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The Antisocial Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the arguments that claim that human antisocial behavior—notably impulsivity, aggression, and related forms of criminal conduct—have neurobiological roots. While neurobiological ... More


Smarter Ways to Fight Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

By 2001, the federal government was spending more than $5.3 billion each year to help states and cities combat crime, on top of the many billions allocated locally. In many instances, the money was ... More


Victims’ Rights in England and Wales at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century

Paul Rock

in Understanding Social Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the way in which the victim of crime, the ‘forgotten party’ of the criminal justice system has started to regain something of the standing of an interested party with recognised ... More


The Machinery of Criminal Justice

Stephanos Bibas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195374681
eISBN:
9780199933204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374681.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Two centuries ago the criminal justice system was primarily run by laymen. In court, victims and defendants interacted face to face while lay jurors from the community sat in judgment. Jury trials ... More


The Right to a Fair Trial

Brice Dickson

in The European Convention on Human Rights and the Conflict in Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571383
eISBN:
9780191721854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571383.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Article 6 of the European Convention, which protects the right to a fair hearing, is the most frequently invoked Convention article, not just in the United Kingdom but in Strasbourg too. Not ... More


The Victimization of Women: Law, Policies, and Politics

Michelle L. Meloy and Susan L. Miller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765102
eISBN:
9780199944187
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765102.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This book presents a balanced and comprehensive summary of the most significant research on the victimizations, violence, and victim politics that disproportionately affect women. The chapters ... More


The Republican Democratization of Criminal Law and Justice

José Luis Martí

in Legal Republicanism: National and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559169
eISBN:
9780191720956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559169.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter presents a brief characterization of penal republicanism in general and explores the concrete implications of one of the main principles supported by that theory: the principle of ... More


Privilege or Punish: Criminal Justice and the Challenge of Family Ties

Dan Markel, Jennifer M. Collins, and Ethan J. Leib

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380064
eISBN:
9780199855308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380064.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book answers two basic but under-appreciated questions: first, how does the American criminal justice system address a defendant's family status? And, second, how should a defendant's family ... More


Discretion and Its Discontents

Samuel Walker

in Taming the System: The Control of Discretion in Criminal Justice, 1950–1990

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078206
eISBN:
9780199854202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078206.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Two Black men serve as symbols of the bitter politics of crime and justice in contemporary America: Edward Garner and Willie Horton. This chapter presents how the Garner and Horton controversies ... More


Administration of German Criminal Justice Under Military Government: (July 29,1944)

Otto Kircheimer

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0021
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the administration of criminal justice in Germany under military government. The report claims that German criminal law conflicts in many respects not only with the theories ... More


The Plea-Bargaining Problem

Samuel Walker

in Taming the System: The Control of Discretion in Criminal Justice, 1950–1990

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078206
eISBN:
9780199854202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078206.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Plea bargaining is often confronted with several criticisms and these are presented at the beginning of this chapter. However, the chapter emphasizes that plea bargaining should not be considered as ... More


When National Politics Met Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Crime first became a major national issue in the 1964 presidential contest between incumbent Democrat Lyndon Johnson and Republican challenger Barry Goldwater. The rising crime rates prompted ... More


wOpaque, Unresponsive Criminal Justice

Stephanos Bibas

in The Machinery of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195374681
eISBN:
9780199933204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374681.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter describes the tussle for control of today's hidden, lawyer-run, plea-bargaining assembly line. That system looks quite different from the lay-run, public morality play that preceded it. ... More


For a Comprehensive Theory

John Braithwaite and Philip Pettit

in Not Just Deserts: A Republican Theory of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240563
eISBN:
9780191680205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240563.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 1 expressed some initial reservations about how narrow theories of punishment foster an inclination to view punishment as the only appropriate response to crime. This chapter argues that what ... More


Banishment Reconsidered

Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert

in Banished: The New Social Control In Urban America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195395174
eISBN:
9780199943319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395174.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses the question of whether a society should banish or not. It explores the possible alternatives to banishment and stresses the need to decrease the economic and social inequality ... More


The Contemporary Disenfranchisement Regime

Jeff Manza and Christopher Uggen

in Locked Out: Felon Disenfranchisement and American Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195149326
eISBN:
9780199943975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149326.003.0022
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter analyzes the sources of rising rates of felon disenfranchisement and outlines some explanations for the growth of American correctional populations. The largest part of this growth is ... More


The Victim as Consumer

Paul Rock

in Constructing Victims' Rights: The Home Office, New Labour, and Victims

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199275496
eISBN:
9780191699832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275496.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines changes in the representation of the victim as a vaguely empowered consumer of criminal justices services in Great Britain during the period from 1997 to 2001. During this ... More


A Normative Framework for Family Ties Benefits

Dan Markel, Jennifer M. Collins, and Ethan J. Leib

in Privilege or Punish: Criminal Justice and the Challenge of Family Ties

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380064
eISBN:
9780199855308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380064.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter shifts from the descriptive to the normative, as it considers the factors that should help determine whether a particular accommodation of family interests by the criminal justice system ... More


The Criminal Justice System and Health Care

Charles A. Erin and Suzanne Ost (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228294
eISBN:
9780191711343
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228294.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book analyses how the criminal justice system regulates health care practice, and to what extent it can and should be used as a tool to resolve ethical conflict in health care. For most of the ... More


wWhose Voices Belong in Criminal Justice?

Stephanos Bibas

in The Machinery of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195374681
eISBN:
9780199933204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374681.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers the addition of new and different lay voices to criminal justice. The state's monopoly on criminal justice blinds it to the valuable human interests and needs that outsiders ... More


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