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 The Origins and Evolution of Homo sapiens

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The notions of natural selection and drift also apply to humans and their biological and cultural evolution. The science of paleoanthropology explains human evolution through the study of ... More


Cultural Evolution of Cooperative Social Activities

Raimo Tuomela

in The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313390
eISBN:
9780199870929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313390.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The evolutionary aspects of acting as a group member and cooperation are discussed in this chapter. It is argued that the disposition to act as a group member (and, accordingly, to cooperate) is a ... More


Modeling Social Learning and Culture

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes a variety of approaches to modeling social learning, cultural evolution, and gene-culture coevolution. The model-building exercise typically starts with a set of assumptions ... More


Culture, Adaptation, and Innateness

Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Culture has fundamentally changed the nature of human evolution because it creates a novel evolutionary tradeoff. Social learning allows human populations to rapidly evolve accumulate cultural ... More


A Naturalistic Perspective

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter attempts to demonstrate the plausibility, from an evolutionary standpoint, of the action-theoretic model presented so far. It begins with an overview of contemporary debates over the ... More


Cultural Evolution: Adaptive Diversification in Language and Religion

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines adaptive diversification in language and religion. The historic record contains many examples of the types of diversification occurring in these models. Diversification in ... More


A Brief History of Social Learning Research

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a brief historical background to social learning research. The history of research into social learning and imitation dates back to Aristotle, who explicitly made the claim that ... More


Cultural Evolution

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Friedrich A. Hayek shrouds market rules in still greater obscurity when he makes the further claim that they possess a social wisdom of which human reason is incapable. This claim lies at the heart ... More


The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View

Raimo Tuomela

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313390
eISBN:
9780199870929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313390.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The intuitive starting point of the book is the distinction between thinking and acting as a private person versus as a group member. People may view things from their own personal viewpoint and base ... More


Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Shaun Nichols

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This volume develops a new account of the nature of moral judgment. Evidence from developmental psychology and psychopathologies suggests that emotions play a crucial role in normal moral judgment. ... More


Evolution, Agency, and Sociology

Bernd Baldus

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Two major difficulties stand in the way of an evolutionary analysis of human culture: the large number of adaptively redundant or even maladaptive cultural traits, and the presence of agency, choice, ... More


Moral Evolution

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to the genealogy of “harm norms,” norms against causing pain and suffering to others. The chapter sets out a range of historical and anthropological facts that need to be captured ... More


Kinds of People

John Dupré

in Human Nature and the Limits of Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Rejects the attempt of evolutionary psychology to deny or minimize the importance of human cultural diversity, and argues for the importance of such diversity. This involves an attempt to understand ... More


Introduction

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book explores social learning concepts and methods as well as new developments in the field. These methods include: experimental and statistical methods that allow researchers to categorize ... More


Addressing the Critics

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396270
eISBN:
9780199852482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Theories of cultural evolution in general face hostile criticism and Piagetian categories only seem to make things worse. Whether there is indeed a pattern of development of styles of thought across ... More


Universalism, Cultural Variation, and Children’s Film

Torben Grodal

in Embodied Visions: Evolution, Emotion, Culture and Film

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371314
eISBN:
9780199870585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371314.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter argues that cultural diversity and cultural development are compatible with the assumption of a biological human nature that provides human universals. It shows that children’s films are ... More


Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Many animals, including humans, acquire valuable skills and knowledge by copying others. Scientists refer to this as social learning. It is one of the most exciting and rapidly developing areas of ... More


Biology and Ethics

Philip Kitcher

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines three programs that aim to use biological insights in support of philosophical positions in ethics: Aristotelian approaches found, for example, in Thomas Hurka and Philippa ... More


Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Linnda R. Caporael, James R. Griesemer, and William C. Wimsatt (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

“Scaffolding” is a concept that is becoming widely used across disciplines. This book investigates common threads in diverse applications of scaffolding, including theoretical biology, cognitive ... More


A Fragment of the Genealogy of Norms

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One explanation for why the norms we have are closely connected to our emotions is that our norms are intrinsically connected to our emotions. This chapter develops the alternative idea that our ... More


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