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New York: Elite Pragmatism and Managerialism

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter analyzes how New York's democratic process has been informed by a mix of pragmatism and elitism, a tension between providing for the public good and private self‐interest. In this ... More


The Empirical Evidence for Hot Spots Policing

Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

in Policing Problem Places: Crime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195341966
eISBN:
9780199866847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Evidence‐based crime prevention is a part of a larger and increasingly expanding movement in social policy to use scientific research evidence to guide program development and implementation. In ... More


The Case of California: Neopopulism and Retribution

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details the case study of California. It shows how a democratic process based on polarized populism led to a retributive penal regime, with high rates of imprisonment for all kinds of ... More


The Environment for Optimism: Crime Trends and Attitudes about the Effectiveness of Crime Policies

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0022
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is about a second “great divide” in attitudes about government and appropriate crime policy. The focus is not on the well-known ideological battle between left and right about crime ... More


Lessons for American Crime Control

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses what the entire two decades of the New York experience teaches about the major assumptions Americans have been making about methods to control crime and violence. It argues ... More


Imprisonment and the Democratic Process

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter identifies the chronic long‐term differences in American penal sanctioning, highlighting unexplained subnational imprisonment variation. It asks why the American states established ... More


Policing in New York City

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is a four-part down payment on the comprehensive portrait of the New York experience that the two-decade history of policing deserves. The first section provides a short history of ... More


The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Franklin E. Zimring

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The 40% drop in crime that occurred across the U.S. from 1991 to 2000 largely remains an unsolved mystery. Even more puzzling then is the crime rate drop in New York City, which lasted twice as long ... More


Democratic Governance, Social Trust, and Penal Order

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter summarizes the key findings of the study and points to theoretical, empirical, and public policy implications. It highlights the role of civic engagement, social trust, the resiliency of ... More


Distributive Principles of Criminal Law: Who Should be Punished How Much

Paul H. Robinson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195365757
eISBN:
9780199867684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365757.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The rules governing who will be punished and how much determine a society's success in two of its most fundamental functions: doing justice and protecting citizens from crime. Drawing from the ... More


The Public Image of Miranda and Why It Is Incomplete

Lawrence S. Wrightsman and Mary L. Pitman

in The Miranda Ruling: Its Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730902
eISBN:
9780199776986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730902.003.001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Two recent Supreme Court decisions are examined in depth to illustrate the inconsistencies and other problems in the current application of the Miranda ruling. Conflicting values of due process and ... More


Policy Predicament: Adaptation, Denial, and Acting Out

David Garland

in The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199258024
eISBN:
9780191698491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258024.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explains the recent developments in crime control from the point of view of the governmental agencies and political actors directly responsible for policy formation. It describes the ... More


The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society

David Garland

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199258024
eISBN:
9780191698491
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258024.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book charts the changes in crime control and criminal justice that have occurred in Britain and America. It then explains these transformations by showing how the social organization of late ... More


Order & Disorder: Crime, War, and Terrorism

Susan W. Brenner

in Cyber Threats: The Emerging Fault Lines of the Nation State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385014
eISBN:
9780199855414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385014.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter argues that the rules modern human social systems devise to maintain system order are, almost exclusively, territorially based. That is, each system, or society, is situated in a ... More


A Practical Theory of Justice: Proposal for a Hybrid Distributive Principle Centered on Empirical Desert

Paul H. Robinson

in Distributive Principles of Criminal Law: Who Should be Punished How Much

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195365757
eISBN:
9780199867684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365757.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter proposes a hybrid distributive principle centered on empirical desert. A summary of the proposed distributive principle includes: primary principle of empirical desert, inconspicuous ... More


The Two Bail Reform Movements

Samuel Walker

in Taming the System: The Control of Discretion in Criminal Justice, 1950–1990

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078206
eISBN:
9780199854202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078206.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Two bail reform movements are presented in this chapter. The first concerns the national bail reform movement that emerged in the 1960s, emphasizing justice for the poor and seeking to reduce ... More


A History of the Present

David Garland

in The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199258024
eISBN:
9780191698491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258024.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter argues that the historical trajectory of British and American crime control over the last three decades has been almost exactly the contrary of that which was anticipated as recently as ... More


The Genesis of the ‘Partnership’ Approach and Appeals to ‘Community’ in Crime Control

Adam Crawford

in The Local Governance of Crime: Appeals to Community and Partnerships

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298458
eISBN:
9780191685446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298458.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter describes the genesis of the ‘partnership’ approach and the recent rebirth of appeals to ‘community’ and ‘prevention’ within contemporary British crime-control policy and practice. It ... More


The Utility of Desert

Paul H. Robinson

in Distributive Principles of Criminal Law: Who Should be Punished How Much

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195365757
eISBN:
9780199867684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365757.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the crime-control value of the empirical desert. It argues that a number of specific crime-control powers become available to a system if, and only if, it earns with the ... More


The New Culture of Crime Control

David Garland

in The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199258024
eISBN:
9780191698491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258024.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter gives a more structural perspective of crime control and focuses on the crime control field that has emerged as a result of these converging yet conflicting actions and decisions. The ... More


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