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The ACE Simulator and the Cybernetic Model

Michael Woodger

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the ACE simulator and the Cybernetic Model. The ACE simulator was a demonstration machine built as an aid to the visualization of binary operations. Designed by D. W. Davies ... More


Referential Function (II)

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I fulfils its referential function in the deictic mode. Deictic terms fulfil their referential role by the action of making an individual salient. That is the genus to which ... More


Referential Function (I)

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The referential function of any singular term is to provide a positive answer to the question: ‘which individual is being spoken of?’, that is, to achieve determinacy of reference. What enables a ... More


The Democratic Culture of Unified Germany

Dieter Fuchs

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Taking the example of unified Germany, this chapter examines how a democratic culture can develop among people who have lived for decades in an autocratic state. The first section outlines the ... More


Demonstrating and Necessity (2002) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter investigates the philosophical semantics of demonstratives. It is argued that Kaplan endorses Frege's thesis that a demonstration supplements a demonstrative (the bare expression) to ... More


Applications of the Pilot ACE and the DEUCE

Tom Vickers

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses applications of the Pilot ACE. These applications include linear equations, photogrammetry, traffic simulation, matrix programmes, demonstration programmes, and ... More


Logic and Science

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter begins with Avicenna’s metatheory of logic, which underlies his philosophy of science and theory of knowledge (˓ilm). It then considers Avicenna’s scientific realism and the relation he ... More


Lucian's On Dancing and the Models for a Discourse on Pantomime *

Karin Schlapbach

in New Directions in Ancient Pantomime

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232536
eISBN:
9780191716003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232536.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines Lucian's On Dancing, one of the few surviving examples of a discourse offering a sustained treatment of pantomime dancing. The chapter aims to show that the use of rhetorical ... More


Designing on-site activities

Susan K. Jacobson, Mallory D. McDuff, and Martha C. Monroe

in Conservation Education and Outreach Techniques

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567714
eISBN:
9780191718311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567714.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

On-site activities can enhance first-hand experiences with natural areas by orienting, informing, and stimulating visitors. The development of on-site activities considers the visitor experience, ... More


Jewish Moral Thought and Practical Wisdom

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the main points of comparison and contrast between Jewish thought and the practical wisdom approach to ethics, with Aristotle's conception of it as the guiding example. The ... More


Wedding Garments and Holy Yokes: Celibacy and Holiness in Aphrahat, the Persian Sage

Naomi Koltun-Fromm

in Hermeneutics of Holiness: Ancient Jewish and Christian Notions of Sexuality and Religious Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736485
eISBN:
9780199866427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736485.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the fourth-century Syriac Christian writer Aphrahat, known as the “Persian Sage” and his construct of holiness and celibacy. Aphrahat, who administered to the small ... More


Al-Ghazālī on the Role of falsafa in Islam

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

This brief chapter discusses al-Ghazali’s attitude toward the tradition of Aristotelianism in Islam (falsafa). His criticism of twenty teachings held by Muslim Aristotelians (falasifa), and among ... More


Dressing for the Revolution

Kate Coleman

in The Free Speech Movement: Reflections on Berkeley in the 1960s

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222212
eISBN:
9780520928619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222212.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter provides another recount of experience as a student activist in the Free Speech Movement (FSM) at the University of California, Berkeley. It discusses the author's ... More


Unsettling Judgment: Knowledge, Belief, and the Crisis of Authority

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter traces the breakdown of the medieval vocabulary of justification that was characterized by certain knowledge on one hand (scientia) and probable belief on the other (opinio). Terms ... More


The Politics of Participation: From Athens to E-Democracy

Matt Qvortrup

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076589
eISBN:
9781781701560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076589.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

We live in an age of democracy. Very few people challenge the virtues of ‘government by the people’, yet, politicians and commentators are fond of decrying the ‘crisis of democracy’. How do these ... More


1963 and Me

ALLEN JONES and Mark Naison

in The Rat That Got Away: A Bronx Memoir

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823231027
eISBN:
9780823240821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823231027.003.0010
Subject:
History, Social History

The year 1963 has become a permanent part of the memory of every American who is old enough to remember the events of that year. That fateful year has meaning for Allen Jones's personal history as ... More


Legitimizing Authority: Dignity, Conviviality, and Celebration

John Miller

in Cities Divided: Politics and Religion in English Provincial Towns 1660-1722

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199288397
eISBN:
9780191710902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288397.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Corporations attempted to maintain dignity within their meetings and in their public appearances, most notably by wearing their gowns on formal occasions. They tried to maintain a sense of esprit de ... More


Open Quotation

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

This chapter draws a distinction between two types of quotation: ‘open’ and ‘closed’. Closed quotation is what is usually called ‘quotation’ in the philosophical literature. The concept of open ... More


Writing

Sam Rohdie

in Film Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992637
eISBN:
9781526104151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992637.003.0055
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

It is difficult if not impossible to know how Histoire(s) du cinéma was made. Certainly it is not a film in the ordinary way which follows a plan, still less a script, not at all a story or a ... More


Bios and Explanatory Unity in Aristotle's Biology

James G. Lennox

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses an issue raised in David Charles' Meaning and Essence in Aristotle, Chapter 12: can the intimate relationship between definition and explanation that Aristotle defends in the ... More


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