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Women's Capabilities and Social Justice

Martha Nussbaum

in Gender Justice, Development, and Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199256457
eISBN:
9780191601989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256454.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter proposes a capabilities approach to international development that can recognize and address the special problems women face. It focuses on human capabilities, i.e., what people are able ... More


Introduction: “Where Do We Fit?”

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter introduces Part II of this book. It begins by noting how David Letterman used humor to shirk fatherhood's responsibilities before his child was even born. His comments bespeak a larger ... More


Culture, Peer Relationships, and Human Development

Xinyin Chen

in Bridging Cultural and Developmental Approaches to Psychology: New Syntheses in Theory, Research, and Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195383430
eISBN:
9780199827176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383430.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Cultural norms and values play an important role in shaping the processes of peer interactions, the structural and functional features of friendships and groups, and behavioral antecedents and ... More


Emotion, Restraint, and Community in Ancient Rome

Robert A. Kaster

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195140781
eISBN:
9780199789283
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140781.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This book is an essay in cultural psychology. By examining the ways the ways in which emotion and talk about emotions reinforce cultural norms, it aims to understand the interplay between the ... More


Sight Unseen: Gender and Race Through Blind Eyes

Ellyn Kaschak

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172905
eISBN:
9780231539531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172905.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This book reveals the cultural and biological realities of race, gender, and sexual orientation from the perspective of the blind. Through ten case studies and dozens of interviews, the book taps ... More


Introduction: Changing the World with Pride

Katherine McFarland Bruce

in Pride Parades: How a Parade Changed the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479803613
eISBN:
9781479817788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479803613.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Opening with a brief examination of a contemporary Pride parade – along with its associated assets and challenges, such as religious protesters disrupting the celebration of queer identities – this ... More


Culture, Group Processes, and Trust

Letty Y-Y. Kwan and Ying-yi Hong

in Culture and Group Processes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199985463
eISBN:
9780199385607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985463.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews past literature to elucidate the relationship between culture, group processes and trust. Culture has a profound impact on trust, and the underpinning processes are often linked ... More


Preventing Violence Against Young Children

Clarice Da Silva e Paula, Cassie Landers and Theresa Kilbane

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

For too many children, home is far from a safe haven. Violation of children often comes from the very social structures and institutions designed to care and protect them. Sadly, these acts of ... More


Living in Denial: Climate Change, Emotions, and Everyday Life

Kari Marie Norgaard

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015448
eISBN:
9780262295772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015448.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Global warming is the most significant environmental issue of our time, yet public response in Western nations has been meager. Why have so few taken any action? This book explores answers to this ... More


Towards Gender Equity in Development

Siwan Anderson, Lori Beaman, and Jean-Philippe Platteau (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198829591
eISBN:
9780191868115
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829591.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As a result of widespread mistreatment and overt discrimination in all dimensions of their lives, women lack significant autonomy. The central preoccupation of this book is to explore key sources of ... More


The Geniza, Jewish Identity, and Medieval Islamic Social and Economic History

Phillip I. Ackerman-Lieberman

in The Business of Identity: Jews, Muslims, and Economic Life in Medieval Egypt

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804785471
eISBN:
9780804787161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785471.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The fourth chapter traces out the implications of the second and third chapters for the organizing assumption of the Princeton School discussed in the first chapter. If Jewish merchants were educated ... More


Theoretical perspectives I: musical time in Indian cultural perspective

Martin Clayton

in Time in Indian Music: Rhythm, Metre, and Form in North Indian Rag Performance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195339680
eISBN:
9780199851935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339680.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter considers some perspectives on Indian cultural norms and ideologies which may be of relevance to rhythmic organization. There are several important ways in which the rhythmic ... More


Sexual Behavior

Allan V. Horwitz

in What's Normal?: Reconciling Biology and Culture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190603243
eISBN:
9780190603281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190603243.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter turns to the question of what may be considered natural or unnatural sexual behaviors. The biological and cultural approaches sharply diverge in their answers to this question. Although ... More


On the Hospitality of the Welsh: A Comparative View

Llinos Beverley Smith

in Power and Identity in the Middle Ages: Essays in Memory of Rees Davies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199285464
eISBN:
9780191700330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285464.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines hospitality in later medieval Wales. Drawing on the corpus of poetry stretching from the 12th to the 16th centuries, it shows that the Welsh hosts offered prodigious, even ... More


Human System: Population, Development, and Environment

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter discusses the relationship between population growth and the natural environment as mediated through economic development. It discusses both the classical and the neoclassical theories of ... More


The Early Poems

Lee Spinks

in Michael Ondaatje

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719066320
eISBN:
9781781703113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719066320.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter explores Ondaatje's first four published books, which were volumes of poetry. The first, The Dainty Monsters, features tension between the evident stability of established cultural norms ... More


What’s the Use of Consciousness?: How the Stab of Conscience Made Us Really Conscious

Chris D. Frith and Thomas Metzinger

in The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034326
eISBN:
9780262333290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The starting assumption is that consciousness (subjective experience), rather than being an epiphenomenon, has a causal role in the optimization of certain human behaviors. This chapter reviews ... More


International NGO Health Programs in a Non-ideal World: Imperialism, Respect, and Procedural Justice

Lisa Fuller

in Global Justice and Bioethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195379907
eISBN:
9780190267711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195379907.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the cultural conflicts arising from interactions between international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) and their beneficiaries. Conflict often arises when these INGOs ... More


Introduction

in Quest for Harmony: The Moso Traditions of Sexual Union and Family Life.

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761994
eISBN:
9780804773447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761994.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter provides a background to the main topics of the book. The book aims to offer a comprehensive ethnography of the Moso traditions with sexual union and family life at their center. It also ... More


Introduction: The Pan-ethnic Elite and the Problem of Cultural Authority

Joyce D. Goodfriend

in Who Should Rule at Home?: Confronting the Elite in British New York City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780801451270
eISBN:
9781501708046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451270.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This book examines the dynamics of power relations in eighteenth-century New York City by focusing on sites where the elite's cultural authority came under siege. Drawing on multiple strands of ... More


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