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What is a Secondary Data Set?

Thomas P. Vartanian

in Secondary Data Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195388817
eISBN:
9780199863396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388817.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter explains the differences between primary and secondary data sets. It explains how secondary data sets are typically collected, the ability of large institutions to collect both sizable ... More


Empirical Orthogonal Functions

Gidon Eshel

in Spatiotemporal Data Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128917
eISBN:
9781400840632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128917.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). One of the most useful and common eigen-techniques in data analysis is the construction of EOFs. EOFs are a transform of the data; the ... More


The limits of conventional cladistic analysis

Jerrold I. Davis, Kevin C. Nixon, and Damon P. Little

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Software for cladistic analysis has been widely available for more than twenty years, and a series of advances made during this time have facilitated the analysis of matrices of ever-increasing size. ... More


Decomposing Muscle Activity in Motor TasksMethods and Interpretation

Lena H. Ting and Stacie A. Chvatal

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter examines methodologies for dimensional analysis and linear decomposition of multivariate data sets, and discusses their implicit hypotheses and interpretations for muscle coordination of ... More


Initial transformations

J. C. Gower and G. B. Dijksterhuis

in Procrustes Problems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198510581
eISBN:
9780191708961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses initial transformations that may be useful before embarking on a Procrustes analysis proper. Data-scaling and configuration-scaling are the terms adopted for the many kinds of ... More


Advantages, Disadvantages, Feasibility, and Appropriateness of Using Secondary Data

Thomas P. Vartanian

in Secondary Data Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195388817
eISBN:
9780199863396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388817.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines factors to consider when thinking about using large secondary data sets. These include advantages of using such data, e.g., cost and time advantages; the ability to follow ... More


Wheat Prices and Trade in the Early Roman Empire

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter discusses how there is little of what economists call data on markets in Roman times, despite lots of information about prices and transactions. Data, as economists consider it, consist ... More


Computational Molecular Evolution

Ziheng Yang

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of molecular evolution has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, continuous improvements to computer hardware and software, ... More


Within-Case versus Cross-Case Causal Analysis

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines how the qualitative and quantitative research traditions treat within-case analysis versus cross-case analysis for causal inference. In qualitative research, the primary focus ... More


Covariance Structures for Dynamic Error Components

Manuel Arellano

in Panel Data Econometrics

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199245284
eISBN:
9780191602481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245282.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter analyses the time series properties of panel data sets, focusing on short panels. It discusses time effects and moving average covariances. It presents estimates of covariance structures ... More


Reliable Metadata and the Creation of Trustworthy, Reproducible, and Re-usable Data Sets

Kristin Vanderbilt and David Blankman

in Stepping in the Same River Twice: Replication in Biological Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209549
eISBN:
9780300228038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209549.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Science has become a data-intensive enterprise. Data sets are commonly being stored in public data repositories and are thus available for others to use in new, often unexpected ways. Such re-use of ... More


Human Capital and Economic Growth

Andreas Savvides and Thanasis Stengos

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804755405
eISBN:
9780804769761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804755405.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book provides an in-depth investigation of the link between human capital and economic growth. The book examines the determinants of economic growth through a historical overview of the concept ... More


Analysis of Benchmarks

Chapelle Olivier, Schölkopf Bernhard, and Zien Alexander

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0021
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of different semi-supervised learning (SSL) algorithms through inviting the authors of each chapter in this book to apply their algorithms to eight ... More


Relating Elector to Voter Preferences

Ian Budge, Hans Keman, Michael McDonald, and Paul Pennings

in Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654932
eISBN:
9780191741685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

As citizen-electors and voters are different bodies of people, particularly in terms of the choice situation within which they express their preferences, we cannot simply assume that they are the ... More


Re-Construction of Private Indicators for Public Purposes *

Katharina Pistor

in Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199658244
eISBN:
9780199949915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658244.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter studies the history of the first generation of indicators of governmental institutional quality. These (international) indicators include labels such as ‘bureaucratic efficiency’ and ... More


Benfordʼs Law in the Natural Sciences

David Hoyle

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter focuses on the occurrence of Benford's law within the natural sciences, emphasizing that Benford's law is to be expected within many scientific data sets. This is a consequence of the ... More


Detecting Fraud and Errors Using Benfordʼs Law Mark Nigrini

Steven J. Miller (ed.)

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter reviews Benford's law as it relates to detecting fraud and errors. It starts with an introduction and a review of selected parts of Benford's original 1938 paper, which shows the results ... More


A Quick Introduction to Benfordʼs Law

Steven J. Miller

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides a brief overview of Benford's law. It states Benford's law of digit bias and describes its history. The chapter then discusses the origins of Benford's law and gives numerous ... More


Replication of Data Analyses: Provenance in R

Emery R. Boose and Barbara S. Lerner

in Stepping in the Same River Twice: Replication in Biological Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209549
eISBN:
9780300228038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209549.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The metadata that describe how scientific data are created and analyzed are typically limited to a general description of data sources, software used, and statistical tests applied and are presented ... More


Education Matters: Global Schooling Gains from the 19th to the 21st Century

Robert J. Barro and Jong-Wha Lee

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199379231
eISBN:
9780199379262
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199379231.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the past half century, human capital has emerged as one of the most active areas of research in economics. This book's efforts at constructing useful measures of educational attainment for a broad ... More


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