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Modules of the Human Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines some of the key modules that are likely to be unique to the human mind. These include a sophisticated mind-reading system, a language faculty, a variety of adaptations that ... More


Learning “About” Versus Learning “From” Other Minds: Natural Pedagogy and Its Implications

GyÖrgy Gergely

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter characterizes the concept of cognitive opacity, outlines the nature of the learnability problem it represents for mechanisms of cultural learning, and speculates about its evolutionary ... More


The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Stephen Stich

Peter Carruthers and Stephen Laurence (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is the third of a three-volume set on the innate mind. It provides an assessment of nativist thought and definitive reference point for future inquiry. Nativists have long been interested ... More


Learning, Cognitive Limitations, and the Modeling of Social Behavior

Peter Hammerstein and Robert Boyd

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Learning experiments with rats and other animals have impressively documented that learning is “prepared” by evolution. For social animals like humans, learning mechanisms are specifically adapted to ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on Social Cognition

Thomas Bugnyar, Robert Boyd, Benjamin Bossan, Simon Gächter, Thomas Griffiths, Peter Hammerstein, Keith Jensen, Thomas Mussweiler, Rosemarie Nagel, and Felix Warneken

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Game theory provides a useful framework for conceptualizing social decisions in which one person’s behavior affects outcomes that matter to other individuals. Game theory can also help us understand ... More


The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Kim Sterelny

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book develops a novel account of the speed and extent of human evolutionary divergence from the great ape stock. It does not explain human uniqueness by positing a critical adaptive breakthrough ... More


A Cross-cultural Service-learning Program Model: W.T. Chan Fellowships Program

Jane Szutu Permaul

in Service-Learning in Asia: Curricular Models and Practices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9789888028467
eISBN:
9789882207387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028467.003.0011
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Using David Kolb's experiential learning theory as its methodology, this chapter reviews the effectiveness of the W.T. Chan Fellowships Program sponsored by the Lingnan Foundation in the United ... More


International Field Placements

Patricia Lager and Sally Mathiesen

in Handbook of International Social Work: Human Rights, Development, and the Global Profession

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195333619
eISBN:
9780199918195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333619.003.0051
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Through international field experiences, students become immersed in a cross-cultural learning experience where they are challenged to confront different views of human behavior and learn about ... More


Accumulating Cognitive Capital

Kim Sterelny

in The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The core project of this chapter is to develop an incremental model of the evolution of human social learning, showing how social learning can be critical to agents’ lifeways before they have evolved ... More


The Socialization of Social Trust: Cultural Pluralism in Understanding Attachment and Trust in Children

Thomas S. Weisner

in Universalism without Uniformity: Explorations in Mind and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226501543
eISBN:
9780226501710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501710.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Attachment systems have universal features (the attachment-sensitive period in children and the stress-buffering roles of privileged caretakers), but with enormous diversity, not uniformity, in their ... More


Action and emotion in development of cultural intelligence: why infants have feelings like ours

Colwyn Trevarthen

in Emotional Development:: Recent Research Advances

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528845
eISBN:
9780191689567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528845.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter introduces the argument that emotions are proactive in the human mind. It suggests that the evolution of the social functions of emotions and inter-subjective behaviours in infancy lead ... More


Culture-Gene Coevolutionary Theory and Children’s Selective Social Learning

Patricia Brosseau-Liard, Susan Birch, Maciej Chudek and Joseph Henrich

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews Culture-Gene Coevolutionary (CGC) theory, which predicted in advance several recent findings on the development of social cognition. CGC predicted which phenotypes—that is, ... More


The Ontogenesis and Construction of Dark Matter

Daniel L. Everett

in Dark Matter of the Mind: The Culturally Articulated Unconscious

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226070766
eISBN:
9780226401430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401430.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how dark matter is acquired through cultural learning. The author discusses briefly the pre-existing body of research on this subject, including that of Bruner’s, and then moves ... More


Neural processes of culturally familiar information

Shihui Han

in The Sociocultural Brain: A Cultural Neuroscience Approach to Human Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198743194
eISBN:
9780191840210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743194.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 2 introduces the concept of cultural learning and its function in the transmission of cultural knowledge over generations, and the construction of new cultural beliefs/values and behavioral ... More


Dark-Eyed Junco Song: Linking Ontogeny and Function with a Potential Role in Reproductive Isolation

Gonçalo C. Cardoso and Dustin G. Reichard

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The elaborate songs produced by many songbirds during the breeding season play an integral role in mate attraction and courtship. Depending on how song is learned and develops, it may diverge rapidly ... More


Respectful Deference: Conformity Revisited

Paul L. Harris and Kathleen H. Corriveau

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The Asch paradigm has often been used to measure “conformity” among adults. Researchers recently developed a child-friendly version that has produced similar results, with three- to four-year-olds ... More


Spatial Adjectives in Dutch Child Language: towards a Usage-based Model of Adjective Acquisition

Elena Tribushinina

in The Construal of Spatial Meaning: Windows into Conceptual Space

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199641635
eISBN:
9780191760020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641635.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter tests the predictions of three hypotheses about the acquisition of spatial adjectives—semantic feature hypothesis, haphazard example hypothesis, and best exemplar hypothesis—against ... More


More than Global Citizenship: How Religious Studies Expands Participation in Global Communities

Karen Derris and Erin Runions

in Teaching Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190250508
eISBN:
9780190250522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250508.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

It is widely held within liberal arts discourse that pedagogies of civic engagement should prepare students for global citizenship. This chapter seeks to complicate the notion of global citizenship ... More


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