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The Deep, the Cold, the Dark: Life at the End of the Line

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses deep-sea life, the largest life habitat on Earth. It focuses on the diversity of organisms living in the mesopelagic and bathypelagic depth zones of the ocean—that is, the ... More


Deep Sea

MARGARET A. NEIGHBORS and RAYMOND R. WILSON

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Below the euphotic epipelagic zone is the realm of deep-sea fishes. The depth zones of this major portion of the earth's oceans have been characterized by the physical features and types of organisms ... More


Abyssal Memories: A Thousand Holes in the Bottom of the Sea

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses geologic mapping and deep-sea drilling expeditions. It explains trends in climate and evolution based on samples from deep-sea drilling. Drilling sediments and shallow basement ... More


Light and the Optical Environment

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explains how humans, and nearly all animals on Earth, witness astonishing variation in their optical environment. Brightness changes by many orders of magnitude each day, and colors also ... More


Patterns in Deep-Sea Macroecology

Craig R. Mcclain, Michael A. Rex, and Ron J. Etter

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents the basic macroecological features of the deep-sea fauna, including geographic variation in standing stock, species diversity, species ranges, and body size. It also explores ... More


Extending the approaches of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning to the deep ocean

Roberto Danovaro

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The size of the deep sea and the sub-seabed biosphere makes deep-sea ecosystems an enormous reservoir of biomass on Earth. As depth increases, the larger benthic components (that is, megafauna) as ... More


Parasitism and hostile environments

Richard C. Tinsley

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

There is good physiological documentation of the survival of parasites (generally the ‘off-host’ stages) in environments that would be considered hostile to life and characterized by freezing, ... More


Ecology and Evolution of Larval Dispersal in the Deep Sea

Craig M. Young, Shawn M. Arellano, Jean-François Hamel, and Annie Mercier (eds)

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

The importance of larval dispersal in the deep ocean is generally acknowledged in studies of genetic connectivity, conservation, and population ecology, but our understanding of the underlying ... More


Cameron’s Documentaries

James Clarke

in The Cinema of James Cameron: Bodies in Heroic Motion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169776
eISBN:
9780231850629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169776.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter considers James Cameron's two sea documentaries — Ghosts of the Abyss (2003) and Aliens of the Deep (2005) — which provide ‘real world’ repercussions to his fantasy dramas. In the ... More


Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Judith S. Weis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The world’s nearly 7,000 species of crabs are immediately recognizable by their claws, sideways movement, stalked eyes, and thick outer shells. These common crustaceans are found internationally, ... More


Violet-Black

Stacy Alaimo

in Prismatic Ecology: Ecotheory beyond Green

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679973
eISBN:
9781452948737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679973.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In the three regions of the deep seas—the bathypelagic, abyssopelagic, and hadal zones—one thousand meters down and much deeper, where sunlight cannot descend, there hovers a violet-black ecology, ... More


A Darker Blue

Martin Francis

in The Flyer: British Culture and the Royal Air Force 1939–1945

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199277483
eISBN:
9780191699948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277483.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter is dedicated to broken flyers (those disabled or disfigured in combat), flawed flyers (those with psychological problems), and false flyers (men who passed themselves off as airmen to ... More


Special adaptations

Derek Burton and Margaret Burton

in Essential Fish Biology: Diversity, structure, and function

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198785552
eISBN:
9780191827433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785552.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

Within the considerable diversity of fish there are less-usual attributes of some species which facilitate survival in particular habitats or in response to selective pressures. The intense ... More


Probably the Best Theory on Earth

Roy Livermore

in The Tectonic Plates are Moving!

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198717867
eISBN:
9780191860492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717867.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

The magnetic bar-code on the ocean floor provides convincing evidence of moving continents, yet, as with the discovery of the structure of DNA, few are convinced—at first. Drilling in the deep oceans ... More


Success and Failure

Morten Hammerborg

in New Directions in Norwegian Maritime History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780986497360
eISBN:
9781786944481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780986497360.003.0004
Subject:
History, Maritime History

The final section explores the successes and failures of twentieth-century Norwegian shipping, in attempt to determine why maritime businesses failed; to pinpoint turbulence in the industry; and to ... More


The Pacific Fisheries Frontier

Carmel Finley

in All the Fish in the Sea: Maximum Sustainable Yield and the Failure of Fisheries Management

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226249667
eISBN:
9780226249681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249681.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the formation of the Pacific Exploration Company, which engaged in exploratory deep-sea fishing on the continental shelf off the coast of Alaska. It also describes the Truman ... More


Postwar Surprises

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses some of the surprising ideas on continental drift that emerged after World War II. In 1965, a young Princeton postdoctoral student named W. Jason Morgan had been poring over ... More


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