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Kinetic Coefficients for Granular Gases of Viscoelastic Particles

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter analyzes the kinetic coefficients for granular gases of viscoleastic particles. The kinetic coefficients reveal a much more complicated time and temperature dependence than for the case ... More


Instability of The Homogeneous Cooling State

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The homogeneous cooling state of a granular gas is inherently unstable. The formation of vortices and clusters can by explained qualitatively by simple arguments. This chapter derives a set of ... More


Cooling Granular Gas — Haff's Law

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses cooling granular gas. During the first stage of its evolution, a force-free, initially uniform granular gas remains homogeneous, while the mean velocity of its particles ... More


William Thomson's Determinations of the Age of the Earth

Patrick N. Wyse Jackson

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on William Thomson's involvement in debates concerning the age of the Earth in the 19th century. Thomson applied himself to determining the age of the Earth in three ways: the ... More


Anglo Cultural Scripts Seen through Middle Eastern Eyes

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter introduces the theory of “cultural scripts” and shows how it can help to explain miscommunication between “Anglos” and people from other cultural backgrounds. The notion of “cultural ... More


Thermoregulation

Steven L. Chown and Sue W. Nicolson

in Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515494
eISBN:
9780191705649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515494.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Flight performance in insects is inextricably linked with behavioural and physiological thermoregulation. This chapter deals especially with the evolutionary implications of insect thermoregulation ... More


First analysis of macromolecular crystals

Sherin S. Abdel-Meguid, David Jeruzalmi, and Mark R. Sanderson

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The past decade and a half have witnessed an almost complete revolution in the way that macromolecular diffraction data are recorded. The promise of diffraction data measurements essentially free of ... More


In the Margins of Jazz History

Philippe Carles and Jean-Louis Comolli

in Free Jazz/Black Power

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628460391
eISBN:
9781626740846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628460391.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter looks more specifically at 20th century African American history, paralleling the evolution of African American musical and artistic forms and African American social and economic ... More


The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children's Culture

Gary Cross

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156669
eISBN:
9780199868254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156669.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The cute child — spunky, yet dependent, naughty but nice — is largely a 20th-century invention. This book examines how that look emerged in American popular culture and holidays and how the cute ... More


Gremlin Child How the Cute Became the Cool

Gary Cross

in The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children's Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156669
eISBN:
9780199868254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156669.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The 1984 film Gremlins is a classic example of how wondrous innocence can go astray. The adorable Gizmos on which we lavish love and attention in our typical middle-class homes can become the bratty ... More


Setting the Boundaries of Innocence

Gary Cross

in The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children's Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156669
eISBN:
9780199868254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156669.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Commercial culture abhors a vacuum and thus never leaves unsatisfied a marketable desire. Because modern adults often see their children's longings as innocent and kids' satisfactions as measures of ... More


Rethinking Innocence

Gary Cross

in The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children's Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156669
eISBN:
9780199868254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156669.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Innocence may define the modern child, but it has done so with great ambiguity. One version of the innocent presumes virginal sanctity in the spontaneous child, the other, a vulnerable but malleable ... More


NONNEUTRAL PLASMAS

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses nonneutral plasmas, which are plasmas consisting of particles with a single sign of charge. Nonneutral plasmas provide some unique research opportunities that are not available ... More


Light-Matter Interaction: Physics and Engineering at the Nanoscale, Second Edition

John Weiner and Frederico Nunes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796664
eISBN:
9780191837920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796664.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Light–matter interaction is pervasive throughout the disciplines of optical and atomic physics, condensed matter physics, and electrical engineering with frequency and length scales extending over ... More


Way Too Cool: Selling Out Race and Ethics

Shannon Winnubst

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231172950
eISBN:
9780231539883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172950.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Life, liberty, and the pursuit of cool have informed the American ethos since at least the 1970s. Whether we strive for it in politics or fashion, cool is big business for those who can sell it ... More


ELECTRON GAS HEATING

S. D. Ganichev and W. Prettl

in Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528302
eISBN:
9780191713637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528302.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is devoted to the heating and cooling of free carriers by terahertz radiation, focusing on nonlinear phenomena. Light impact ionization shows that at intense terahertz irradiation, ... More


Dipolar glasses

Robert Blinc

in Advanced Ferroelectricity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199570942
eISBN:
9780191728631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570942.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The physics of dipolar glasses is briefly discussed. It is shown that the local dipolar structure can be characterized by a local polarization distribution function and not by the homogeneous ... More


Introduction: A Very Uncool Book

Shannon Winnubst

in Way Too Cool: Selling Out Race and Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231172950
eISBN:
9780231539883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172950.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter introduces the stakes of studying cool as exemplifying the dehistoricizing, formalizing effects of neoliberal social rationalities. It then explains key terms in the manuscript: social ... More


Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198525844
eISBN:
9780191780059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Are the fundamental constants of Nature really constant? How can we build clocks that lose only a few seconds on the entire life of the Universe? This book answers these questions by illustrating the ... More


Nietzsche's New Direction

Robin Small

in Nietzsche and Rée: A Star Friendship

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199278077
eISBN:
9780191602702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278075.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Nietzsche learned from both the style and content of Rée’s work but used them in his own way. This chapter discusses Nietzsche’s understanding of the ‘historical approach to philosophy’, which he ... More


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