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Putting the Pica Pieces Together

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter first discusses what we know about pica. Specifically that pica is ubiquitous; pica may be adaptive; pica is not due to hunger; pica is unlikely to contribute micronutrients to the diet; ... More


Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Gordon Shepherd

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This book embarks on a paradigm-shifting trip through the “human brain flavor system,” laying the foundations for a new scientific field: neurogastronomy. Challenging the belief that the sense of ... More


Flavor and Emotions

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses the regions of the brain that produce emotion by creating “images of desire”. It asks: What kind of brain activity represents our motivation to desire a flavor, our emotion ... More


Flavor and Obesity

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter explains how fast foods capture the human brain flavor system with excessive activation, and how this leads to poor nutrition and obesity. The popularity of McDonald's French fries, for ... More


Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Sera Young

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book provides a portrait of pica, or non-food cravings, from earliest times to current times. It explains how humans have eaten earth, on purpose, for more than 2,300 years and that people also ... More


What on Earth?

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Pica is the scientific term for the craving and subsequent consumption of non-food items. While earth is the most commonly craved substance, the list of pica substances includes cornstarch, ice (if ... More


A Biocultural Approach: A Holistic Way to Study Pica

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter outlines the biocultural framework, which is the perspective used to study pica. This framework spans both biology and culture. It encompasses the physical environment in which we have ... More


Poisons and Pathogens

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter returns to what is clearly demarcated pica behavior, the purposive ingestion of craved non-food substances, and explores its purported negative consequences from a much more biomedical ... More


Dismissal and Damnation: A Historical Perspective on the Purported Causes of Pica

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter deals with how, for centuries, pica has been considered to be a behavior that is at best useless, and at worst injurious. It presents six groups of people who have historically been ... More


Pica as a Micronutrient Supplement

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter continues the discussion began in Chapter 7 and explores the possibility that a micronutrient deficiency motivates pica. It examines predictions that can be made from this hypothesis: ... More


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