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The Theory of Open Quantum Systems

Heinz-Peter Breuer and Francesco Petruccione

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199213900
eISBN:
9780191706349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213900.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book treats the central physical concepts and mathematical techniques used to investigate the dynamics of open quantum systems. To provide a self-contained presentation, the text begins with a ... More


Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The counter-intuitive aspects of quantum physics have been illustrated for some time by thought experiments, from Einstein's photon box to Schrödinger's cat. These experiments have now become real, ... More


Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 95, August 2010

Jürg Frohlich, Manfred Salmhofer, Vieri Mastropietro, Wojciech De Roeck, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199652495
eISBN:
9780191741203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652495.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book collects lecture courses and seminars given at the Les Houches Summer School 2010 on ‘Quantum Theory: From Small to Large Scales’. Fundamental quantum phenomena appear on all scales, from ... More


Conclusion

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

in Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the authors. It evokes future prospects and mentions the challenges ahead. It addresses questions such as: How far will the industry of thought ... More


Decoherence

Heinz-Peter Breuer and Francesco Petruccione

in The Theory of Open Quantum Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199213900
eISBN:
9780191706349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213900.003.04
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter deals with the important field of environment-induced decoherence and the transition to the classical behaviour of open quantum systems. A number of techniques is developed that allows ... More


Chaos, Decoherence, and Branching

David Wallace

in The Emergent Multiverse: Quantum Theory according to the Everett Interpretation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199546961
eISBN:
9780191741418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546961.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is concerned with the technical details of how emergent branching occurs in the Everett interpretation. Accordingly, its focus is on decoherence theory, the branch of quantum physics ... More


Quantum Jumps, Born's Rule, and Objective Reality

Wojciech Hubert Zurek

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes three insights into the transition from quantum to classical that are based on the recognition of the role of the environment. It starts with a minimalist derivation of ... More


Two Dogmas About Quantum Mechanics

Jeffrey Bub and Itamar Pitowsky

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the intractable part of the measurement problem — the ‘big’ measurement problem — is a pseudo-problem that depends for its legitimacy on the acceptance of two dogmas. The ... More


De Broglie–Bohm Pilot‐Wave Theory: Many Worlds in Denial?

Antony Valentini

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter replies to claims that the pilot-wave theory of de Broglie and Bohm is really a many-worlds theory with a superfluous configuration appended to one of the worlds. Assuming that ... More


Many Worlds? An Introduction

Simon Saunders

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter summarizes the principal positive theses of the book (Section 1), namely, that the unitary evolution of the quantum state, for sufficiently large systems of particles in ... More


Decoherence and Ontology (or: How I learned to stop worrying and love FAPP)

David Wallace

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues for the view that the Everett (‘many worlds’) interpretation is nothing more or less than a literal reading of the formalism of unitary quantum mechanics. The central component of ... More


Macroscopic Superpositions, Decoherent Histories, and the Emergence of Hydrodynamic Behaviour

Jonathan Halliwell

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Macroscopic systems are described most completely by local densities (particle number, momentum, and energy) yet the superposition states of such physical variables, indicated by the Everett ... More


COHERENCE AND DECOHERENCE

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on coherence and decoherence, starting from the basis of quantum mechanics and including the classical paradox of Schrödinger’s cat and entanglement. Decoherence and relaxation ... More


The Emergence of Classicality from Quantum Theory

Erich Joos

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

A thoroughgoing and consistent application of quantum theory shows that the connection between classical and quantum physics is very different from what can be found in standard textbooks. In the ... More


Interference effects in nanostructures I

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The interference of electron waves in nanostructures adds clear fingerprints of quantum mechanical behavior to electronic transport in semiconductor nanostructures. This chapter discusses the ... More


Interference effects in nanostructures II

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Beyond the basic interference effects introduced in Chapter 14, further interesting interference phenomena exist in semiconductor nanostructures, the discussion of which requires more prior ... More


Quantum information processing

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Quantum information processing is a modern research topic in which many different disciplines within and beyond physics interact. This chapter first makes contact with basic concepts of classical ... More


Open Quantum Electrodynamics

Heinz-Peter Breuer and Francesco Petruccione

in The Theory of Open Quantum Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199213900
eISBN:
9780191706349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213900.003.12
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In quantum electrodynamics, the matter degrees of freedom are coupled to the radiation field through a local, gauge-invariant interaction density. Due to the linear structure of this coupling, the ... More


Taming Schrödinger’s cat

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

in Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter is devoted to the physics of cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) cats. After a brief reminder about the Schrödinger cat problem in quantum optics, it describes how a single atom ... More


Phenomenology, decoherence, and the arrow of time

Claus Kiefer

in Quantum Gravity: Third Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199585205
eISBN:
9780191739378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585205.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This final chapter starts with a brief review of quantum-gravity phenomenology. It then focuses on an important conceptual issue – the relevance of quantum gravity for the general interpretation of ... More


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