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Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

C. Julian Chen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM), both capable of visualizing and manipulating individual atoms, are the cornerstones of nanoscience and nanotechnology ... More


The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Hydrogen bond (H-bond) effects are well known: it makes sea water liquid, joins cellulose microfibrils in sequoia trees, shapes DNA into chromosomes, and polypeptide chains into wool, hair, muscles, ... More


Atomic Forces and Tunneling

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a unified theory of tunneling phenomenon and covalent bond force, as a result of the similarity between the Bardeen theory of tunneling and the Herring-Landau theory of the ... More


Surface Molecular Property Control

Robin L. Garrell and Heather D. Maynard

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

Current technologies to modify surfaces and control the surface properties are reviewed, with particular emphasis on alterations for biomedical and bioanalytical applications. A brief tutorial on the ... More


Covalent Bonding in Molecules

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter covers covalent bonding in small molecules, starting from hydrogen molecule ions and hydrogen molecules, and then proceeding to homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules, and ... More


Atomic Forces

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the physics and properties of four types of atomic forces occurring in STM and AFM: the van der Waals force, the hard core repulsion, the ionic bond, and the covalent bond. The ... More


Molecules and Other Failures

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Bohr and his allies in quantum theory made use of chemical data, but without taking chemistry seriously. Conversely, Bohr’s atom theory was received with scepticism by the chemists, who did not find ... More


The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry

I. David Brown

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198742951
eISBN:
9780191802935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742951.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The bond valence model is a version of the ionic model in which the chemical constraints are expressed in terms of localized chemical bonds formed by the valence charge of the atoms. Theorems derived ... More


Bonding, Structure and Solid-State Chemistry

Mark Ladd

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198729945
eISBN:
9780191818783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729945.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book is aimed at undergraduate students in both chemistry and those degree subjects in which chemistry forms a significant part. It does not reflect any particular academic year, and so finds a ... More


Carbon in atomic, molecular and crystalline (3D and 2D) forms

E. L. Wolf

in Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The carbon atom is discussed in the Bohr and Schrödinger pictures. Radii and energies of core and valence states are estimated. Ionization levels of carbon are used to estimate properties at variable ... More


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