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Meaning, Understanding, and Practice: Philosophical Essays

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252145
eISBN:
9780191598487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252149.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Contains thirteen essays published by Barry Stroud between 1965 and 2000 on central topics in the philosophy of language and epistemology. In a volume that generally deals with the philosophical ... More


Shoring Up Foundations

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines the initial critique of justice‐based political theory. This critical movement was not so much a resistance to the idea of justice as to its Universalist pretensions. An attempt was thus ... More


New Conventions for Old

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Continues the theme of the previous chapter by examining more recent forms of conventionalist argument, particularly those that try to reconstitute and revivify an older political vocabulary. It ... More


Introduction: Alberti's Window, Leonardo's Mirror, and van Gogh's Room

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter reviews Nelson Goodman’s proposals concerning depiction, identifies problems with them, and suggests how they can be overcome without appealing to a perceptual account of pictorial ... More


Logical Necessity

David Pears

in Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199247707
eISBN:
9780191714481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247707.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Wittgenstein's anthropocentric treatment of logic is more difficult to accept, and even understand, than his anthropocentric treatment of the regular application of general words. There are also two ... More


Analyticity and Apriority (1993) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter criticizes the traditional conventionalist notion of analyticity. A notion of analyticity is proposed, on which sentences widely regarded as contingent a priori are, although indeed ... More


 Identity, Persistence, and Modality

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The hybrid theory of reference developed in Chapter 2 has important consequences for our understanding of metaphysical claims about identity, persistence, and modality, which are drawn out in this ... More


Clarifications

Caroline Jenkins

in Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231577
eISBN:
9780191716102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231577.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter distinguishes the book's project from other philosophical enterprises which bear some prima facie similarities to it. These range from linguistic conventionalism, through pragmatism, to ... More


Conclusion

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sums up the argument of the book, and ties up a few loose ends. In particular, it considers Michael Resnik's alternative ‘pragmatic’ version of the indispensability argument, and shows ... More


Criticisms of Speciesism

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145717
eISBN:
9780199834792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145712.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Criticisms of “speciesism” by various philosophers are engaged to provide a test for assessing limitations of the notion generally. Analogies of speciesism to racism and sexism are evaluated. The ... More


Autonomous Concepts, Conventionalism, and Judicial Discretion

George Letsas

in A Theory of Interpretation of the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199203437
eISBN:
9780191707773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203437.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

This chapter looks at the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights on the doctrine of ‘Autonomous Concepts’, in order to support the claim that the ECHR differs from other international human ... More


Some solutions

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out four broad ways to handle the conflicts displayed by the Introduction. One might argue that necessary truths have no ontology. One might argue that the theist claims that the ... More


Intention-Sensitive Expressions

Emma Borg

in Pursuing Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the role of speaker intentions in issues of reference determination for context-sensitive expressions, focusing on demonstratives. Intuitively, the referent of a token utterance ... More


Carnap's rational reconstruction

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Like Kant, Carnap holds that many traditional philosophical controversies are actually ill-posed pseudo-problems. In Carnap's eyes, for example, there's no fact about which the skeptic and the ... More


Naturalistic options

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Here the book turns to doing, rather than describing, Second Philosophy. In preparation for the philosophy of mathematics in Part IV, Part III takes up the question of the nature of logical truth. In ... More


1921: “Critical or Empiricist Interpretation of the New Physics?”

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mortiz Schlick’s article of this title was highly influential in convincing several generations of philosophers that GTR outrightly falsified any variety of Kantian epistemology. In fact, the ... More


Against Objectivity

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The sensibility theory of morals is a subjectivist theory. To some, this is a sufficient reason for rejection. They insist that morality is objective. It is an objective fact that killing innocent ... More


On the Source of Necessity

Ross P. Cameron

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Simon Blackburn posed a dilemma for any realist attempt to identify the source of necessity. Either the facts appealed to ground modal truth are themselves necessary, or they are contingent. If ... More


‘Cultural Poetics’ versus ‘Cultural Materialism’: The Two New Historicisms in Renaissance Studies

Howard Felperin

in The Uses of the Canon: Elizabethan Literature and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122654
eISBN:
9780191671517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122654.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines some of the weaknesses of the new historicism, including certain methodological and epistemological problems raised but not ... More


Wittgenstein on Necessity: Some Reflections

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Radical conventionalism treats every necessary truth as a linguistic convention, akin to the statement ’There are seven days in a week’. Wittgenstein's endorsement of this view was a result of his ... More


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