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Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most of their history human beings have lived in comparatively small and close‐knit societies, with a primitive technology that allowed them to affect only their most immediate environment. Their ... More


Introduction and Overview

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an overview of the five chapters (Chapter 2-6) in Part I of the book. It discusses the economic models that study the link between economic growth and the environment. It ... More


Facts on GHG Emissions and the Change in Average Global Surface Temperature

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes scientific knowledge concerning greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the change in global average surface temperature. It considers the climate system of the Earth is in terms of ... More


An Overview of Worlds A and B

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This book examines standardized form contracts, also known as boilerplate. In the past, “contract” was interpreted as a bargained-for exchange transaction between two parties who each consent to the ... More


Can Current Oversight Be Improved?

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines whether the standard judicial oversight of contract law could be improved to do a better job of alleviating normative and democratic degradation. It first considers whether ... More


Global Environmental Governance

Matthew Paterson

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The environment has emerged as a key issue in global politics since the early 1970s, and the issues that comprise the ‘environmental crisis’ are widely regarded to have had significant impacts on ... More


Ecological Degradation: A Cause for Conflict, a Concern for Survival

Koos Neefjes

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Koos Neefjes of Oxfam takes turmoil and instability as his starting point. How will carefully crafted sustainability and justice principles fare in zones of conflict? How can measurements of ... More


Resources, Environmental Degradation, and Inequality

Michael Redclift and Colin Sage

in Inequality, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295662
eISBN:
9780191599521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295669.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Identifies four critical dimensions of inequality that are relevant to any consideration of environment and resource degradation: first, the unequal distribution of historical responsibilities for ... More


Normative Degradation: Deleting Rights without Consent in the Name of Contract

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines the normative degradation caused by the apparent lack of consent to boilerplate. It first considers the varieties of nonconsent to which consent is contrasted, including ... More


Democratic Degradation: Replacing the Law of the State with the “Law” of the Firm

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter focuses on the democratic degradation that may be caused by the apparent replacement of the law of the state with the “law” of the firm when boilerplate is deployed in mass markets. It ... More


Adaptive radiation: diversity and specialization

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection in complex and structured environments is likely to cause the divergence of differently adapted lines. This will lead to a diverse array of specialized types, or to one or a few broad ... More


The Global Challenge of Sustainable Development

Mohamed T. El-Ashry

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter argues that the world's poor are the ones harmed the most by environmental degradation. This holds true because the poor are more directly dependent on local natural resources and are ... More


Whose Will? How Free?

George S Howard

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Science rarely allows its subject matter to show its ability to self-determine its actions. This chapter describes a method for quantifying the portion of variability in human behavior due to ... More


Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Adrian Newton

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Forest conservation has become one of the most important environmental issues currently facing humanity, as a result of widespread deforestation and forest degradation. Pressures on remaining natural ... More


Taxonomies

Colin Dayan

in The Law Is a White Dog: How Legal Rituals Make and Unmake Persons

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691070919
eISBN:
9781400838592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691070919.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter describes how Herman Melville recognized the existence of what he had once called not “ordinarily human”: the chattels that gave new meaning to persons, the human anomaly constituted by ... More


A Legal Ethnography

Colin Dayan

in The Law Is a White Dog: How Legal Rituals Make and Unmake Persons

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691070919
eISBN:
9781400838592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691070919.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines how judges determined the character of slaves. In the South, the adaptation of Lockean notions of personal identity to slaves was inextricably bound up with the understanding of ... More


Who Gets to Be Wanton?

Colin Dayan

in The Law Is a White Dog: How Legal Rituals Make and Unmake Persons

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691070919
eISBN:
9781400838592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691070919.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explains that in the trade-off between dignity and degradation, the rights of humans are pitted against the treatment of animals. Recall earlier discussions of retribution for unnatural ... More


Futurama: Greenetic Engineering for a Greener Tomorrow

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Designer plants for environmental sensing and remediation are currently being produced in research labs. One such plant is designed to detect and report the presence of explosives, such as TNT, which ... More


The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Göran Mäler (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This text is the second of two volumes. Two and a half billion people are affected directly on a day-to-day basis by the allocation and use of local resources. Yet ‘official’ development economics ... More


The Global Pollination Crisis

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the global pollination crisis. For nearly three decades now there has been evidence of declines in pollinators worldwide, and the problems were explicitly recognized in the ... More


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