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The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Emma E. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The Mind Possessed examines spirit concepts and mediumistic practices from a cognitive scientific perspective. Drawing primarily, but not exclusively, from ethnographic data collected ... More


Socialization

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines socialization and the process by which social norms become internalized, how this capacity for internalization could have evolved, and why the norms internalized tend to be ... More


Modeling Social Learning and Culture

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes a variety of approaches to modeling social learning, cultural evolution, and gene-culture coevolution. The model-building exercise typically starts with a set of assumptions ... More


Modes of Image Transfer: Transformative, Integrative, Protective

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter proposes some distinct patterns of transmission that are attested across multiple chronological periods and regional settings, shedding further light on the institutional contexts of ... More


Introduction Introduction Answering Another Sphinx

Barbara Goff and Michael Simpson

in Crossroads in the Black Aegean: Oedipus, Antigone, and Dramas of the African Diaspora

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199217182
eISBN:
9780191712388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217182.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The Introduction pursues the theme of identity by considering the varieties of ‘family’ in the plays. The grounding of civilization is investigated by means of the dichotomy of orality and ... More


 Spirits as Concepts

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 6 considers the form and spread of spirit concepts, drawing heavily on ethnographic data and emerging theories within epidemiological studies of culture. This chapter suggests why spirit ... More


Urban Creations: The Cultural Ecology of Composite Animals

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter considers the cultural ecology of composite animals. Paleolithic and Neolithic societies sometimes created durable images of composite beings, and the few surviving candidates have often ... More


Materials for an Epidemiology of Culture

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter examines composite animals as counterfactual images by focusing on a school of evolutionary psychology called the “epidemiology of culture.” Experimental studies show that the cognitive ... More


Gods and Religious Systems

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter describes how mental representations of gods are transmitted through a population as public representations, and ultimately serve as the basis of the cultural systems called “religion.” ... More


When Does Psychology Drive Culture?

Olivier Morin

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Naturalistic approaches to culture face an adjustment problem: many entities commonly found in the social sciences (traditions, institutions, social norms, etc.) do not seem to have any plausible ... More


Archives of Authority: Empire, Culture, and the Cold War

Andrew N. Rubin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154152
eISBN:
9781400842179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154152.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Combining literary, cultural, and political history, and based on extensive archival research, including previously unseen FBI and CIA documents, this book argues that cultural politics—specifically ... More


The Genealogy of Morals

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers are more interested in normative questions rather than descriptive questions such as the origins of moral values. Questioning where our values come from is seen as irrelevant and those ... More


Technology as Human Social Tradition: Cultural Transmission among Hunter-Gatherers

Peter Jordan

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520276925
eISBN:
9780520958333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276925.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This book outlines a new approach to studying variability and cumulative change in human technology, a definitive research theme spanning archaeology and anthropology. The central argument is that ... More


Culture as a Knowledge Asset

Max H. Boisot

in Knowledge Assets: Securing Competitive Advantage in the Information Economy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296072
eISBN:
9780191685194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296072.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

Culture works at many levels of aggregation. The culture of a group, firm, industry or profession; of a region; and of a country, can be discussed. Yet at whatever level is chosen to define it – ... More


The evolution of human communication and language

James R. Hurford

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human languages are far more complex than any animal communication system. Furthermore, they are learned, rather than innate, a fact which partially accounts for their great diversity. Human ... More


Long-Run Development and the New Cultural Economics

Boris Gershman

in Demographic Change and Long-Run Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036627
eISBN:
9780262341660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036627.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter talks about three major intertwined themes that emerge in the new cultural economics: causal effects of culture on economic outcomes and institutions, the origins of culture, and the ... More


The Experimental Study of Cultural Innovation

Alex Mesoudi

in Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reports two case studies in which experimental simulations of cultural transmission have provided insights into the processes of cultural innovation. The first case study shows how ... More


Perceiving Through Culture: The Socialized Attention Hypothesis

Hyekyung Park and Shinobu Kitayama

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents a socialized attention hypothesis and argues that people in different cultures are bound to acquire attention strategies that vary in attentional breadth. Evidence consistently ... More


The Cultural Evolution of Technology and Science

Alex Mesoudi, Kevin N. Laland, Robert Boyd, Briggs Buchanan, Emma Flynn, Robert N. McCauley, Jürgen Renn, Victoria Reyes-García, Stephen Shennan, Dietrich Stout, and Claudio Tennie

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores how the principles and methods of cultural evolution can inform our understanding of technology and science. Both technology and science are prime examples of cumulative ... More


The Cultural Evolution of Technology: Facts and Theories

Robert Boyd, Peter J. Richerson, and Joseph Henrich

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The gradual cumulative cultural evolution of locally adaptive technologies has played a crucial role in our species’ rapid expansion across the globe. Until recently, human artifacts were not ... More


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