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How the Laws of Physics Lie

Nancy Cartwright

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247043
eISBN:
9780191597152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247044.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Nancy Cartwright argues for a novel conception of the role of fundamental scientific laws in modern natural science. If we attend closely to the manner in which theoretical laws figure in the ... More


The Truth Doesn't Explain Much

Nancy Cartwright

in How the Laws of Physics Lie

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247043
eISBN:
9780191597152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247044.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The standard view of explanation in science—the covering law model—assumes that knowledge of laws lies at the basis of our ability to explain phenomena. But in fact most of the high‐level claims in ... More


Criteria of Merit for Explanations of Individual Events

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the criteria of merit for explanations of individual events. It first introduces Hempel's theory of explanation for individual events. The covering laws for both proofs and ... More


Other Things Being Equal

Paul M. Pietroski

in Causing Actions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

One can often explain the fact that a certain event occurred by citing the occurrence of a prior event, along with a suitable ceteris paribus law. Far from being vacuous, such laws have substantive ... More


Explanation and Causal Relevance

Carl F. Craver

in Explaining the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a causal-mechanical view of explanation in neuroscience by arguing against three other philosophical accounts of scientific explanation: Paul Churchland's representational ... More


Causal Explanation

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues for the thesis that to explain an event is to provide some information about its causal history. This involves showing that there are no noncausal explanations of particular events, ... More


Alternative Models of Scientific Explanation

Wesley C. Salmon and Merrilee H. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Coauthored with Merrilee Salmon, addresses archaeologists and other anthropologists interested in the nature of scientific explanation. A group called the new archaeologists, concerned to assure the ... More


Malebranche: Vision in God and Occasionalism

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is characteristic of both occasionalism and vision in God that they place man in a condition of extreme dependence on God; indeed, they might be seen respectively as ontological and ... More


Essence, Laws, and Explanation

Boris Kment

in Modality and Explanatory Reasoning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199604685
eISBN:
9780191758928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604685.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 6 develops the working account of essence, grounding, and fundamentality that will be applied in the rest of the book. After a discussion of the logical form of essential truths and of how to ... More


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