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Bōtaihō: Organised Crime Countermeasures—Japanese Style

Peter B. E. Hill

in The Japanese Mafia: Yakuza, Law, and the State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257522
eISBN:
9780191601026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257523.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Deals with the response of the state to organized crime. During the early 1990s a new anti‐yakuza law was introduced. Having discussed the reasons for this law's introduction, this law is described ... More


State Responsibility for International Terrorism

Kimberley N. Trapp

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199592999
eISBN:
9780191729102
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592999.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The rules of State responsibility have an important but under-utilised role to play in the terrorism context. They determine both whether a breach of primary obligations has occurred, through the ... More


Genetically Modified Pathogens

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

It is likely that within not too many years, we will have effectively neutralized most if not all of the CDC A-list agents as potential bioterror weapons. But for some time now scientists have been ... More


Measures Taken Outside the Self-Defence Framework

Noam Lubell

in Extraterritorial Use of Force Against Non-State Actors

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584840
eISBN:
9780191594540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584840.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter questions whether extraterritorial use of force against non-state actors might, in certain conditions, not be a breach of international law, even if taken outside the framework of ... More


The Power and Purpose of International Law: Insights from the Theory and Practice of Enforcement

Mary Ellen O'Connell

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195368949
eISBN:
9780199871100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368949.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

International law supports order in the world and the attainment of humanity's fundamental goals of advancing peace, prosperity, human rights, and environmental protection. Yet, there have been ... More


Sleep and shift-work

J. Axelsson, G. Kecklund, and M. Sallinen

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The rapid development of the modern society has resulted in a growing population of workers that have to work around the clock. However, working at other times (which is what a shift-worker does) ... More


Safety

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Safety, or safety science, refers to the application of technology, behavioral science and administrative controls to prevent incidents resulting in injury, property loss and lost productivity. ... More


Disobeying the Security Council: Countermeasures against Wrongful Sanctions

Antonios Tzanakopoulos

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600762
eISBN:
9780191725210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600762.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book examines how the United Nations Security Council, in exercising its power to impose binding non-forcible measures (‘sanctions’) under Article 41 of the UN Charter, may violate international ... More


Measures adopted in response to international terrorism

Kimberley N. Trapp

in State Responsibility for International Terrorism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199592999
eISBN:
9780191729102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592999.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Chapter 5 analyses the implementation of State responsibility for international terrorism through the adoption of non-military measures aimed at securing a wrongdoing State’s compliance with its ... More


Implementation through Self-Enforcement

Antonios Tzanakopoulos

in Disobeying the Security Council: Countermeasures against Wrongful Sanctions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600762
eISBN:
9780191725210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600762.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines how the responsibility of the UN for wrongful Security Council sanctions can be implemented. The normal way of implementation of responsibility in a decentralized legal system ... More


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