, and KEVAN MARTIN

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter focuses on the structure and function of the microcircuits of the neocortex and their components. Topics covered include embryonic development, neuronal elements, synaptic connections, ... More


Developmental Profile of Newly Generated Granule Cells in the Adult Rodent Dentate Gyrus

Charles E. Ribak, Zachary D. Perez, and Lee A. Shapiro

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter focuses on the newly generated dentate granule cells in the adult rodent and describes the developmental profile of their dendrites and axons. Topics covered include progenitor cell ... More


SOLIDIFICATION AND ELECTRO-DEPOSITION

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the morphological instabilities of interfaces between the liquid and solid phases as the phase transformation process is completed. It first presents the problem of melting and ... More


Santiago Ramón y Cajal: From Nerve Nets to Neuron Doctrine

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Scientists knew very little about neurons in the 1870s, uncertain about whether closely associated fibers grow from the cell body and about their respective functions. Scientists also wondered ... More


Effects of Ethanol on Mechanisms Regulating Neuronal Process Outgrowth

Tara A. Lindsley

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter summarizes the effects of ethanol on the outgrowth and maturation of dendrites and axons, focusing on central nervous system neurons developing in vivo or in vitro. Selected observations ... More


The Anatomist’s Eye

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

After an adventurous boyhood, Ramon y Cajal is persuaded by his father to study medicine. Inspired by the results of the Golgi staining method, he commences a thorough study of the structure of the ... More


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