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Bihemispheric Language: How the Two Hemispheres Collaborate in the Processing of Language

Norman D. Cook

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Speech production in most people is strongly lateralized to the left hemisphere (LH), but language understanding is generally a bilateral activity. At every level of linguistic processing that has ... More


The Mantological Exegesis of Oracles

Michael Fishbane

in Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198266990
eISBN:
9780191600593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198266995.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Deals with the mantological exegesis of oracles (or prophecies) in ancient Israel. A method is presented for the isolation of these exegetical traditions; as in early chapters, central is the ... More


Decoding with belief propagation

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

in Information, Physics, and Computation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter revisits the problem of decoding low density parity check (LDPC) codes. The maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) decoding of a bit is described as a statistical inference problem, and ... More


Neural Codes for Perceptual Decisions

Ranulfo Romo, Adrián Hernández, Luis Lemus, Rogelio Luna, Antonio Zainos, Verónica Nácher, Manuel Alvarez, Yuriria Vázquez, Silvia Cordero, and Liliana Camarillo

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter uses a highly simplified sensory discrimination task to show that the comparison between stored and ongoing sensory information takes place in a distributed fashion. There is also a ... More


The Functions of the Orbitofrontal Cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter considers the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex. It shows that the orbitofrontal cortex is involved in decoding and representing some primary reinforcers such as taste and touch; in ... More


FriendXAdvance Man

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The author has a brief history of collaboration with Skúli Sigurdsson; the first publication of his academic career was coauthored with Sigurdsson. But two different career paths on the two different ... More


DogXWhale

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In this chapter, the author narrates his trip to Húsavík, Iceland for a meeting with deCODE Genetics CEO Kári Stefánsson. Kári and the deCODE team were presenting their plans, wants, needs, wishes, ... More


HistoryXFable

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In the deCODE mass media stories, no one leveraged the saga effect better than Robert Kunzig in his December 1998 piece in Discover, “Blood of the Vikings.” The issue was on U.S. newsstands as the ... More


Understanding Vision: Theory, Models, and Data

Li Zhaoping

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199564668
eISBN:
9780191772504
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564668.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book explains computational principles and models of biological visual processing, in particular, of primate vision. Vision scientists unfamiliar with mathematical details should be able to ... More


Low-density parity-check codes

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

in Information, Physics, and Computation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes are among the most efficient error correcting codes in use. This chapter introduces an important family of LDPC ensembles, based on random factor graphs, and ... More


Glassy states in coding theory

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

in Information, Physics, and Computation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In the limit of large block-length, iteratively decoded low density parity check (LDPC) codes exhibit two phase transitions. At low noise, the bit error rate under belief propagation decoding ... More


Introduction to combinatorial optimization

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

in Information, Physics, and Computation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter provides an elementary introduction to some basic concepts in theoretical computer science. It includes basic notions of graph theory and an informal introduction to computational ... More


Visual recognition as decoding

Li Zhaoping

in Understanding Vision: Theory, Models, and Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199564668
eISBN:
9780191772504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564668.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter gives an account of the experimental and computational investigations in visual perception or recognition. The perceptions, including illusions, are viewed as the outcomes of inferring ... More


Apocalyptic Futures: Heart of Darkness, Embodiment, and African Genocide

Russell Samolsky

in Apocalyptic Futures: Marked Bodies and the Violence of the Text in Kafka, Conrad, and Coetzee

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823234790
eISBN:
9780823241248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234790.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter examines Heart of Darkness' apocalyptic drive to power by establishing a dialectic of “hollowing out” and “filling in” as the mechanisms by which the text incorporates the African ... More


Components and Recognition of Facial Expression in the Communication of Emotion by Actors

Pierre Gosselin, Gilles Kirouac, and françois y. doré

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents two studies that examined the encoding and decoding of facial expression of emotions portrayed by actors. In Study 1, facial expressions portrayed by actors in two encoding ... More


Reading ghosts and reading texts: spiritualism

Andrew Smith

in The Ghost Story, 1840–1920: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719074462
eISBN:
9781781700006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719074462.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter addresses the issue of how to read and critically decode spectral messages. It analyses the literary qualities of spirit messages. Some of the literary works that are analysed in this ... More


Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Michael Fortun

Roberto Reis (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Part detective story, part exposé, and part travelogue, this book investigates one of the signature biotechnology stories of our time and, in so doing, opens a window onto the high-speed, high-tech, ... More


PromisesXPromises

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

It is no exaggeration to say that everything in Shoshana Felman's book on promising in Don Juan and in the philosophical writings of J. L. Austin is inscribed in its main title, The Scandal of the ... More


DistanceXComplicity

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In a February 1999 article, Jeffrey Kahn of the University of Minnesota's Center for Bioethics commented that deCODE Genetics negotiated the right to Iceland's genome for $200 million, which seemed, ... More


NonXGovernmental Organization

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Under the sign of complicity, the author and Icelandic non-governmental organization Mannvernd became more enfolded as 1998 folded into the twenty-first century. The author spoke under Mannvernd's ... More


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