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Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book is an introduction to three methods of quantitative synthesis—meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost-effectiveness analysis. These methods are used widely to summarize information in ... More


Limitations

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.17
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Having taken a position of advocacy for the use of the three synthesis methods in the first sixteen chapters, this chapter identifies the serious limitations of the methods both theoretical and ... More


Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Improve Health Care: Opportunities and barriers

Peter J. Neumann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171860
eISBN:
9780199865345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171860.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is widely agreed that cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) could shed light on ways for the U.S. health care system to achieve better value. However, to date American policy makers have largely ... More


Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health and Medicine: Experiences since the Original Panel

Peter J. Neumann, Louise B. Russell, Joanna E. Siegel, Lisa A. Prosser, Murray Krahn, Jeanne S. Mandelblatt, Norman Daniels, and Marthe R. Gold

in Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190492939
eISBN:
9780190492960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492939.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the potential of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) in health and medicine and the ways in which the technique has been applied. Since the original Panel’s work, CEA has become ... More


Economic Issues Associated with Incorporating Cost-Effectiveness Analysis into Public Coverage Decisions in the United States

Anupam B. Jena and Tomas J. Philipson

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter reviews the role of cost-effective analysis (CEA) in treatment coverage determinations in the United States and discusses two important shortcomings of CEA. First, CEA can fail to ... More


The contribution of cost-effectiveness analysis

Guy Harling and Lee Soderstrom

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Organizations worldwide are struggling to cope with the HIV pandemic. They are confronted by a scarcity of resources that is particularly acute in Africa and other developing countries. This chapter ... More


Overview of the Methods

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the steps used in a systematic review and meta-analysis, a simple decision analysis, and a straightforward cost-effectiveness analysis. It makes liberal use of examples to ... More


Understanding the Resistance

Peter J. Neumann

in Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Improve Health Care: Opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171860
eISBN:
9780199865345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171860.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that resistance to CEA, in part, reflects American cultural conventions, which lean toward market-based solutions and away from government policies that examine returns on ... More


Planning the Study

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how to plan a study that uses methods described in this book. It describes why studies that use systematic review and meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost-effectiveness ... More


Introduction

Peter J. Neumann

in Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Improve Health Care: Opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171860
eISBN:
9780199865345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171860.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter describes the motivation for the book. It notes that the book is motivated by the thought that an inquiry into the uses and non-uses of CEA will yield important lessons ... More


Is more aggressive treatment of pediatric traumatic brain injury worth it?

J. Mick Tilford and Ali I. Raja

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem worldwide and is often referred to as the ‘silent epidemic’. The uncertainty faced by clinicians in treating children with severe brain injuries ... More


Economic evaluation of dengue prevention

Donald S. Shepard and Jose A. Suaya

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease which threatens half the world's population. This chapter first briefly examines an existing technology, larviciding, to control the mosquito which transmits ... More


Legal, Political, and Ethical Concerns

Peter J. Neumann

in Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Improve Health Care: Opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171860
eISBN:
9780199865345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171860.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes legal, political, and ethical concerns surrounding the use of cost-effectiveness analysis. It argues that each of these factors explains some of the resistance to CEA but also ... More


Imagining a Future for CEA

Peter J. Neumann

in Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Improve Health Care: Opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171860
eISBN:
9780199865345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171860.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

After twenty-five years of cost-effectiveness analysis in health and medicine, it is a good time to reassess its impact. Has cost-effectiveness analysis had any influence? The short answer is, “of ... More


Introduction

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter describes the overall objective of the book, which is to show how synthesis methods can be used to meet the challenge of making optimal use of existing information in making ... More


Estimating Probabilities

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how to select probability estimates for a decision analysis and how to justify the choice of probabilities. Because decision analytic models are often the basis for ... More


Sensitivity Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sensitivity analysis is an essential element of decision analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis. This chapter shows how to do sensitivity analysis. It describes one-way, two-way, and three-way ... More


The SWF Approach and Its Competitors

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter begins by introducing the social welfare function (SWF) approach. It then goes on to criticize the competing approaches to policy analysis that are currently dominant. Although SWFs are ... More


Economic evaluations of interventions for children in the developing world: The WHO-CHOICE approach

Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Moses Aikins, Robert Black, Lara Wolfson, Raymond Hutubessy, and David B. Evans

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There are logistical and analytical challenges when conducting economic evaluations in the developing world, ranging from lack of data on costs to determining generalizability. This chapter describes ... More


Theoretical Foundations of Medical Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: Implications for the Measurement of Benefits and Costs of Medical Interventions

David Meltzer

in Medical Care Output and Productivity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226132266
eISBN:
9780226132303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226132303.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Increasingly, both private and public health care institutions in the United States are looking toward medical cost-effectiveness analysis as they consider complex resource allocation decisions ... More


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