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Political Institutions and Welfare State Restructuring: The Impact of Institutions on Social Policy Change in Developed Democracies

Duane Swank

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Swank first provides an overview of two key domestic and ... More


The Economic Performance of Governments

Ian McAllister

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A major conclusion of this book is that there are few consistent trends in popular support for the political community but there is high and perhaps even growing support for democratic values and ... More


Democratic Institutions

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It was argued earlier that active civil rights require agencies to formulate, maintain, and harmonize them; the question arises then, whether there are any kinds of governmental agencies that would ... More


The Democratic Culture of Unified Germany

Dieter Fuchs

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Taking the example of unified Germany, this chapter examines how a democratic culture can develop among people who have lived for decades in an autocratic state. The first section outlines the ... More


Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Sean D. Ehrlich

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Access Points develops a new theory about how democratic institutions influence policy outcomes. Access Point Theory argues that the more points of access that institutions provide to ... More


Hungary: Understanding Western Messages

László Valki

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the Western influence on the democratic consolidation in Hungary in the 1980s and the 90s, focusing primarily on problems and conflicts, yet pointing out the historically unprecedented task ... More


Conclusions: The Growth of Critical Citizens and Its Consequences

Pippa Norris

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter considers four common claims that are made concerning the consequences of any erosion of confidence in the institutions of representative democracy and. the growth of critical ... More


International Peacebuilding through Democracy and Rule of Law Promotion: From the Cold War's End to the Peacebuilding Commission

Richard J. Ponzio

in Democratic Peacebuilding: Aiding Afghanistan and other Fragile States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594955
eISBN:
9780191725562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594955.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The origins and evolution of international peacebuilding in international politics are explored in Chapter 2. By citing relevant theoretical arguments and empirical data from ten peacebuilding ... More


Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity

Pierre Rosanvallon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149486
eISBN:
9781400838745
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149486.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It's a commonplace occurrence that citizens in Western democracies are disaffected with their political leaders and traditional democratic institutions. But this book argues that this crisis of ... More


Putting Candor First: Plebiscitarianism and the Politics of Candor

Jeffrey Green

in The Eyes of the People: Democracy in an Age of Spectatorship

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195372649
eISBN:
9780199871711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372649.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates how a plebiscitarian commitment to a politics of candor shapes a distinctive approach to reforming democratic institutions. Sections 6.2 through 6.5 explore the consequences ... More


A System of Rights

Rex Martin

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The justification of political authority (the authority of the state) is one of the long‐standing issues of political philosophy, and one that persistently defies satisfactory solution. This book ... More


Pragmatism and the Problem of Institutional Design

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter provides a basis for a pragmatist account of democracy. It specifies three features—fallibilism, anti-skepticism, and consequentialism—as central to pragmatism understood as a ... More


Democracy as a Gamble Worth Taking

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter returns to the metaphor of the maze and the masses introduced in the first chapter and addresses a few concerns about the possibility of democratic “unreason.” Introducing the ... More


The Institutions of Reflexivity

Pierre Rosanvallon

in Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149486
eISBN:
9781400838745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149486.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter turns to the increasingly active role of constitutional courts. These courts have established themselves—not without reservations and challenges—as an essential vector of the push for ... More


How to Value Democracy

Eric Beerbohm

in In Our Name: The Ethics of Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154619
eISBN:
9781400842384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154619.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter proposes a conception of democracy based on a system of shared liability and that captures the moral value of democratic institutions in a way that is more purely nonconsequentialist ... More


The Great Transformation

Pierre Rosanvallon

in Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149486
eISBN:
9781400838745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149486.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes the dawn of a new “age of particularity” which has changed what citizens expect from politics and fostered the emergence of new democratic institutions. More specifically, the ... More


Do Human Rights Require Democracy?

James Griffin

in On Human Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238781
eISBN:
9780191716478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238781.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question of whether human rights require democracy. Human rights and democracy have grown up to meet quite different needs. Human rights grew up to protect what we see as ... More


Justice and Accountability: The State

Mathias Risse

in On Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142692
eISBN:
9781400845507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142692.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines how the state might best live up to its obligation to be accountable. It first considers the notion of one ground being embedded in another, noting that since states are ... More


Political Institutions, Policy Bias, and Policy Complexity

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter introduces the main concepts discussed in the rest of the book, explains the contribution of the book to the relevant literatures in political science and economics, and provides a road ... More


Possibilities of Justice

Jeffrey C. Alexander

in The Civil Sphere

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162509
eISBN:
9780199943364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162509.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This book is about justice and about the democratic institutions and beliefs that can sustain justice in our massively complex and highly stratified world. Justice depends on solidarity, on the ... More


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