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Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

J. Emmett Duffy and Martin Thiel (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Understanding of animal social and sexual evolution has seen a renaissance in recent years with discoveries of frequent infidelity in apparently monogamous species, the importance of sperm ... More


Seagrass communities

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the composition of seagrass communities. Seagrass communities comprise epiphytes and sessile epifauna growing on seagrass leaves and rhizomes, as well as more mobile animals, ... More


The biota

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents summaries of each taxonomic group inhabiting temporary waters, providing examples of habitat-specific requirements and adaptations throughout. Insects and crustaceans are the ... More


Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Judith S. Weis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The world’s nearly 7,000 species of crabs are immediately recognizable by their claws, sideways movement, stalked eyes, and thick outer shells. These common crustaceans are found internationally, ... More


Crustacean Models of Aggression

Donald H. Edwards and Jens Herberholz

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the factors that make crustaceans an excellent model for the study of aggressive behavior. It then discusses the natural contexts of aggression, ... More


Functional Morphology and Diversity

Les Watling and Martin Thiel (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Crustaceans are increasingly used as model organisms in all fields of biology, including neurobiology, developmental biology, animal physiology, evolutionary ecology, biogeography, and resource ... More


Walking in the crayfish and lobster

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Walking with legs is the main form of locomotion in most species of decapod Crustacea. This chapter focuses on the walking movements in molluscs such as crayfish and lobster. In addition, some ... More


Walking in the stick insect and locust

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter focuses on locomotion in stick insects and locusts. To walk with their six legs is the main form of land locomotion in most insects. Most of the information available on the nervous ... More


General organization of the locomotor control system in the cat

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter focuses on the idea that during locomotion, each of the four limbs is driven by its individual control mechanism, which is relatively independent of the controllers for the other limbs. ... More


Crustacea: Introduction

Claudia Castellani and Marianne Wootton

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an introduction to the Crustacea, one of the most abundant and diverse components of the plankton. Within a single net-haul, the vast diversity within this group, coupled with ... More


Introducing Crabs

Judith S. Weis

in Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This introductory chapter looks into the physiology and diversity of crabs, including certain species which defy conventional definitions of what a crab is. It largely concerns itself with the ... More


The Vaupes Arch and Casiquiare Canal: Barriers and Passages

Kirk O. Winemiller and Stuart C. Willis

in Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268685
eISBN:
9780520948501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268685.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the relationship between the fish faunas of the Amazon and Orinoco river basins and the distributions of species across the Vaupes Arch region and the Casiquiare Canal. It ... More


Functional Anatomy of the Reproductive System

Laura S. Lόpez Greco

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter briefly describes the diversity in the functional morphology of the crustacean reproductive organs from both macroscopic and microscopic approaches. The genital ducts in both females and ... More


Structure of the Nervous System: General Design and Gross Anatomy

Jeremy M. Sullivan and Jens Herberholz

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The myriad behaviors characteristic of crustaceans reflect the diverse lifestyles (pelagic, benthic, terrestrial, parasitic, sessile) of this large taxon. These behaviors are controlled by nervous ... More


Comments on Crustacean Biodiversity and Disparity of Body Plans

Frederick R. Schram

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The science of natural history is built on twin pillars: cataloging the species found in nature, and reflecting on the variety and function of body plans into which these species fit. We often use ... More


Evolution of Crustacean Appendages

Joachim T. Haug, Andreas Maas, Carolin Haug, and Dieter Waloszek

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The evolutionary history of the postantennular appendages of Crustacea is reviewed, including information on limb development early in the evolutionary lineage of this taxon. Further changes of the ... More


Sea and lake ice

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Sea ice covers a significant area of the polar regions, particularly in winter. This chapter discusses the formation and nature of different types of sea ice. The biological makeup of sea ice ... More


Phylum Arthropoda

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0044
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Arthropoda is one of the largest phyla in the animal kingdom, with the insects alone purportedly consisting of several million living species. The other arthropods are estimated to be more than ... More


The Countenance of Nature Transformed, 1861–1869

David A. West

in Darwin's Man in Brazil: The Evolving Science of Fritz Müller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062600
eISBN:
9780813051581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062600.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

In reaction to Darwin’s On theOrigin of Species, which he read in October 1861, Müller reorganized his ongoing research on crustacea. One result was his Für Darwin, published in 1864, utilizing ... More


Seagrass Communities

Peter J. Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716549
eISBN:
9780191802676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Epiphytic algae settle on seagrass fronds, reducting photosynthesis. Gastropod molluscs browse the epiphytic flora, and may also damage or destroy the seagrasses themselves. Other gastropod species ... More


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