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Functional Organization of Neurons and Dendrites

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on the neuron doctrine. The neuron doctrine arose as an organizing principle for the nervous system in the late 19th century. The advances in the 1950s provided the ... More


The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Synapses are the contact sites that enable neurons to form connections between each other in order to transmit and process neural information. Synaptic organization is concerned with the principles ... More


Motoneurones: morphology, cytology, and topographical organization

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the morphology of individual gamma and (mainly) alpha motoneurones as well as the composition and localization of motoneuronal populations (pools) innervating different muscles ... More


Current Sources in a Homogeneous and Isotropic Medium

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

in Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195050387
eISBN:
9780199865673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter demonstrates the relationship of current sources to recorded potentials in volume conductors using a simple salt water fish tank experiment consisting of a dipole current source and ... More


Developmental Profile of Newly Generated Granule Cells in the Adult Rodent Dentate Gyrus

Charles E. Ribak, Zachary D. Perez, and Lee A. Shapiro

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter focuses on the newly generated dentate granule cells in the adult rodent and describes the developmental profile of their dendrites and axons. Topics covered include progenitor cell ... More


Neocortex

RODNEY DOUGLAS, HENRY MARKRAM, and KEVAN MARTIN

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter focuses on the structure and function of the microcircuits of the neocortex and their components. Topics covered include embryonic development, neuronal elements, synaptic connections, ... More


SOLIDIFICATION AND ELECTRO-DEPOSITION

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the morphological instabilities of interfaces between the liquid and solid phases as the phase transformation process is completed. It first presents the problem of melting and ... More


Effects of Ethanol on Mechanisms Regulating Neuronal Process Outgrowth

Tara A. Lindsley

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter summarizes the effects of ethanol on the outgrowth and maturation of dendrites and axons, focusing on central nervous system neurons developing in vivo or in vitro. Selected observations ... More


Santiago Ramón y Cajal: From Nerve Nets to Neuron Doctrine

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Scientists knew very little about neurons in the 1870s, uncertain about whether closely associated fibers grow from the cell body and about their respective functions. Scientists also wondered ... More


The Neural Basis of Free Will: Criterial Causation

Peter Ulric Tse

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262019101
eISBN:
9780262313155
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019101.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The issues of mental causation, consciousness, and free will have vexed philosophers since Plato. This book examines these unresolved issues from a neuroscientific perspective. In contrast with ... More


Plastic Reason: An Anthropology of Brain Science in Embryogenetic Terms

Tobias Rees

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520288126
eISBN:
9780520963177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288126.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Throughout the twentieth century, neuronal researchers knew the adult human brain to be a thoroughly fixed and immutable cellular structure, devoid of any developmental potential. This book is a ... More


The Anatomist’s Eye

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

After an adventurous boyhood, Ramon y Cajal is persuaded by his father to study medicine. Inspired by the results of the Golgi staining method, he commences a thorough study of the structure of the ... More


Dendrites

Greg Stuart, Nelson Spruston, and Michael Häusser (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Dendrites are complex neuronal structures that receive and integrate synaptic input from other nerve cells. They therefore play a critical role in brain function. Although dendrites were discovered ... More


Dendrites

Greg Stuart, Nelson Spruston, and Michael Häusser (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Dendrites form the major receiving part of neurons. It is within these highly complex, branching structures that the real work of the nervous system takes place. The dendrites of neurons receive ... More


Dendrite structure

John C. Fiala, Josef Spacek, and Kristen M. Harris

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Dendrites are extensions of the cell body of the neuron specialized for receiving and processing synaptic inputs. Dendrites exhibit enormously diverse forms. In many cases the shape of the dendritic ... More


Evolution and scaling of dendrites

Gayle M Wittenberg and Samuel S.-H Wang

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Dendrites, the neuronal processes that receive synaptic inputs, are found in all nervous systems. The great diversity of dendrites, both within individual species and across phylogeny, reflects their ... More


RNA targeting, trafficking, and translation in dendrites: Contribution to synaptic tagging and plasticity

Lindy Barrett and James Eberwine

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

It is well established that a subset of proteins can be translated in dendrites independently of the cell soma. Recent studies have begun to elucidate the dynamic regulation and functional ... More


An historical perspective on modeling dendrites

Wilfrid Rall

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The advent of microelectrode recordings from neurons with branching dendritic trees presented a new problem for neurophysiologists: how to interpret the data obtained from these non-isopotential ... More


Dendritic integration

Nelson Spruston, Greg Stuart, and Michael Häusser

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The essence of neuronal function is to generate outputs, usually in the form of action potentials, in response to inputs, in the form of synaptic potentials. The morphology and membrane properties of ... More


Dendrites as transmitters

Troy W. Margrie and Nathaniel Urban

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Classically, dendrites have been considered to be passive structures that receive signals and do little else. It is now established that dendrites are significantly more complex than originally ... More


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