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The Pollination of Crops

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the pollination of crops. Animal pollination is important to the large majority of important crops, including those directly eaten by humans. However, there are differing ... More


What Won’t Work: Misguided Mimicry of Natural Ecosystems

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers four ideas—suggested by Wes Jackson and Jon Piper in the classic paper, “The necessary marriage between ecology and agriculture”—for how agriculture might attempt to mimic ... More


WEEDS, GENE FLOW, AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter offers a discussion of why many weeds spread invasively whereas most crops and native species do not. It also looks into pollen flow from genetically engineered crops.


Reticulate evolution and beneficial organisms—part III

Michael L. Arnold

in Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter surveys a set of plant species and species complexes from which Homo sapiens derives nourishment. It highlights the reticulate nature of human food sources by discussing data for plants ... More


Arable land

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Arable (also known as rowcrop fields) is land that is cultivated regularly for production of food and, increasingly, bioenergy. The value of arable land to wildlife is heavily influenced by the ... More


Environmental Impact of Exotic Bees Introduced for Crop Pollination

Carlos H. Vergara

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reviews currently available information on the success of introduced pollinators, their effects on native ecosystems, and examines the viability of using native pollinators to prevent ... More


Artificial selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Artificial selection provides a means of validating evolutionary principles, and is the basis of applied evolutionary biology. This chapter describes both short-term and long-term responses to ... More


Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination

Lora A. Morandin

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Genetic modification (GM) of crops has been accompanied by concerns of environmental impact, including effects to beneficial organisms such as bees. Currently, most commercial GM crops are modified ... More


Agroterrorism: The Very Food on Your Plate (and the Water in Your Glass)

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

If the purpose of bioterrorism is social and economic disruption, and the spread of fear and uncertainty across as many people as possible, for as long as possible, disruption of food and water ... More


Mixed Farming and Limited Specialization: Methods and Means of Intensification

Michael Decker

in Tilling the Hateful Earth: Agricultural Production and Trade in the Late Antique East

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565283
eISBN:
9780191721724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565283.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 7 continues to explore agrarian change, by examining the means of intensification. As arable land became more restricted, and less favourable plots in dry regions came to be relied upon, late ... More


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