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New York City’s Natural Experiment

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0071
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines crime in New York City, but uses New York as a laboratory for new theories about the linkage between crime and social structure in urban American life. New York City received a ... More


Crime, Punishment, and Social Disorder: Crime Rates and Trends in Public Opinion over More Than Three Decades

James D. Wright, Jana L. Jasinski, and Drew Noble Lanier

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

In 1980, Arthur Stinchcombe, Tom Smith, Garth Taylor, and several additional coauthors published Crime and Punishment—Changing Attitudes in America. The book reviewed public opinion data from the ... More


The Usual Suspects: Imprisonment, Demography, and the Economy

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0026
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter covers discussion during and after the 1990s of factors that had long been considered as potential crime prevention—incarceration, demography, and economic expansion. With respect to ... More


What Happens Next?

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0081
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses a single question: How low can crime rates drop without major changes in the character of American life? It begins with an analysis of crime since the turn of the century. ... More


Progeny of the 1990s: Three New Explanations of Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0040
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the three theorized causes of crime declines in increasing order of novelty—first police, then the rise and fall of crack cocaine, and finally the impact of increased access to ... More


Which Twin Has the Toni?: Some Statistical Lessons from Canada

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0047
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter identifies parallels between Canadian crime trends in the 1990s and those in the United States. First, it presents detailed records of Canadian crime trends over the period after 1980 ... More


Incarceration and Crime

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the relation between incarceration and crime. It suggests that prisons can prevent crime in two ways: incapacitation and deterrence. It explains that incapacitation occurs when ... More


The Size and Character of the Crime Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter presents a statistical profile of how crime dropped in the 1990s. The aim is to describe the character of the crime decline, and this is done by presenting statistics that illustrate the ... More


A Safe City Now?

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The lesson of Chapter 1 is that New York City has experienced a decline in rates of serious crime that is unprecedented in modern American history. This chapter focuses on the current circumstances ... More


Seven Lessons from the 1990s

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0091
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter isolates seven important lessons that can be derived from the known facts regarding crime in the 1990s and provides a brief summary of the evidence for each. These lessons are as ... More


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