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Basic Determinants of Reform Strategies

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter introduces the second part of the book, which focuses on the political economy of agricultural transition. It introduces the basic concepts to be used in the analysis: initial ... More


Introduction

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces and defines the terms ‘informal groups of states’, ‘groups of friends’, and ‘contact groups’. It develops a synergistic analytical framework, identifying the causal mechanisms ... More


Conclusions: Implications for Governance of the UN Security Council

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter summarizes the causes of informal groups of states and their effects on Security Council governance. It argues that those informal settings are changing the role of the UN Security ... More


Real National Income as a Measure of General Well‐Being

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses decentralization and central guidance in relation to resource allocation. There are seven sections: (1) competitive mechanisms in the private realm; (2) the ... More


Five Sectors

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

This chapter introduces Part I of the book, which contains a comprehensive summary of the main results of up-to-date research brought about by looking at five accounts of sectoral processes, namely: ... More


Decentralization

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Candidate selection methods may be decentralized in two senses: territorial and social. When political parties select candidates using only a national party selectorate – inclusive or exclusive – ... More


Township Governments as Brokers of Power and Property

You‐tien Hsing

in The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199568048
eISBN:
9780191721632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568048.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Chapter 6 moves to the third type of place examined in this book, the rural edge of the metropolitan region, where the influence of the metropolitan government gives way to ... More


The Role of Policy Change

Chris Bramall

in The Industrialization of Rural China

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199275939
eISBN:
9780191706073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275939.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The constellation of post-1978 economic policy changes could, in principle, explain the accelerating pace of rural industrial growth, and this explanation features prominently in literature. The ... More


Public Management Reform Defined

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The basic idea is that activities that use state power should be within the state organization; the state should mainly finance social, cultural, and scientific activities involving externalities and ... More


Devolution and Decentralization

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Besides decentralization to executive agencies and social organizations, public management reform involves devolution to sub-national units of activities and the corresponding fiscal resources to ... More


Environmental Policy Instruments and Institutions in Developing Countries

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The failure of public good provision in developing countries implies that many environmental and natural resource allocation problems that have been solved in developed countries, such as water ... More


Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico

Jonathan A. Fox

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199208852
eISBN:
9780191709005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208852.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

How can the seeds of accountability ever grow in authoritarian environments? Embedding accountability into the state is an inherently uneven, partial, and contested process. Campaigns for public ... More


Franc e

Olivier Fillieule

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252060
eISBN:
9780191601064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252068.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The incidence of environmental protest in France is examined by means of an analysis of all the environmental protest events reported in Le Monde during the years 1988–97. The relatively low level of ... More


Multi-level Governance and British Politics

IAN BACHE and MATTHEW FLINDERS

in Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199259250
eISBN:
9780191600968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259259.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ian Bache and Matthew Flinders assess the value of multi‐level governance in relation to British politics. A number of authors in this field have developed governance approaches, often in explicit ... More


Peace by Design: Managing Intrastate Conflict through Decentralization

Dawn Brancati

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549009
eISBN:
9780191720307
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549009.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Why does political decentralization reduce intrastate conflict more in some countries than in others? Can political institutions be designed to engender peace? If so, how? Addressing these questions, ... More


Executive and Cabinet

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

This chapter asks a deceptively simple question: How do we understand the relationship between the prime minister, cabinet, and the rest of the Westminster system? It explores the dilemmas posed by ... More


The National Question, and the Coup, the Collapse of the Soviet Union

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The chapter concentrates on one of the four transformations identified in Ch. 6 as necessary if the Soviet Union were to make a transition from authoritarianism to democracy – the need to transform ... More


Distant Tyranny: Markets, Power, and Backwardness in Spain, 1650-1800

Regina Grafe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144849
eISBN:
9781400840533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144849.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Spain's development from a premodern society into a modern unified nation-state with an integrated economy was painfully slow and varied widely by region. Economic historians have long argued that ... More


Planned Decentralization

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter looks to the broad consequences of the theory of fairness advanced in this book to questions of social reform. The traditional spectrum of political attitudes that ranges from the ... More


Constitutional Design and Problems of Implementation in Southern and Eastern Europe

Leonardo Morlino

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this chapter, Leonardo Morlino presents an analytical framework for studying the implementation of constitutional norms. The aim of the first section is to isolate the guiding concepts for ... More


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