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Political Parties in Britain: Secular Decline or Adaptive Resilience?

Paul Webb

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

For thirty years following the end of the Second World War, it was orthodox to regard Britain as having one of the most stable and party‐oriented political systems in the Western world—parties ... More


Finland: Let the Force Be with the Finland: Let the Force Be with the Leader—But Who Is the Leader?

Heikki Paloheimo

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the early 1980s, the regime type of the Finnish political system has gradually mutated, because of the complementary processes of de-presidentialization and re-presidentialization. The former ... More


Social Structure and Party Choice 1

Maria Oskarson

in The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the explanatory power of the social cleavage model presented by Lipset and Rokkan in the 1960s. According to most of the dominant literature, the explanatory power of this model ... More


The Changing Social Basis of Party Support

Anthony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, and John K. Curtice

in The Rise of New Labour: Party Policies and Voter Choices

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245116
eISBN:
9780191599453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245118.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The key questions in the seventh chapter of the book are related to the changes in the social basis of support for the parties in the British political spectrum in the period 1979–1997 and whether ... More


The Dynamics of Party Identification

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Addresses important theoretical questions that arise from analyses in Chs 3 and 4 documenting that party identification is a powerful predictor of electoral preference. According to sociological ... More


Choosing MMP in New Zealand: Explaining the 1993 Electoral Reform

David Denemark

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Explores several of the factors that significantly affected the transition of New Zealand's political system from a pluralitarian (extreme majoritarian) system famous for its tranquil efficacy to an ... More


Parties and Society in New Zealand

Jack Vowles

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first introductory section discusses the evolution of the current party system in New Zealand, from a system dominated by the two parties around which it had aligned in the 1930s, to the ... More


The Decline of Party Identifications

Russell J. Dalton

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Feelings of party identification are one of the most important concepts in electoral research; such attachments play a key role in guiding citizen behaviour and structuring party competition. This ... More


The Consequences of Partisan Dealignment

Russell J. Dalton, Ian McAllister, and Martin P. Wattenberg

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assembles cross‐national data to demonstrate the behavioural consequences of partisan dealignment. Without the reinforcement of habitual party ties, more voters are waiting longer to decide for whom ... More


Civil Society and the Reconstruction of the Public Sphere: Ideologies between Theory and Politics

Gayil Talshir

in Liberalism as Ideology: Essays in Honour of Michael Freeden

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600670
eISBN:
9780191738203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600670.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ideology is a field of power politics involved in analysing the constant battle for interpretation, reinterpretation, ruling, and controlling public discourse. Far from ‘the end of ideology’, the ... More


Introduction

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter outlines the main aim of the book — to assess and explain the extent to which political parties across Europe succeed in representing diverse voters. Two important features of the ... More


Conceptualizing Representational Strain

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter develops the theoretical basis of our party representation model and our expectations about representational strain. The chapter argues that the way parties represent citizens cannot be ... More


Programs

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the second representational criterion — the extent to which parties produce coherent programs. The empirical focus is on differences between West and East. While there is ... More


Ideological Congruence

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the ideological congruence between parties and independent, partisan, and median independent voters. The chapter shows that partisans are more polarized ideologically than are ... More


The Relevance of Mass Party Organizations

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyses the party-level sources of party-voter agreement by focusing on the relevance of mass organizations, which have historically been the functional linchpin of the party ... More


Welfare Democracies and Party Politics: Explaining Electoral Dynamics in Times of Changing Welfare Capitalism

Philip Manow, Bruno Palier, and Hanna Schwander (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198807971
eISBN:
9780191845765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807971.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Europe’s political landscapes are in turmoil; new radical parties challenge the established political order. This book locates Europe’s contemporary challenges within the longer economic and ... More


Are Political Parties declining?: An Analysis of National Variation in Dealignment

HAROLD L. WILENSKY

in Rich Democracies: Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231764
eISBN:
9780520928336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231764.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter addresses the party decline and analyzes the national variation in dealignment of political parties. It examines whether party decline is peculiarly American or a tendency common to all ... More


Gender and Party Change

Monique Leyenaar and Drude Dahlerup

in Breaking Male Dominance in Old Democracies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199653898
eISBN:
9780191751578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653898.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter addresses party and party system changes in relation to the future development of women’s representation in politics. What is the effect on women’s representation of the crisis of ... More


The Electoral Impact of the Crisis on the French Working Class: More to the Right?

Nonna Mayer

in Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199357505
eISBN:
9780199357536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357505.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explains the electoral impact of the 2008 financial crisis on the French working class. Drawing from survey data over a period of thirty years, it shows that the crisis has mainly ... More


The Conservative Party and a changing electorate

Matthew Burbank and John Francis

in David Cameron and Conservative Renewal: The Limits of Modernisation?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781784991531
eISBN:
9781526120946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784991531.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The Conservative modernisation effort over the period of Cameron’s leadership needs to be placed against the backdrop of important changes in British electoral politics. These changes include voter ... More


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