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The Pollination of Crops

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the pollination of crops. Animal pollination is important to the large majority of important crops, including those directly eaten by humans. However, there are differing ... More


What Won’t Work: Misguided Mimicry of Natural Ecosystems

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers four ideas—suggested by Wes Jackson and Jon Piper in the classic paper, “The necessary marriage between ecology and agriculture”—for how agriculture might attempt to mimic ... More


WEEDS, GENE FLOW, AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter offers a discussion of why many weeds spread invasively whereas most crops and native species do not. It also looks into pollen flow from genetically engineered crops.


Arable land

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Arable (also known as rowcrop fields) is land that is cultivated regularly for production of food and, increasingly, bioenergy. The value of arable land to wildlife is heavily influenced by the ... More


Environmental Impact of Exotic Bees Introduced for Crop Pollination

Carlos H. Vergara

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reviews currently available information on the success of introduced pollinators, their effects on native ecosystems, and examines the viability of using native pollinators to prevent ... More


Artificial selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Artificial selection provides a means of validating evolutionary principles, and is the basis of applied evolutionary biology. This chapter describes both short-term and long-term responses to ... More


Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination

Lora A. Morandin

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Genetic modification (GM) of crops has been accompanied by concerns of environmental impact, including effects to beneficial organisms such as bees. Currently, most commercial GM crops are modified ... More


Reticulate evolution and beneficial organisms—part III

Michael L. Arnold

in Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter surveys a set of plant species and species complexes from which Homo sapiens derives nourishment. It highlights the reticulate nature of human food sources by discussing data for plants ... More


Mixed Farming and Limited Specialization: Methods and Means of Intensification

Michael Decker

in Tilling the Hateful Earth: Agricultural Production and Trade in the Late Antique East

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565283
eISBN:
9780191721724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565283.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 7 continues to explore agrarian change, by examining the means of intensification. As arable land became more restricted, and less favourable plots in dry regions came to be relied upon, late ... More


Agroterrorism: The Very Food on Your Plate (and the Water in Your Glass)

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

If the purpose of bioterrorism is social and economic disruption, and the spread of fear and uncertainty across as many people as possible, for as long as possible, disruption of food and water ... More


People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Denis J Murphy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This book provides an overview of human-plant interactions and their social consequences, from the hunter-gatherers of the Palaeolithic Era to the 21st century molecular manipulation of crops. It ... More


Darwinian Agriculture’s Three Core Principles

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the three core principles of Darwinian agriculture. First, natural selection is fast enough, and has been improving plants and animals for long enough, that it has left few ... More


What Won’t Work: Tradeof-Blind Biotechnology

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the challenge of improving crop resource-use efficiency using biotechnology or traditional plant breeding. It argues that some of biotechnology's stated goals, such as more ... More


Cereal Killers

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses fungal diseases of staple cereal crops and their historical and contemporary effects upon agriculture and civilization. Two thousand years ago, the Romans tried to combat wheat ... More


Crops and Weeds: It's Hard to Be a Wild Thing When You're Domesticated

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

There is a trend towards embracing nature and the acceptance of natural products, even though humans have altered virtually everything. A case in point is food and food crops. No natural human food ... More


Better Living through Biology: Not Killing the Good Insects by Accident

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

The monarch butterfly attracted attention as a target of biotechnology risks because it is showy. But what about more obscure but beneficial insects? Would they be harmed by transgenic plants? After ... More


Farming Practice and Techniques

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter tests the traditional appreciation of farming in the past, based on crop rotations of two or three crops followed by a fallow year, against the evidence-based practice of 18th- and ... More


Inscriptions and Identities of Rural Population Groups in Roman Asia Minor

Christof Schuler

in Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265062
eISBN:
9780191754173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265062.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter is an essay in cultural history, exploring the relationship between the forms of epigraphical expression and the expectations of the intended audiences. It does so by studying the ... More


Population Growth, Employment Expansion and Technological Change

Christopher Bliss, Peter Lanjouw, and Nicholas Stern

in Economic Development in Palanpur over Five Decades

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288329
eISBN:
9780191596599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288328.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Provides a detailed examination of the key forces of change in Palanpur over the survey period. The more than doubling of the village population over the survey period is analysed. The expansion of ... More


Seeds of Destruction: Conflagration in the Grain Stores of Dichin

P. GRINTER

in The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264027
eISBN:
9780191734908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter reviews the preliminary results and methodology used in the archaeobotanical research programme at Dichin, a multi-period late Roman site in Bulgaria. The remarkable state of ... More


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