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The Ugaritic Texts and the Origins of West-Semitic Literary Composition

Dennis Pardee

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264928
eISBN:
9780191754104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264928.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The discovery and decryption of Ugaritic cuneiform tablets in the 1920s has given scholars an insight into the development of alphabetic writing and the origins of biblical poetry. This book, based ... More


Digitising Cuneiform Tablets

Carlo Vandecasteele, Luc Van Gool, Karel Van Lerberghe, Johan Van Rompay, and Patrick Wambacq

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

In 1850, ‘Assyriology’, or the science of reading and interpreting cuneiform, was created. During this period, historians travelled to the Middle East and spent years copying cuneiform tablets. Now, ... More


Lone Heroes or Collaborative Communities? On Sumerian Literature and its Practitioners

Eleanor Robson

in Ancient Egyptian Literature: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265420
eISBN:
9780191760471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265420.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (ETCSL), a ten-year project to edit and analyse ancient Sumerian literature, came to an end on 31 August 2006. Like Egyptian, Sumerian is one of the ... More


 Egalitarian Technology: Alphabet, Text, and Class

Joshua A. Berman

in Created Equal: How the Bible Broke with Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374704
eISBN:
9780199871438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374704.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

This chapter examines the role that technology may have played in advancing the egalitarian platform. The adoption of the technology of the alphabetic script and its use in creating texts in ancient ... More


Island History and Island Identity on Cyprus

Bernard A. Knapp

in Prehistoric and Protohistoric Cyprus: Identity, Insularity, and Connectivity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237371
eISBN:
9780191717208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237371.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter provides an island history of Bronze Age and early Iron Age Cyprus, discussing at length all published documentary evidence related to Alashiya, Ku‐pi‐ri‐jo, and Iadnana (Neo‐Assyrian ... More


Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Jean Bottero

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The civilisation of Ancient Mesopotamia flourished between 3300 BC and 2000 BC in the southern half of the lands between and either side of the Tigris and Euphrates, where a vast grain harvest (about ... More


Inventing God's Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi

David P. Wright

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195304756
eISBN:
9780199866830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Most scholars believe that the numerous similarities between the Covenant Code (Exodus 20:23–23:19) and Mesopotamian law collections, especially the Laws of Hammurabi, which date to around 1750 BCE, ... More


Price Behavior in Hellenistic Babylon

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter talks about Hellenistic prices in Babylon, with which a large data set has survived. The price data come from a vast archive of astronomical cuneiform tablets from the ancient city of ... More


At the Time of Creation

Marc Van De Mieroop

in Philosophy before the Greeks: The Pursuit of Truth in Ancient Babylonia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157184
eISBN:
9781400874118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157184.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This book examines how the ancient Babylonians approached the question of what true knowledge was. The ancient Babylonians left behind a monumental textual record that stretches in time from before ... More


Gilgamesh among Us: Modern Encounters with the Ancient Epic

Theodore Ziolkowski

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450358
eISBN:
9780801463419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450358.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The world's oldest work of literature, the Epic of Gilgamesh recounts the adventures of the semi-mythical Sumerian king of Uruk and his ultimately futile quest for immortality after the death of his ... More


Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Dominique Charpin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Ancient Mesopotamia, the fertile crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now western Iraq and eastern Syria, is considered to be the cradle of civilization—home of the Babylonian ... More


The Mishnah in Comparative Context

Moshe Simon-Shoshan

in Stories of the Law: Narrative Discourse and the Construction of Authority in the Mishnah

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773732
eISBN:
9780199933129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773732.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter places the findings of the previous chapters in the context of other legal texts of the ancient world. Legal writings from the cuneiform literature, the Bible, the Dead Sea Scrolls and ... More


Before Nature: Cuneiform Knowledge and the History of Science

Francesca Rochberg

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406138
eISBN:
9780226406275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406275.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Before the concept of nature took shape across the long history of European and Islamic natural philosophy and science, for an equally long period beginning in the early second millennium B.C.E. a ... More


The Birth of Astrology

Jean Bottéro

in Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The astrology of Mesopotamia is fairly far removed from what those Greeks did with it. The first known cuneiform texts that give information about Mesopotamian astrology belong in the region of the ... More


The Ordeal

Bertrand Lafont

in Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The origins of the ordeal go back a very long way in history, and research into its oldest traces takes one back some 5,000 years to the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates. What gave its unity to the ... More


The First Account of the Flood

Jean Bottéro

in Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

On December 1872, George Smith, one of the first to undertake the deciphering and listing of the thousands of cuneiform tablets from Assurbanipal's library discovered at Nineveh, announced that he ... More


Breaking the Seals

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0039
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter describes the opening of the sealed packets sent by William Henry Fox Talbot, Dr Julius Oppert, Dr Edward Hincks, and Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, and the comparison of their ... More


The Intellectual Picklock

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0040
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focusses on George Smith, ‘deluge Smith’ the ‘intellectual picklock’, a nationally known figure whose discoveries were eagerly followed in the pages of the Daily Telegraph. Smith had a ... More


Introduction

Theodore Ziolkowski

in Gilgamesh among Us: Modern Encounters with the Ancient Epic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450358
eISBN:
9780801463419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450358.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This introductory chapter briefly details the rise of Gilgamesh, a hero of a Mesopotamian epic from the third millennium bce, as a twenty-first-century cultural icon. It then traces the evolution, ... More


Reading and Writing in Mesopotamia: The Business of Specialists?

in Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines cuneiform writing in ancient Mesopotamia within the context of recent studies of the phenomenon of literacy, which is currently the object of a debate in Assyriology. It ... More


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