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Collective Induction

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses collective induction, the cooperative search for descriptive, predictive, and explanatory generalizations, rules, and principles. As a psychological process induction begins ... More


Group-to-Individual Problem-Solving Transfer

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines group-to-individual problem-solving transfer, the effect of experience in cooperative group problem solving on subsequent individual problem solving by the group members. Both ... More


Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of ... More


Statisticians, Data Centers, and the Organization of Large-Scale Clinical Trials

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio

in Cancer on Trial: Oncology as a New Style of Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226428918
eISBN:
9780226428932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226428932.003.0102
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines data centers, statisticians, data managers, and collaborators within cooperative oncology groups who took over the management of clinical trials and their results. It also ... More


Oncopolitics? Reshaping Collaborative Research

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio

in Cancer on Trial: Oncology as a New Style of Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226428918
eISBN:
9780226428932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226428932.003.0127
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the debates concerning the relations between the US cooperative oncology groups and the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) of the Division of Cancer Treatment (DCT). It ... More


Targeted Therapy and Clinical Cancer Research

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio

in Cancer on Trial: Oncology as a New Style of Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226428918
eISBN:
9780226428932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226428932.003.0154
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the major turning points in the clinical trial process and examines the consequences of the oncogene revolution for the conduct of clinical cancer trials. It begins with the ... More


Interdisciplinarity and Futures Research

Ana Marie Sandi

in International Research Management

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062526
eISBN:
9780199854905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062526.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

This chapter's goal is to discover the connections—both positive and inverse—between interdisciplinarity and research in the future context, anchored from both pragmatic and philosophical ... More


Co-operatives in health care: global prospects for the development of co-operatives as instruments of consumer-centred health care

Vern Hughes

in Mainstreaming Co-Operation: An Alternative for the Twenty-First Century?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719099595
eISBN:
9781526120731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099595.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter argues that consumer co-operatives offer great potential for health care reform that integrates care around the needs of consumers and contains health costs. Two case studies – of the ... More


Contemporary Accounts of Moral Progress

Allen Buchanan

in The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter lays out several alternative understandings of moral progress found in the contemporary literature of analytical moral and political philosophy. None of these amounts to a theory of ... More


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