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The Realm of Reason

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In the course of the eighteenth century, natural philosophy began to take on a new cultural standing, emerging as the paradigm bearer of, and the standard for, cognitive values. It was Fontenelle who ... More


The Fortunes of a Mechanical Model for Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The basic assumption of ‘rational mechanics’ was that all natural philosophy was mechanics, and that, as mechanics was pursued with greater and greater detail and sophistication, the rest of natural ... More


Historical Understanding and the Human Condition

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In a context in which traditional religious and humanistic assumptions about universal moral, social, and other values have come loose, the eighteenth‐century employment of developmental stages in ... More


Enlightenment Shadows

Genevieve Lloyd

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669561
eISBN:
9780191757013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669561.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The idea of the Enlightenment has become a touchstone for emotional and often contradictory articulations of contemporary western values. Enlightenment Shadows is a study of the place of ... More


Anglomania, Anglicisme, and the ‘British Model’

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter discusses British Deism, the rejection of republican radicalism, and the French anglicisme in the mid-18th century. Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Maupertuis, the giants among the French ... More


Locke among the ‘Philosophes’

John W. Yolton

in LOCKE AND FRENCH MATERIALISM

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242741
eISBN:
9780191680557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242741.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores some of the writings of the better-known French writers, many of whom were associated with Diderot and d'Alembert in the great Encyclopédie; others, such as La Mettrie and ... More


Effictions

Peter Szendy

in Phantom Limbs: On Musical Bodies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267057
eISBN:
9780823272303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267057.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

A reading of some of Diderot’s texts (particularly Rameau’s Nephew) brings us to resume an old figure of rhetoric: effictio, in other words the description of a fictive body that still begins to ... More


Drama and Life

Angelica Goodden

in Rousseau's Hand: The Crafting of a Writer

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683833
eISBN:
9780191766190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683833.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, European Literature

This chapter details Rousseau's writing of and on drama, and dwells on the Lettre à d’Alembert's contrasting the effects of playgoing with the moral benefits of daily life in theatre-free, ... More


Boundary Layers

S. G. Rajeev

in Fluid Mechanics: A Geometrical Point of View

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805021
eISBN:
9780191843136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805021.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

It is found experimentally that all the components of fluid velocity (not just thenormal component) vanish at a wall. No matter how small the viscosity, the large velocity gradients near a wall ... More


‘Changing the Common Mode of Thinking’: d’Alembert and Diderot on the Encyclopedia

Genevieve Lloyd

in Enlightenment Shadows

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669561
eISBN:
9780191757013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669561.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapter opens with a discussion of metaphors of light and of motion in Bacon’s essay On Truth, leading into an examination of the tensions between timelessness and change in the Enlightenment ... More


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