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Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Miranda Fricker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Justice is one of the oldest and most central themes of philosophy, but sometimes we would do well to focus instead on injustice. In epistemology, the very idea that there is a first-order ethical ... More


Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Lorraine Code

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Arguing that ecological thinking can animate an epistemology capable of addressing feminist, multicultural, and other post-colonial concerns, this book critiques the instrumental rationality, ... More


 NEGOTIATING EMPIRICISM

Lorraine Code

in Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In this chapter, an analysis of “statements of fact” in two domains of natural knowledge-making — medicine and law — shows how they enact sedimented assumptions about women, blacks, and other ... More


 PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE, PUBLIC TRUST:: Toward Democratic Epistemic Practices

Lorraine Code

in Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Taking its point of departure from the suppression of research findings by a Canadian drug company with a vested interest in keeping them from the public eye, this chapter reads the ambiguous ... More


Public Policy and Administration: Ideas, Interests and Institutions

Giandomenico Majone

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides an account of the transformation of policy‐making. From the top‐down state‐centric approach and from the bottom‐up grassroots popularism of the 60s and 70s, policy‐making now reflects an ... More


Introduction: Mediocre Élites Elected by Mediocre Peoples

Ralf Dahrendorf

in Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280354
eISBN:
9780191599422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280351.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The re‐emergence in the 1990s of a credibility gap between political leaders and the electorate is characterized by five features: there is a continuing erosion of the class basis of politics; the ... More


Delegation of Powers and the Fiduciary Principle

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Broad delegation of powers to supranational institutions is a distinctive feature of the Community method. Broad delegation presupposes a fiduciary relation, hence, the progressive erosion of the ... More


Interpreting Public Policy: Normative Frames and Methodological Issues

Frank Fischer

in Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242641
eISBN:
9780191599255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924264X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the second of four chapters offering a postempiricist methodology for policy inquiry based on the logic of practical discourse, and explores the role of interpretation in policy analysis. ... More


System Reform

Emilie M. Hafner-Burton

in Making Human Rights a Reality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155357
eISBN:
9781400846283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155357.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter considers areas where reforms could make the international human rights legal system more effective and influential. In particular, it examines just what kinds of reforms are achievable ... More


The Politics of Transparency and the Moral Work of Truth

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

The proliferation of truth commissions and the establishment of a “right to truth” concerning human rights violations embody a politics of transparency that makes moral claims for truth telling about ... More


 International Agreements

Andrew T Guzman

in How International Law Works: A Rational Choice Theory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195305562
eISBN:
9780199867004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305562.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes the most important source of international law – the international agreement. It first explains why it is appropriate to think of states as being risk neutral rather than risk ... More


PRACTICING SCIENCE: An Overview

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 1 presents an overview of the two central activities of the scientific process: discovery (learning new things about the world) and credibility (convincing other researchers that the new ... More


CREDIBILITY: Validating Discovery Claims

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 3 describes how, through the credibility process, the individual's mine, here, now transforms into the community's anyone, anywhere, anytime. The possibility of credible knowledge represents ... More


Testimonial Injustice

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter formulates a working definition of social power, and identifies and defines a sub-type — identity power. The first kind of epistemic injustice is explored: testimonial injustice, wherein ... More


Prejudice in the Credibility Economy

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends an account of stereotypes, according to which stereotypes are (reliable or unreliable) widely-held associations of an attribute(s) and a social group. A conception of prejudice ... More


The Virtue of Testimonial Justice

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an initial account of a virtue to counteract the ever-present risk of doing testimonial injustices: the virtue of testimonial justice. The hearer who possesses this virtue ... More


 Planning Ahead

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter consolidates the ideas necessary to understand the strategic form of a game. Payoff functions are introduced, and strategic forms of versions of Duel and Russian Roulette illustrate the ... More


Bayesian estimating functions

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter demonstrates that the numerical methods of earlier chapters are not constrained by statistical philosophy. The theory of Bayesian estimating functions is developed. It is shown that this ... More


‘A Popish priest is a certain seducer’:1 Catholics and Anti-Catholicism

Peter Hinds

in ‘The Horrid Popish Plot’: Roger L’Estrange and the Circulation of Political Discourse in Late Seventeenth-Century London

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264430
eISBN:
9780191733994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264430.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter discusses the activities of Parliament in relation to Catholics during the first few months following the plot revelations. One section looks at the representations of Catholics and ... More


Introduction: Rumor: Plausible and Credible

Gary Alan Fine and Bill Ellis

in The Global Grapevine: Why Rumors of Terrorism, Immigration, and Trade Matter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736317
eISBN:
9780199866458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736317.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Rumor and legend are a culture's way of dealing with rapid changes in its worldview, such as has occurred in an America increasingly impacted by contact with the international world. Terrorism, ... More


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